The initiative facilitates the establishment of the “Waste Recovery Platform” as a one-stop shop solution to connect key stakeholders and provide them with data and technological solutions in order to promote waste recovery in a larger circular economy context.
Waste management has become a development challenge in most developing countries of which Ghana is no exception. Aside the environmental challenges, inefficient waste management in cities and communities exposes people to a myriad of health risks, establishes high risks of environmental degradation and exposed natural resources and water bodies to degradation and reduction in quality.
Ghana's municipalities face significant challenges with solid waste management. It is estimated that over 20,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste is generated daily with an average of 0.67kg per person daily. Accra, being the highest waste generation location in Ghana, has an average generation rate of about 3,000 tonnes of municipal waste per day, out of which at least 300 tonnes are estimated to be plastics.
Nation-wide, less than one-quarter of generated household wastes are collected and disposed at properly engineered landfills; the rest is discarded at open public dumps including water bodies, whiles about 10% are openly burnt, contributing to the high levels of pollution in the Ghanaian environment.A staggering half of that waste is not collected, treated or safely disposed of, and it’s causing a waste crisis.A recent study indicates that environmental pollution costs Ghana an estimated 5-10 percent of its total GDP yearly. However, Ghana can generate GH¢83 billion annually through recycled waste. From the health perspective, inefficient waste management in Ghana's cities and communities exposes people to a myriad of health risks, such as cholera, dysentery and increased occurrence of malaria, and degrades natural environments, especially terrestrial water bodies and marine ecosystems.
One of the challenges identified to be causing Ghana’s waste situation is the under-development of domestic market for waste plastics, which had saturated the country.Others are financial constraints, attitudes and behaviour of people and ineffective enforcement of laws and policies. Local government institutions have the responsibility but not adequate data/information nor the financial resources to effectively plan for and implement sustainable and innovative waste management solutions. Partnerships among key stakeholders along the waste management chain in the country are either weak or non-existent. Various research institutions and private sector operators are increasingly coming up with innovative solutions, but there is no system in place to promote the creation of synergies and collaborations that could bring implementation to scale. The United Nations Development Programme in Ghana launched the ‘Waste’ Recovery Platform with the aim of at addressing these challenges.
The‘Waste’ Recovery Platform is a one-stop shop solution being developed to connect key stakeholders in the waste management value chain to promote waste recovery in a larger circular economy context.
The Initiative has two components: (1) a digital platform to connect stakeholders to facilitate waste recovery, which will be equipped with tools such as a waste map, a compendium of technologies, and mobile application for trading of waste; and (2) a business competition where at least eight innovative projects will be awarded seed capital to demonstrate waste recovery in Ghana. The expected impact includes:
Implementation approach: multi-stakeholder co-designing process. Before implementation began, key institutions in the private sector and government were engaged to get their buy-in on the goals of the Initiative.
Implementation began in June 2018 (https://bit.ly/2G1xN8N) with a meeting that convened all key stakeholders to agree on the approach. A co-designing approach was adopted by the stakeholders after which 5 technical working groups were formed to discuss the design, operation and management of the platform, with guidance from UNDP. Below are the working groups, the scope of their work and progress made in their discussions:
Results achieved so far:
Providing Country: UNDP Ghana
Beneficiary Country: Ghana
Supported by: UNDP (Country Investment Facility)
Implementing Agency: UNDP Ghana; Embassy of Netherlands; CYST; Green Team Embassies; Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation; Ministry of Finance; Ghana Statistical Service; Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources; Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development; Academic Institutions; NGOs; Private Sector
Project Status: On-going
Project Period: 2018-2019
Paolo Dalla Stella
Programme Specialist (Sustainable Development)
Joel Ayim Darkwah
This initiative aims at the development of an SMS-based Citizen Reporting Mechanism (CRM) and a related data-analysis tool to improve the outreach and assess the impact of public-service delivery to the poor in Mauritius.
