High level expert mission and experience sharing activities between Mauritius and Côte d’Ivoire to assist the Government of Côte d'Ivoire in developing an operational action-plan to support youth employment creation.
The extent of underemployment (20.9% of the labor force in 2014) and youth (9.6%) and women unemployment (10% vs. 4.8% at men's) in Côte d'Ivoire is a key factor that explains persistent poverty. Green job opportunities and job training opportunities for young people are limited due to low economic diversification and insufficient processing of commodities. The same is true of microenterprise development, which suffers from lack of technical and financial support. Youth unemployment, if not sufficiently addressed, could also be an obstacle to the dynamics of social cohesion and peacebuilding.
An employment senior specialist from Mauritius Ministry of Finance participated in a high-level expert mission in December 2014 to share Mauritius experience with the Government of Côte d’Ivoire and assist in developing an Operational Action-Plan to ensure tangible results and strengthen institutional coherence across government policies and structures. As a result of the study tour, Côte d’Ivoire developed a policy on youth employment creation that was delivered at the level of the President.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministère de la promotion de la jeunesse, de l’emploi des jeunes et du service civique
Exchange of South-South cooperation with Morocco for the establishment of the Social Accounting Matrix.
National statistical and accounting capacity building.
A Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) is a square matrix in which each account is represented by a row and a column. It provides a complete picture of the economic transactions of an economy. The matrix provides as complete a mapping as possible of the flow of economic flows within the national economy. It serves as a base for economic models that will be developed by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) to analyze the impact of economic policies.
The proposed solution consisted of a knowledge sharing activity that took place in June 2014 between statistical experts from the Office of the High Commissioner for Planning of Morocco and the Directorate of Forecasting and Economic Analysis of Mauritania.
Sharing has given policymakers the opportunity to better evaluate public policies and adjust them to make them more efficient through the restructuring of economic data. The system has facilitated understanding of the interrelationships between the various parts of the macroeconomic system.
The main results achieved with the support of the Office of the High Commissioner for Planning of Morocco are:
Supported by: UNDP
Morocco: High Commissioner for Planning
Mauritania: Ministry of Economy and Finance, Directorate of Forecasting and Economic Analysis
Director of Forecasting and Economic Analysis
Exchange of regional experiences on the implementation of the integrated framework-An exchange mission of the Ministry of Trade of Guinea, the Implementation Unit of the Integrated Framework visited in December 2014 in Bamako in Mali for inquire about the Malian experience in the implementation of the Integrated Framework.
The Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) brings together partners and resources to help least developed countries (LDCs) use trade to reduce poverty and ensure inclusive growth and sustainable development. The EIF program provides support to increase the role of trade in economic and social development through better integration of the country into the regional market, the multilateral trading system and the fight against poverty.
Implementation of the Integrated Framework Program began in Mali in 2005 with support from UNDP. Based on the achievements of the first phase, a second phase, the Commercial Capability Development Program (Enhanced Integrated Framework) was developed for the period 2008-2012 and then extended until 2017.
It aims to support capacity building related to Mali's integration into the Multilateral Trading System. mainly in the mango production sector. Three major outcomes are expected: (i) trade-related capacity building, (ii) strengthening the Integrated Framework Implementation Unit, and (iii) facilitating export promotion.
An exchange mission of the Ministry of Trade of Guinea, the Implementation Unit of the Integrated Framework visited in December 2014 in Bamako in Mali to inquire about the Malian experience in the implementation of the Integrated Framework. . The mission met with government, private sector and partner organizations to inquire about the institutional, organizational and results slide.
Supported by: UNDP, CIR
Implemented by: Mali: Ministry of Commerce / National Directorate of Trade and Competition
Economics Advisor & Head of Strategic and Policy Unit,
United Nations Development Program, Office in Mali
Through a partnership between the National Observatory for Human Development in Morocco and the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali, a series of exchanges and capacities building activities have taken place between the two institutions.
Under the supervision of the Ministry of Social Development, Solidarity and the Elderly (MDSSPA), the main mission of the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali (ODHD/LCP) is to undertake studies and research in the fields of sustainable human development and the fight against poverty. The solution seeks to address the information system and the capabilities of analysis and evaluation of public policies’ to improve decision-making and ultimately, good governance. Specifically, it aims at consolidating a culture of public policy, performance measurement, as well as transparency and accountability.
In June 2014, the ODHD/LCP of Mali participated at the International conference on methods for measuring human development and equity-oriented assessment approaches. The Director of the ODHD presented the process of elaboration of the poverty index of the communes of Mali.