Despite significant increases in the share of social security expenditure as a percentage of both total government expenditure (from 21.8% in 2002 to 28.2% in 2017) and GDP (from 5.3% in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017), relative poverty incidence in Mauritius has increased from 7.7% in 2002 to 9.4% in 2017. This situation suggests a possible lack of outreach to the poor using the current service-delivery mechanisms. Gaps and uneven quality in public-service provision, which affect the poorest disproportionately, have been identified as issues to be addressed by the Marshall Plan Against Poverty, a national instrument to deal with the root causes of poverty, launched in 2016. In the same vein, UNDP’s Country Programme Document for 2017-2020 suggests that the advancement of Mauritius from an upper-middle-income to a high-income country will require civil-service reforms to improve performance and increase public-sector effectiveness. This has more significance to the poorest, as described in the Marshall Plan Against Poverty, which states that power dynamics between civil servants and citizens, in some cases, lead to behaviours that stigmatize people coming from pockets of poverty, thus reducing their access to services.
The solution consists in the design and implementation of a Citizen Reporting Mechanism (CRM) that uses mobile-phone technology to report cases of unavailability of and delays in the delivery of public services and programmes, or their uneven quality, particularly regarding the poorest. The very high penetration rate of mobile-phone technology among the poor in Mauritius (more than 93% in the least developed region, according to the last census) makes the use of this mechanism possible. Citizens will be able to report on their experiences with public-service delivery by simply sending an SMS from their mobile phones.
Based on UNICEF’s RapidPro open-source software, the CRM system will include features that will allow the users to receive information on new pro-poor policies, and to share feedback and report issues in the delivery of services. The mechanism will be mainly operated by the Ministry of Social Integration and Economic Empowerment (MSIEE) and its anti-poverty implementing arm, the National Empowerment Foundation. The target audience is eligible applicants registered in the Social Register of Mauritius (SRM) who benefit from social programmes under the Marshall Plan Against Poverty (the SRM is a tool to identify the poor and their socio-economic profile so as to inform policy-makers on the effective demand for pro-poor policies).
An expert in RapidPro deployment was fielded in Mauritius in November 2017 for the design of the CRM and the gathering of stakeholders’ expectations and feedback; the key deliverables of this mission were:
– Prototyping of a first version of the CRM;
– Establishment of the CRM’s user interface, technological backend specifications and standard operating procedures;
– Definition of the terms of reference of the local service provider for the installation, customization, configuration and deployment of RapidPro, and of the local hosting at the Government Online Centre;
– Training of local staff in the utilization of the system through the ‘designing with the user’ approach, using practical cases encountered by staff in their day-to-day work;
– Planning of the system’s deployment, including the estimation of costs for different options; and
– Preparation of an instruction manual for the development and management of the system.
All stakeholders to be involved in the initiative were consulted during the mission: the Prime Minister’s Office; the ministries in charge of ICT, finance, social integration, social security, education, gender, labour; all the concerned ICT institutions, including regulatory bodies and private telecommunications operators; case-management officers working in the field; and the beneficiaries themselves. The findings and recommendations were presented to the Minister and high officials of the MSIEE in November 2017. Following a unanimous positive response regarding the initiative and the allocation of funds in the national budget, the Government of Mauritius is presently identifying the service provider through a bidding exercise.
The lessons learned so far from this ongoing initiative were shared during the UNDP Innovation Facility Hackers Workshop held in November 2017 in Cairo (Egypt). Interests were expressed by UNDP Namibia’s representative, who is working on a similar citizen engagement initiative, to collaborate with Mauritius, leading to a potential South-South Cooperation opportunity.
Beneficiary country: Mauritius
Supported by: UNDP Innovation Facility and Government of Mauritius
Implementing agency: Mauritius’s Ministry of Social Integration and Economic Empowerment (MSIEE) / National Empowerment Foundation (NEF)
National Consultant, Social Register of Mauritius
Experience learning visit on existing early warning system in Kenya
It is expected that as climate change unfolds in Benin, the variability of the frequency and intensity of climate related shocks will increase, thereby necessitating various socio- economic sectors to adapt. Benin’s vulnerability to weather risks was demonstrated in 2010 when Benin suffered more than USD 262m in losses to various socio-economic sectors (e.g., agriculture, commerce, and infrastructure) due to flooding. Similarly, Benin’s coastal region, home to over 3 million inhabitants and one of West and Central Africa’s largest trading markets has been victim to coastal encroachment by as much as 16 meters per year causing major impacts on fishing, port industries and tourism.
In a developing country such as Benin, climate change impacts are exacerbated by limited outreach mechanisms to local levels and a country dependence on subsistence agriculture. For Benin, improving Climate Information (CI) collection and developing an Early Warning System (EWS) is an effective way to build the general population’s weather / climate risk awareness so that communities (particularly rain-fed farmers) can prepare accordingly. However, currently, an early warning system for multi-risk forecasting (e.g. coastal surge and flooding) as well as the capacities to produce and disseminate weather/climate information does not exist in Benin.
This solution consisted of a study mission to Kenya from 24 to 29 March 2014. The Center for Climate Prediction and Application (ICPAC) of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) based in Kenya has an EWS which covers all East Africa countries. The ICPAC is also in contact with all other national and regional institutions based in Kenya involved in early warning.
The main objective of the mission was to visit and learn about the functioning and the different components of early warning systems in Kenya. Specifically, the mission involved:
The experience acquired has made it possible to strengthen the capacities of the national structures involved in the implementation of the Early Warning System (EWS). A transient EWS for flood management was set up in 2014. The national coverage for climate / weather monitoring has improved by 26% from 30% to 56%. The periodicity of collecting and transmitting station data has improved from a previously (challenging) monthly basis to a daily one.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Direction Générale de l’Eau, Institut National de l’Eau, Agence Nationale de la Météorologie ou Météo-Bénin, Institut des Recherches Halieutiques et Océanologiques du Bénin (IRHOB)
Centre de prévision climatique et d’applications de l’IGAD, Autorité Intergouvernementale pour le Développement, Bureau sous-régional de l’OMM pour l’Afrique Centrale et Australe, Autorité nationale de gestion de la sécheresse, Centre régional de cartographie des ressources pour le développement, Département de la Météorologie du Kenya et Direction des Ressources en Eau au Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et des Ressources Naturelles
Cameroon’s capacity to develop and implement strategies for the quality of services provided to users was reinforced through exchanges with Moroccan and Rwandan government officials.
Cameroon faces governance deficits, which have negative impacts in the form of corruption, poor and inefficient public administration, and an unattractive business environment. Improving the quality of service helps restoring the relationship of trust between administrations and users through transparency and access to accurate information, the quality of reception and the possibility of recourse, with the purpose of reducing corruption and improving the business climate.
Strengthen the delegation's knowledge in the field of developing and implementing strategies for the quality of services provided to users, through exchanges with Moroccan and Rwandan government officials.This study trip contributed to the development of human capital (targeted training, reform of HRM provisions, etc.), the development of user information systems, the re-reading, and the re-adaptation of the institutional framework (Constitution, laws, etc.). Through these exchanges, Cameroon has been able to develop an ISO homologous Quality of Service Standard, which is the first in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Cameroon Quality Standard of Service NC 1756: 2017 is currently being implemented in some public services.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: The Ministry of Public Service and Administrative Reform of Cameroon through the Support Program for Quality Improvement of User Services (PAAQSU).
Exchanges of experiences have been promoted between Madagascar, Togo and South Africa with a view to strengthening the capacities and systems of national reconciliation in Madagascar.
Since independence, Madagascar has suffered from recurrent crises (1972, 1991, 2002 and 2009, which have weakened the socio-economic environment of the country and aggravated the extreme poverty of the population.After the political crisis of 2009, Madagascar faces the challenge of national reconciliation, the upgrading of state services and the rebuilding of the social fabric torn apart by months of crises: it is for the country to put in place a sustainable mechanism to break the cycle crisis which is a brake on its development.
Representatives of national institutions in charge of reconciliation participated in exchanges of experiences and good practices in the process of national reconciliation in Togo and South Africa.