A partnership agreement was concluded between observatories in Morocco and Mali.
As part of this South-South partnership, the National Observatory for Human Development of Morocco (ONDH) received a Malian delegation composed of senior officials of the Government of Mali and experts in August 2017. Following several participations of Mali in the forums and seminars organized by the ONDH, the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali (ODHD/LCP) requested the support of the ONDH to strengthen its capacities in two areas: Information System and Human Development Expertise.
Supported by: UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNWOMEN
Implemented by: Mali: Observatoire du Développement Humain Durable et de la Lutte Contre la Pauvreté (ODHD/LCP); Maroc: Observatoire National du Développement Humain (ONDH)
The formerly well developed Oti-Kéran National (OKM) Park in Northern Togo has experienced significant infrastructure decline and lost most of its wildlife and fauna. The project aims at strengthening the management of the system of protected areas in Togo, through improving the contribution to the conservation of biodiversity through effective approaches to rehabilitation and management of protected areas. In view of the transboundary nature of the parc, the initiative helps Togo to develop prerequisites to be able to re-join in the coming years the initiative for the conservation of biodiversity (W-Arly-Pendjari complex which used to be well connected to Togo's OKM complex) led by Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger.
Togo's system of protected areas is experiencing severe challenges of declining infrastructure, poor management, gaps in staffing as well as inadequate legal and policy frameworks. Especially in the Oti-Kéran-Mandouri Complex, situated in the north of the country and adjacent to Burkina Faso and Bénin, wildlife and fauna has largely disappeared and threatens biodiversity on a regional scale.
This decline reflects an overall decline in the countries socio-political situation since the 1990s. In spite of its good location next to a transboundary Elephant and mammal migration corridor, this situation has also caused a complete standstill of the ecotourism sector and forced local communities to exploit the Protected Area for their livelihood.
Launched in 2012, the project aims at strengthening the management of the system of protected areas in Togo,
improving the contribution to the conservation of biodiversity through effective approaches to rehabilitation and management of protected areas. In view of the trans boundary nature of the park, the initiative helps Togo to develop prerequisites to be able to join in the coming years the initiative for the conservation of biodiversity led by Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger in partnership with EU, WAEMU and UNDP.
Supported By: UNDP, WAEMU , Global Environment Facility
Implemented By: UNDP
The program aims at more effective and viable coordinated management at the level of national protected area institutions of the WAP complex (consisting of the W, Arly and Pendjari parks) and their animal and plant resources.
The aim is to ensure the conservation and promotion of natural potential as a source of added value that can contribute to poverty reduction by strengthening the sustainable and efficient conservation of WAP complex ecosystems from a regional perspective with an optimization of the benefits for the region. riparian population.
Under this South-South cooperation, planning and joint implementation of actions for the regionality of this common hastage have been initiated.
The WAP (W-Arly-Pendjari Parks) complex remains a major ecological unit in West Africa, constituting the main area of Sudanese ecosystems in a good state of conservation. The complex is organized around two units, centered respectively on the W park (which covers the three countries) and the ensemble of Arly (Burkina Faso) and Pendjari (Benin). Nearly 3,000,000 ha are protected, about half of which are under national park status (W and Pendjari).
This regional complex faces the growing challenges posed by climate instability, the fragility of natural resources as well as population growth and the ever-increasing needs of society that exert continued pressure on resources, biological diversity and the habitat.
This network of protected areas demonstrates the willingness of the three states to respond to environmental challenges and strengthen their weak institutional capacity and the financial resources to cope with them.
In addition, one of the significant challenges that the three countries face is the security challenge. Indeed, the forecasts of increase in tourism receipts related to the various developments made in the WAP complex, which were supposed to contribute to improve the mobilization of additional financial resources for the management of the complex's assets, were very negatively influenced by threats recorded in two of the three countries covered.
Set up between December 2011 and June 2014, the objective of the program is to sustainably strengthen the conservation of the WAP complex ecosystems (W, Arly and Pendjari Parks) in a regional perspective and with optimized benefits for the riverside population.
The cooperation has put in place a Master Plan for the development of the WAP protected areas cross-border complex on the basis of which each country draws up a management plan for the Park and strategies to fight against poaching and protection of large carnivores. This initiative also undertook an advocacy with the government of Burkina Faso for the revision of the legal status and the boundaries of the Arly Park for a better management of the ecosystems of the WAP complex and to influence the other countries.
This South-South cooperation enabled the 3 countries to have 2 development plans and a concerted management plan for the two blocks of parks and to coordinate their investment efforts for the promotion of parks and the protection of their biodiversity. (PAG ecological block of the 3 parks of W and PAG ecological block parks Arly and Pendjari). This cooperation has made it possible to better preserve the fauna biodiversity of the three countries.
It has also enabled the three countries to put in place / have a single, joint planning framework for their interventions for the sustainable management of the natural resources of the WAP complex. The signing by these States of a Tripartite Agreement for joint management at the close of the program is a major achievement, a considerable achievement indicating the readiness of these States to appropriate and pool their human, technical and financial resources for sustainable and joint management of this common heritage.
Supported by: EU, UEMOA, UNDP, Governments of Benin, Niger and Burkina Faso
Implementing Agency: UNDP, National Center of Management of Wildlife Reserves (CENAGREF) - Benin; General Directorate of Forests and Wildlife and National Office of Protected Areas (OFINAP) - Burkina Faso; Directorate of Wildlife, Hunting and Protected Areas (DFC / AP) and Directorate General of Environment and Water and Forests (DGEEF) - Niger
With the support of UNDP, the National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development in Niger organized in March 2015 an international workshop on sharing experiences on food security and resilience, which brought together 11 countries. The result is the establishment of a community of practitioners.
Ending hunger, ensuring food security and improving nutrition are at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals. The world is committed to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2030.
Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most food-insecure regions in the world. Climate change, particularly the more and more extreme and frequent meteorological hazards, are impacting agro-ecosystems, agricultural production and livelihoods on which much of the more vulnerable rural population depends.
Therefore, ensuring food security in the face of climate change is one of the most important challenges facing policy makers seeking to prioritize actions to reduce vulnerability and increase the resilience of food systems to ensure food security and livelihoods. good nutrition for all.
Created by Decree No. 96-004 / PM of January 9, 1996, amended and supplemented by Decree No. 2000-272 / PRN / PM of August 4, 2000, the CNEDD is attached to the Office of the Prime Minister. Its mission in relation with all stakeholders is to develop, coordinate the implementation, monitor and evaluate the National Environment Plan for Sustainable Development (PNEDD), a reference framework for policy in Niger. It is the National Focal Point for all post Rio conventions (CCD, CBD, UNFCCC).
The National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development in Niger organized an international workshop in early March 2015 to share experiences, lessons learned and emerging successes in terms of food security and resilience. The workshop, organized as part of the regional project "Adaptation to Climate Change for Food Security in Africa" brought together 11 southern countries in Niamey.
The aim is to promote the promotion of South-South cooperation and to improve the understanding of community-based adaptation initiatives, in particular, the gender dimension, climate information systems for informed decision-making. and integrated planning approaches.
The results obtained are the setting up of a community of practitioners between projects thus offering the opportunity to share their experiences.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: The National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD) Niger
Capacity building of least developed countries to counteract the adverse effects of climate change through the formulation and implementation of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP).
On the occasion of the Cancún Climate Conference in 2010, the States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process. This process defines the medium- and long-term adaptations needed to reduce the vulnerability of states and their people to climate change. With the NAP process, states anchor climate change adaptation in their national development plans. The Paris Climate Agreement signed in 2015 at COP21 emphasizes the importance of the NAP process for international efforts to adapt to climate change. However, the NAP formulation process requires expertise and organizational, participatory and governance structures that are not always available and/or sufficiently consolidated in the least developed countries of sub-Saharan Africa.
As part of the implementation of the NAP process, Benin has opted to participate in a series of training and exchange of experiences activities for LDCs:
Evaluation of NAPs. The purpose of these activities was to transfer knowledge and skills by taking advantage of the experiences of other African countries. Benin's expertise in the formulation of NAPs has been strengthened with the participation of climate change experts and specialists from country offices.
Supported by: UNDP
Benin: Ministry of the Environment, Housing and Urbanism
Team Leader Environment,
Exchange visits made in 2011 and 2012 between the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Madagascar and the Ouagadougou Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation Center (CAMC-O) of Burkina Faso with the aim of setting up a center of arbitration and mediation backed by a sustainable structure in Madagascar. The initiative aims to contribute to strengthening the competitiveness of enterprises in Madagascar through the improvement of the business climate, particularly regarding the execution of commercial contracts and the adoption of alternative means of dispute resolution (ADR) in the country.