The representatives of the Presidency, Primature, National Assembly, Reconciliation Council and Ministry of Communication participated in the exchange missions.
The main purpose of the exchange missions was to inquire about experiences and lessons learned from the South African and Togolese national reconciliation systems in order to feed the reflections on the Malagasy national reconciliation and the capacity building. actors involved in this process.
Reflections are undertaken to enhance the experiences of these two countries, adapting them to the context of Madagascar. Technical support from a South African NGO In transformation Initiative (ITI) which has made several visits to Madagascar in collaboration with the South African Embassy which supports efforts to support a program of national dialogue and reconciliation led by President. These exchanges have also helped to better define the vision and the reconciliation process that the country wants to put in place; This led to the reform of the legal framework that governs this process (Law No. 2016-037 on national reconciliation) and the restructuring of the Council of the Fampihavanana Malagasy (CFM), the entity responsible for conducting reconciliation.
After the inauguration of the new members of the CFM this year, the next challenge for this institution and for Madagascar is to begin the process of reconciliation, especially in a context where the country is preparing to face new elections in 2018.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: UNDP, In Transformation Initiative, South African NGO
Governance Program Officer,
As part of the African Union's African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), experience sharing was held in Benin with Mali and Côte d'Ivoire to exchange best practices and acquired from the use of the mechanism.
Presented as "an innovative approach designed and implemented by Africans for Africa", the mechanism allows experts, governments, civil society to jointly assess the performance of a given country in various fields (democracy good governance, development, human rights).
Created in 2003, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a reciprocal mechanism for promoting good governance in Africa. It is a mutually agreed instrument to which African Union (AU) Member States voluntarily adhere.
Through constructive dialogue and persuasion, this Mechanism promotes sharing and mutual learning through exchange of experiences and the reinforcement of good practices, including identification of gaps and, for participating countries, evaluation of capacities to strengthen.
In Benin, a National Governance Commission of the APRM (CNG-APRM) was set up in 2008 with the aim of strengthening political, economic and social governance through education, awareness-raising, and extension of the African Mechanism. Peer Review (APRM) and monitoring of the implementation of the Action Plan and recommendations from Benin's APR assessment.
The missions received in Benin in November 2016 were intended to draw on Benin's experience in implementing the mechanism in its phases of self-evaluation, evaluation and monitoring of the implementation of the national action plan. . The displacement of the members of the National Governance Commission of the African Peer Review Mechanism (NMC-APRM) in Mali is part of an annual meeting to review the implementation of the APRM and strengthen capacity of these members on citizen control. The exchange of missions between Benin and the other countries of the subregion allowed him to assess his own level of implementation of the APRM's national plan of action, to learn from the experiences of other countries and to note the areas in which he must do better.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: National Governance Commission of the African Peer Review Mechanism (CNG-MAEP) (Benin)
Support Mission to the Burundi Ministry of Public Service in the implementation of the electronic archiving of civil servants and civil servants files.
Burundi faces the challenge of a public sector and an administration that is not robust enough to provide citizens with quality service. The introduction of effective management tools and systems has been identified as an important element in improving the capacity and performance of the public service.
Between August and September 2014 a technical assistance mission of two experts from the Ministry of Public Service of Burkina Faso was held for the benefit of the Ministry of the Public Service of Labor and Social Security of Burundi to: (i) share Burkina Faso's experience in digitalisation and securing archives; and (ii) helping Burundi develop a roadmap for electronic archiving of public officials' files within five years.
The outcome of the mission includes a study and roadmap on how to implement electronic archiving. The recommendations are intended to advance in the automation of the management of human resources of the Public Service and in improving the quality of the service rendered to the citizen. The studies have been validated by the Ministry of Public Service.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministry of Public Service, Labor and Social Protection Burkina Faso; Ministry of Public Service, Labor and Social Security of Burundi
Expert support mission initiated as part of the resilience priority formulation process / AGIR Sahel in Chad.