Being ranked among the least developed countries, Madagascar is recognized for its strong potential, especially in natural resources, which unfortunately can not reverse the impoverishment curve. On average, economic growth (2.3% on average between 2010 and 2015) is still well below population growth (2.8% on average), and reflects a decline in the per capita income of the population and a rate of poverty reaching over 80%.
Also, the establishment of a framework favorable to the promotion of the private sector, in its role of creator of wealth, has always been at the heart of the various successive strategies implemented in Madagascar.
Concerning the improvement of the execution of commercial contracts in particular, an Arbitration and Mediation Center was created in Madagascar (CAMM) in 2000, in the form of a private association. The center was able to benefit from support from certain technical and financial partners. If the CAMM had the merit of existing, as an arbitration center wanted and desired by the business community and the private sector, the fact remains that recourse to the center has been limited: a A dozen cases of arbitration and mediation have been settled by the CAMM since its creation - and the center was practically no longer operational in 2011. However, a study conducted in the same year with local companies showed that 65% of among them have a positive perception of mediation and arbitration, 70% consider their positive impact on the legal business environment, and 53% are ready to provide for a mediation and / or arbitration clause in their contract.
The challenge is therefore to revive alternative modes of trade in Madagascar, drawing lessons from the past to ensure the sustainability of service provision.
Respond to the need to strengthen governance and the functioning of the entrepreneurship and business climate through the prevention and resolution of trade conflicts. The aim is to encourage the search for amicable solutions to disputes arising or in the process of mediation and arbitration through a mechanism for the settlement of disputes and disputes between parties with the intervention of a third party, the arbitrator (or several referees).
In order to respond to the challenge of relaunching the MARCs, but especially their sustainability, the importance of backing the promoter entity to a sustainable structure, led by the private sector (main user) was favored.
Studies and consultations have identified the Antananarivo Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCIA) as a potential institution to bring the new CAMM, like many successful experiments elsewhere.
In order to ensure full ownership of the vision and approach by the private sector, UNDP supported the organization of a induction and training stay for high-level CCIA representatives at the Center. Mediation and Arbitration of Paris (CAMP) and the Center of Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation of Ouagadougou (CMAC-O).
The South-South cooperation solution adopted consists of a series of exchange trips in 2011 and 2012 with the objective of preparing the leaders of the CCIA and the private sector in general to take full ownership of the concept and the role they will play. to play in the new configuration of the CAMM to give more depth to mediation and arbitration in Madagascar.
At the end of the mission, a task force composed by the missionaries was set up to pilot the revitalization of CAMM backed by the CCIA.
The group oversaw the review of CAMM's constitution and bylaws, the recruitment of a new SG as well as its capacity building within CMAP and CAMC-O, and the training of mediators for the center (a pool of referees having been inherited from the former CAMM).
The CAMM backed by the CCIA has been operational since 2012. In 2013, it initiated the "Business Bridge OI" network, which groups the commercial conflict management centers of the Indian Ocean islands, in order to facilitate commercial relations between these centers later.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Antananarivo
Poverty Reduction / Private Sector,
Exchange of regional experiences on building peace infrastructure at a kick-off and orientation workshop facilitated by experts from the West African Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), which included national consolidation structures peace and security and civil society organizations under the anchor of the High Authority for Peacebuilding (HACP).
Niger is characterized by a multiplicity of conflict risk factors that compromise its development efforts. In 2014, a study identified the pressure of access to natural resources and the poor redistribution of public resources (extractive industry resources), risks derived from population growth, political and institutional instability as well as border issues as the main ones. conflict factors in Niger. In addition, the study reported that despite the existence of a variety of actors dealing with different types of conflict, coordination and capacity for conflict prevention / management remains weak.
Exchange of regional experiences on the establishment of a peace infrastructure at a kick-off and orientation workshop facilitated by experts from the West African Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), with the support of UNDP and to which took part in the national peacebuilding and security structures and the civil society organizations under the High Authority for Peacebuilding (HACP).
The workshop was organized following the recommendations of the Study on Conflict Factors in Niger in 2014. The sharing of experiences from countries in the region (Ghana, in particular) convinced the High Authority to consolidate peace ( HACP) hitherto reluctant to the need for better coordination of national structures for peacebuilding and security. At the end of the workshop, a monitoring committee was set up under the aegis of the HACP to steer the process.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: High Authority for Peace Consolidation (HACP)
As part of the Regional Adaptation Program for Africa and Food Security (TICAD V. CC), knowledge sharing actions have been put in place with Kenya. The aim was to strengthen the capacity of the staff of the Directorate General of Meteorology (DGM) in the areas of administration and maintenance of ADCON stations, the operation and the constitution of a database of stations automatic weather. Two exchange missions to Kenya to promote the use of climate data. This mission aimed to facilitate the development of climate insurance in Burkina Faso. It was financed by Japan. This initiative exposed Burkina Faso's partners in the collection, management and practical use of climate data and improved planning of climate change-dependent development activities.
The lessons learned from these exchanges allowed Burkina's partners to guide the formulation of their climate insurance initiative in preparation with UNDP and GEF.
The negative impacts of climate change on agricultural yields and the food security situation in Africa are of concern. Projected yield reductions in some countries could reach 50% by 2020, and net crop revenues could fall by 90% by 2100, with small farmers being the most severely affected. Risks related to weather and climate shocks are critical constraints for rural people who are engaged in agricultural activities or whose livelihoods are highly dependent on the agricultural sector.
Recently, indexed risk transfer products such as index insurance have emerged as a potentially effective climate risk transfer mechanism for rural populations.
ACRE-Agriculture and Climate Risk Enterprise Ltd operates as a for-profit enterprise that has evolved from the Kilimo Salama project (established in 2009) funded by the Syngenta Foundation and the Global Index Insurance Facility (GIIF). ACRE Africa is licensed in Kenya, Rwand, and Tanzania as a service provider working with local insurers and other stakeholders in the agricultural insurance value chain.
UNDP organized from March 30 to April 4, 2015 a study trip to Kenya for the benefit of rural sector structures including agriculture, livestock, environment and the directorate of meteorology. This study trip allowed to exchange with the technical team of Agriculture and Climate Risk Enterprise (ACRE), to exchange with the producers who subscribed to the insurance products, to visit the stations used for the monitoring of the risk and to exchange with the technical services involved in the agricultural risk management process in Kenya. It also allowed to meet and discuss directly with the services involved in the issue of climate insurance, including agriculture and livestock and Weather Kenya.
Through these exchanges, the study trip team was able to:
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: Kenya Agriculture and Climate Risk Enterprise (ACRE)
UNDP Burkina Faso,
Sharing with São Tomé and Principe and Togo the Malagasy experience in the field of development aid effectiveness, and specifically on the themes of transparency and tools and mechanisms of coordination.
Ensuring the quality of decision making by government organizations - whether deciding where to invest in logistics infrastructure, or where to dig a well - requires the availability of accurate, relevant and accessible information and data. As part of the aid effectiveness agenda, technological solutions and information management tools have been developed to collect and organize key data from different projects to improve the information provided to those responsible for development effectiveness. The Aid Management Platform (AMP) is an information-sharing tool that allows developing country governments to streamline their management of international aid.
With the creation in 2008 of the Permanent Secretariat for Aid Coordination (STPCA), attached to manage a database that is supported to the Prime Minister's Office, and responsible for managing a database on aid (Platform for Help: MPA - Madagascar), Madagascar is able, with the participation of development partners, to collect and share all development cooperation projects. AMP - Madagascar is an open data web application (www.amp-madagascar.gov.mg) that contains more than 1000 projects funded by about 30 multilateral and bilateral collaborations, about 30 decentralized collaborations and about 20 international NGOs.
The similarities of the management tools and the monitoring mechanism of official development assistance as well as the expertise of Madagascar in this field makes this experience very attractive for other countries:
Togo: Following a support from the Permanent Technical Secretary in charge of Aid Coordination (STP-CA Madagascar) to Togo in 2013, a Togolese delegation visited Madagascar between 21 and 25 July 2014, for Strengthen its capacity in the management of the aid monitoring database thanks to the transmission of know-how of the Malagasy teams in charge of the base (AMP) for the country. The good practices learned are integrated directly into the aid management platform, mainly with regard to the functional aspect.
São Tomé and Príncipe is currently in the consolidation phase of the information system for Aid Management, and in this context, the country maintains contacts with the Permanent Technical Secretariat - Aid Coordination (STP-CA), for gain knowledge of innovation on development effectiveness.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: Permanent Aid Coordination Secretariat (STPCA)
FALL, El Hadji Ndji Mamadou.,
UNDP Madagascar and Comoros,
Sabina dos Ramos,
Program Analyst / PMSU,
UNDP São Tomé and Príncipe,