The AGIR Initiative "Global Alliance for Resilience Initiatives in the Sahel and West Africa" was launched by the West African and Sahel countries, organized within WAEMU, ECOWAS and CILSS, in close collaboration with OECD technical and financial partners. The objective of AGIR is: "To structurally and sustainably reduce food and nutritional vulnerability by providing technical, material and financial support for the implementation of Sahelian and West African policies".
Acting aims to mobilize in a coordinated way and to support regional and national policies in support of strengthening the resilience of vulnerable populations. The aim is to address the causes of acute and chronic food and nutrition crises in the same way, by helping vulnerable households to increase their incomes, access basic infrastructure and social services, and build up a wealth of assets. sustainably strengthening their livelihoods.
For Niger, the AGIR process is an opportunity to reinforce its resilience dimension of the 3N Initiative strategy "Nigeriens feed Nigeriens".
As part of the Global Alliance for the Resilience Initiative in the Sahel (AGIR), UNDP has supported the deployment of experts from Niger's Nigerian NICs program 3N to Chad to strengthen the exchange of information. expertise in the process of formulating national priorities for resilience.
The mission of the Nigerien experts in Chad has accelerated the AGIR process (Global Alliance for the Resilience Initiative in the Sahel) in Chad in particular as regards the definition of priorities, as well as the various pillars of the initiative. The planned next steps include the visit of the Chadian part to Niger to enrich the experience and the reinforcement of the cooperation between these two countries in the framework of the resilience.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementation agency: Niger: Office of the High Commissioner for the 3N Initiative
The National Multifunctional Platforms for Poverty Reduction (PTFM) program has led to a sharing of experiences with Guinea, which has benefited from expertise in village micro-industrialization and the promotion of rural entrepreneurship.
The National multifunctional platforms program for the fight against poverty, abbreviated "PN-PTFM", is an initiative of the Senegalese Government, supported by the UNDP, whose objective is to improve the living conditions of the populations in rural areas by increasing access to basic energy services.
During 2014, the PTFM led to a sharing of experiences with Guinea, which benefited from expertise in village micro-industrialization and promotion of rural entrepreneurship.
The initiative has made it possible to strengthen cooperation between Senegal and Guinea in the field of village micro-industrialization. It was agreed that the Senegalese experts will visit Guinea to provide support in this area once the Ebola restrictions are lifted.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministry in charge of Industry -Ministry of Economy and Finance
Police forces of Rwanda and Côte d’Ivoire share experiences on how to apply ICT innovations in their Police and GBV projects, by using mobile phone short text messages to address GBV issues
The 2015 UN Women Beijing +20 Report points to Africa as having the highest prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence at 45.6% in low- to middle-income countries.
African Security Organs have made ﬁrm commitments and considerable progress to support the move to end violence against women and girls. Rwanda`s security Organs in partnership with the One-UN Rwanda launched the campaign in Kigali in October 2010 in high level international conference under the theme: “The Role of African Security Organs in Ending Violence Against Women and Girls”. The conference was concluded with a proclamation and signing of the Kigali International Conference Declaration (KICD).
In addition, since 2000 Rwanda has adopted the concept of human security, which places the individual at the "centre of analysis". Putting the citizen at the centre of security concerns, especially the vulnerable, is likely to strengthen people's confidence in the police. Also, Rwanda has created the Gender Desk for combating gender-based violence and the One Stop Centre, a medical centre for victims of gender-based violence. There is one Gender Desk per police station, 74 of its kind in Rwanda. The One Stop Centre welcomes victims, and besides health services offers them lodging until their reintegration in a safe environment. There are 30 One Stop Centres in Rwanda.
Côte d’Ivoire’ security sector has been severely affected by the decade of socio-political crisis and the violent post-election crisis of 2010. The restoration of security and of state authority has thus been at the forefront of the Ivorian government's priorities in its post-crisis program. Therefore, the Government and its national and international partners have made many efforts to promote reconciliation at all levels and the adoption of a person-centred concept of security.
As part of the implementation of South-South cooperation between Côte d'Ivoire and Rwanda, an Ivorian delegation led by the Ministry of State, Ministry of the Interior and Security and composed of representatives of the National Gendarmerie, the National Security Council, the National Assembly, the police services of the United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire carried out a visit of work and exchange in Rwanda in November 2014. The aim of the exchange was to share experiences regarding the implementation of security and social cohesion policies while highlighting best practices and lessons learned in this field.
During this stay in Rwanda, the Ivorian mission met with all the governmental partners (Ministries or institutions in charge of security, justice, solidarity, social cohesion, police, gendarmerie) and national and international non-governmental organizations, as well as United Nations agencies involved in the implementation of security sector policies, programs and projects.
These working sessions made it possible to take stock of the security situation and to learn how to apply ICT innovations in the Police and GBV projects, by using mobile phone short text messages to address GBV issues.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministère de l’Intérieur de Côte d’Ivoire; Rwanda National Police
Two experts from the Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD) visited Senegal to benefit from the country's experience in climate insurance for the development of a similar project in Niger
The negative impacts of climate change on agricultural yields and food security situation Africa are worrying. Projected yield reductions in some countries could reach 50% by 2020, and net crop revenues could fall by 90% by 2100, with small farmers being the most severely affected. Risks related to weather and climate shocks are critical constraints for rural people who are engaged in agricultural activities or whose livelihoods are highly dependent on the agricultural sector.
Article 4.8 of the UNFCCC mentions "insurance" as one of the main means of responding to the negative impacts of climate change (as well as financing and technology transfer). Insurance can indeed be an effective tool for climate risk management when combined with other measures such as early warning systems, risk information, disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change.
Recently, indexed risk transfer products such as index insurance have emerged as a potentially effective climate risk transfer mechanism for rural populations. Insurance is linked to an index, often meteorological, such as rainfall, temperature, humidity or crop yields, rather than actual loss.
Two experts from the Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD) visited Senegal to benefit from the country's experience on climate insurance for the development of a similar project in Niger.
With this study trip Nigerian managers have better understood the methods used in Senegal by the agricultural index insurance project to identify and select intervention sites and collect basic data. Thanks to lessons learned, Niger has better prepared its pilot climate insurance index against drought, adopting a similar methodology for identifying project implementation sites and better ways of collecting data.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD)
A cooperation agreement between the governments of Burundi and Singapore, with the support of UNDP, has been signed, amounting to almost $ 2.5 million. This South-South cooperation focuses on the realization of an innovative master plan to guide the development of the capital of Burundi and its surroundings by 2045.
The city of Bujumbura as the political, social and economic capital of Burundi has a real potential for development. However, its future urban development faces real challenges: today, although only 1 Burundian out of 10 is urban, the city of Bujumbura alone is home to 3/4 of the urban population of the country. In 1962, the capital had about 60,000 inhabitants. In 2014, the estimates are of 800,000 inhabitants. This population is concentrated mainly in peripheral districts where the density sometimes reaches more than 2,000 inhabitants per km². It is projected, according to the African Development Bank (AfDB), that by 2030 the urban population of Burundi will reach 2.63 million people, which would represent 19 percent of the total population.
This rapid and continuous urbanization, especially in the city of Bujumbura, is leading to deterioration in the quality of life of citizens and the environment. Beyond population growth, the development of Bujumbura faces other challenges such as: lack of planning tools and urban management; inadequate legislation; low household incomes in relation to the cost of housing; the lack of electrical energy; the rural exodus of young people.
The current challenge is to be able to manage the development of the capital and guarantee a better living and working environment for its inhabitants.
Singapore's support combined the provision of a wide range of experience-based technical knowledge at both national and provincial levels. The core of this South-South cooperation mechanism with Singapore was the Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE) technical assistance, consulting services and best practice sharing.
Under the Agreement, SCE shared Singapore’s urban developmental experience and expertise with the capital City of Bujumbura. The project started in July 2014 and spanned over 18 months, which would include 12 months of Master Plan preparation and 6 months of capacity building, where SCE would conduct knowledge transfer of best practices in urban development with the Burundian Government’s urban planning team to successfully implement the Master Plan.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE)