Experience learning visit on existing early warning system in Kenya
It is expected that as climate change unfolds in Benin, the variability of the frequency and intensity of climate related shocks will increase, thereby necessitating various socio- economic sectors to adapt. Benin’s vulnerability to weather risks was demonstrated in 2010 when Benin suffered more than USD 262m in losses to various socio-economic sectors (e.g., agriculture, commerce, and infrastructure) due to flooding. Similarly, Benin’s coastal region, home to over 3 million inhabitants and one of West and Central Africa’s largest trading markets has been victim to coastal encroachment by as much as 16 meters per year causing major impacts on fishing, port industries and tourism.
In a developing country such as Benin, climate change impacts are exacerbated by limited outreach mechanisms to local levels and a country dependence on subsistence agriculture. For Benin, improving Climate Information (CI) collection and developing an Early Warning System (EWS) is an effective way to build the general population’s weather / climate risk awareness so that communities (particularly rain-fed farmers) can prepare accordingly. However, currently, an early warning system for multi-risk forecasting (e.g. coastal surge and flooding) as well as the capacities to produce and disseminate weather/climate information does not exist in Benin.
This solution consisted of a study mission to Kenya from 24 to 29 March 2014. The Center for Climate Prediction and Application (ICPAC) of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) based in Kenya has an EWS which covers all East Africa countries. The ICPAC is also in contact with all other national and regional institutions based in Kenya involved in early warning.
The main objective of the mission was to visit and learn about the functioning and the different components of early warning systems in Kenya. Specifically, the mission involved:
The experience acquired has made it possible to strengthen the capacities of the national structures involved in the implementation of the Early Warning System (EWS). A transient EWS for flood management was set up in 2014. The national coverage for climate / weather monitoring has improved by 26% from 30% to 56%. The periodicity of collecting and transmitting station data has improved from a previously (challenging) monthly basis to a daily one.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Direction Générale de l’Eau, Institut National de l’Eau, Agence Nationale de la Météorologie ou Météo-Bénin, Institut des Recherches Halieutiques et Océanologiques du Bénin (IRHOB)
Centre de prévision climatique et d’applications de l’IGAD, Autorité Intergouvernementale pour le Développement, Bureau sous-régional de l’OMM pour l’Afrique Centrale et Australe, Autorité nationale de gestion de la sécheresse, Centre régional de cartographie des ressources pour le développement, Département de la Météorologie du Kenya et Direction des Ressources en Eau au Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Eau et des Ressources Naturelles
Cameroon’s capacity to develop and implement strategies for the quality of services provided to users was reinforced through exchanges with Moroccan and Rwandan government officials.
Cameroon faces governance deficits, which have negative impacts in the form of corruption, poor and inefficient public administration, and an unattractive business environment. Improving the quality of service helps restoring the relationship of trust between administrations and users through transparency and access to accurate information, the quality of reception and the possibility of recourse, with the purpose of reducing corruption and improving the business climate.
Strengthen the delegation's knowledge in the field of developing and implementing strategies for the quality of services provided to users, through exchanges with Moroccan and Rwandan government officials.This study trip contributed to the development of human capital (targeted training, reform of HRM provisions, etc.), the development of user information systems, the re-reading, and the re-adaptation of the institutional framework (Constitution, laws, etc.). Through these exchanges, Cameroon has been able to develop an ISO homologous Quality of Service Standard, which is the first in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Cameroon Quality Standard of Service NC 1756: 2017 is currently being implemented in some public services.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: The Ministry of Public Service and Administrative Reform of Cameroon through the Support Program for Quality Improvement of User Services (PAAQSU).
Police forces of Rwanda and Côte d’Ivoire share experiences on how to apply ICT innovations in their Police and GBV projects, by using mobile phone short text messages to address GBV issues
The 2015 UN Women Beijing +20 Report points to Africa as having the highest prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence at 45.6% in low- to middle-income countries.
African Security Organs have made ﬁrm commitments and considerable progress to support the move to end violence against women and girls. Rwanda`s security Organs in partnership with the One-UN Rwanda launched the campaign in Kigali in October 2010 in high level international conference under the theme: “The Role of African Security Organs in Ending Violence Against Women and Girls”. The conference was concluded with a proclamation and signing of the Kigali International Conference Declaration (KICD).
In addition, since 2000 Rwanda has adopted the concept of human security, which places the individual at the "centre of analysis". Putting the citizen at the centre of security concerns, especially the vulnerable, is likely to strengthen people's confidence in the police. Also, Rwanda has created the Gender Desk for combating gender-based violence and the One Stop Centre, a medical centre for victims of gender-based violence. There is one Gender Desk per police station, 74 of its kind in Rwanda. The One Stop Centre welcomes victims, and besides health services offers them lodging until their reintegration in a safe environment. There are 30 One Stop Centres in Rwanda.
Côte d’Ivoire’ security sector has been severely affected by the decade of socio-political crisis and the violent post-election crisis of 2010. The restoration of security and of state authority has thus been at the forefront of the Ivorian government's priorities in its post-crisis program. Therefore, the Government and its national and international partners have made many efforts to promote reconciliation at all levels and the adoption of a person-centred concept of security.
As part of the implementation of South-South cooperation between Côte d'Ivoire and Rwanda, an Ivorian delegation led by the Ministry of State, Ministry of the Interior and Security and composed of representatives of the National Gendarmerie, the National Security Council, the National Assembly, the police services of the United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire carried out a visit of work and exchange in Rwanda in November 2014. The aim of the exchange was to share experiences regarding the implementation of security and social cohesion policies while highlighting best practices and lessons learned in this field.
During this stay in Rwanda, the Ivorian mission met with all the governmental partners (Ministries or institutions in charge of security, justice, solidarity, social cohesion, police, gendarmerie) and national and international non-governmental organizations, as well as United Nations agencies involved in the implementation of security sector policies, programs and projects.
These working sessions made it possible to take stock of the security situation and to learn how to apply ICT innovations in the Police and GBV projects, by using mobile phone short text messages to address GBV issues.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministère de l’Intérieur de Côte d’Ivoire; Rwanda National Police
Two experts from the Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD) visited Senegal to benefit from the country's experience in climate insurance for the development of a similar project in Niger
The negative impacts of climate change on agricultural yields and food security situation Africa are worrying. Projected yield reductions in some countries could reach 50% by 2020, and net crop revenues could fall by 90% by 2100, with small farmers being the most severely affected. Risks related to weather and climate shocks are critical constraints for rural people who are engaged in agricultural activities or whose livelihoods are highly dependent on the agricultural sector.
Article 4.8 of the UNFCCC mentions "insurance" as one of the main means of responding to the negative impacts of climate change (as well as financing and technology transfer). Insurance can indeed be an effective tool for climate risk management when combined with other measures such as early warning systems, risk information, disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change.
Recently, indexed risk transfer products such as index insurance have emerged as a potentially effective climate risk transfer mechanism for rural populations. Insurance is linked to an index, often meteorological, such as rainfall, temperature, humidity or crop yields, rather than actual loss.
Two experts from the Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD) visited Senegal to benefit from the country's experience on climate insurance for the development of a similar project in Niger.
With this study trip Nigerian managers have better understood the methods used in Senegal by the agricultural index insurance project to identify and select intervention sites and collect basic data. Thanks to lessons learned, Niger has better prepared its pilot climate insurance index against drought, adopting a similar methodology for identifying project implementation sites and better ways of collecting data.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Executive Secretariat of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD)
A cooperation agreement between the governments of Burundi and Singapore, with the support of UNDP, has been signed, amounting to almost $ 2.5 million. This South-South cooperation focuses on the realization of an innovative master plan to guide the development of the capital of Burundi and its surroundings by 2045.
The city of Bujumbura as the political, social and economic capital of Burundi has a real potential for development. However, its future urban development faces real challenges: today, although only 1 Burundian out of 10 is urban, the city of Bujumbura alone is home to 3/4 of the urban population of the country. In 1962, the capital had about 60,000 inhabitants. In 2014, the estimates are of 800,000 inhabitants. This population is concentrated mainly in peripheral districts where the density sometimes reaches more than 2,000 inhabitants per km². It is projected, according to the African Development Bank (AfDB), that by 2030 the urban population of Burundi will reach 2.63 million people, which would represent 19 percent of the total population.
This rapid and continuous urbanization, especially in the city of Bujumbura, is leading to deterioration in the quality of life of citizens and the environment. Beyond population growth, the development of Bujumbura faces other challenges such as: lack of planning tools and urban management; inadequate legislation; low household incomes in relation to the cost of housing; the lack of electrical energy; the rural exodus of young people.
The current challenge is to be able to manage the development of the capital and guarantee a better living and working environment for its inhabitants.
Singapore's support combined the provision of a wide range of experience-based technical knowledge at both national and provincial levels. The core of this South-South cooperation mechanism with Singapore was the Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE) technical assistance, consulting services and best practice sharing.
Under the Agreement, SCE shared Singapore’s urban developmental experience and expertise with the capital City of Bujumbura. The project started in July 2014 and spanned over 18 months, which would include 12 months of Master Plan preparation and 6 months of capacity building, where SCE would conduct knowledge transfer of best practices in urban development with the Burundian Government’s urban planning team to successfully implement the Master Plan.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE)
High level expert mission and experience sharing activities between Mauritius and Côte d’Ivoire to assist the Government of Côte d'Ivoire in developing an operational action-plan to support youth employment creation.
The extent of underemployment (20.9% of the labor force in 2014) and youth (9.6%) and women unemployment (10% vs. 4.8% at men's) in Côte d'Ivoire is a key factor that explains persistent poverty. Green job opportunities and job training opportunities for young people are limited due to low economic diversification and insufficient processing of commodities. The same is true of microenterprise development, which suffers from lack of technical and financial support. Youth unemployment, if not sufficiently addressed, could also be an obstacle to the dynamics of social cohesion and peacebuilding.
An employment senior specialist from Mauritius Ministry of Finance participated in a high-level expert mission in December 2014 to share Mauritius experience with the Government of Côte d’Ivoire and assist in developing an Operational Action-Plan to ensure tangible results and strengthen institutional coherence across government policies and structures. As a result of the study tour, Côte d’Ivoire developed a policy on youth employment creation that was delivered at the level of the President.
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by: Ministère de la promotion de la jeunesse, de l’emploi des jeunes et du service civique
Through a partnership between the National Observatory for Human Development in Morocco and the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali, a series of exchanges and capacities building activities have taken place between the two institutions.
Under the supervision of the Ministry of Social Development, Solidarity and the Elderly (MDSSPA), the main mission of the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali (ODHD/LCP) is to undertake studies and research in the fields of sustainable human development and the fight against poverty. The solution seeks to address the information system and the capabilities of analysis and evaluation of public policies’ to improve decision-making and ultimately, good governance. Specifically, it aims at consolidating a culture of public policy, performance measurement, as well as transparency and accountability.
In June 2014, the ODHD/LCP of Mali participated at the International conference on methods for measuring human development and equity-oriented assessment approaches. The Director of the ODHD presented the process of elaboration of the poverty index of the communes of Mali.
A partnership agreement was concluded between observatories in Morocco and Mali.
As part of this South-South partnership, the National Observatory for Human Development of Morocco (ONDH) received a Malian delegation composed of senior officials of the Government of Mali and experts in August 2017. Following several participations of Mali in the forums and seminars organized by the ONDH, the National Observatory of Sustainable Human Development and the Poverty Alleviation of Mali (ODHD/LCP) requested the support of the ONDH to strengthen its capacities in two areas: Information System and Human Development Expertise.
Supported by: UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNWOMEN
Implemented by: Mali: Observatoire du Développement Humain Durable et de la Lutte Contre la Pauvreté (ODHD/LCP); Maroc: Observatoire National du Développement Humain (ONDH)
The formerly well developed Oti-Kéran National (OKM) Park in Northern Togo has experienced significant infrastructure decline and lost most of its wildlife and fauna. The project aims at strengthening the management of the system of protected areas in Togo, through improving the contribution to the conservation of biodiversity through effective approaches to rehabilitation and management of protected areas. In view of the transboundary nature of the parc, the initiative helps Togo to develop prerequisites to be able to re-join in the coming years the initiative for the conservation of biodiversity (W-Arly-Pendjari complex which used to be well connected to Togo's OKM complex) led by Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger.
Togo's system of protected areas is experiencing severe challenges of declining infrastructure, poor management, gaps in staffing as well as inadequate legal and policy frameworks. Especially in the Oti-Kéran-Mandouri Complex, situated in the north of the country and adjacent to Burkina Faso and Bénin, wildlife and fauna has largely disappeared and threatens biodiversity on a regional scale.
This decline reflects an overall decline in the countries socio-political situation since the 1990s. In spite of its good location next to a transboundary Elephant and mammal migration corridor, this situation has also caused a complete standstill of the ecotourism sector and forced local communities to exploit the Protected Area for their livelihood.
Launched in 2012, the project aims at strengthening the management of the system of protected areas in Togo,
improving the contribution to the conservation of biodiversity through effective approaches to rehabilitation and management of protected areas. In view of the trans boundary nature of the park, the initiative helps Togo to develop prerequisites to be able to join in the coming years the initiative for the conservation of biodiversity led by Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger in partnership with EU, WAEMU and UNDP.
Supported By: UNDP, WAEMU , Global Environment Facility
Implemented By: UNDP
The program aims at more effective and viable coordinated management at the level of national protected area institutions of the WAP complex (consisting of the W, Arly and Pendjari parks) and their animal and plant resources.
The aim is to ensure the conservation and promotion of natural potential as a source of added value that can contribute to poverty reduction by strengthening the sustainable and efficient conservation of WAP complex ecosystems from a regional perspective with an optimization of the benefits for the region. riparian population.
Under this South-South cooperation, planning and joint implementation of actions for the regionality of this common hastage have been initiated.
The WAP (W-Arly-Pendjari Parks) complex remains a major ecological unit in West Africa, constituting the main area of Sudanese ecosystems in a good state of conservation. The complex is organized around two units, centered respectively on the W park (which covers the three countries) and the ensemble of Arly (Burkina Faso) and Pendjari (Benin). Nearly 3,000,000 ha are protected, about half of which are under national park status (W and Pendjari).
This regional complex faces the growing challenges posed by climate instability, the fragility of natural resources as well as population growth and the ever-increasing needs of society that exert continued pressure on resources, biological diversity and the habitat.
This network of protected areas demonstrates the willingness of the three states to respond to environmental challenges and strengthen their weak institutional capacity and the financial resources to cope with them.
In addition, one of the significant challenges that the three countries face is the security challenge. Indeed, the forecasts of increase in tourism receipts related to the various developments made in the WAP complex, which were supposed to contribute to improve the mobilization of additional financial resources for the management of the complex's assets, were very negatively influenced by threats recorded in two of the three countries covered.
Set up between December 2011 and June 2014, the objective of the program is to sustainably strengthen the conservation of the WAP complex ecosystems (W, Arly and Pendjari Parks) in a regional perspective and with optimized benefits for the riverside population.
The cooperation has put in place a Master Plan for the development of the WAP protected areas cross-border complex on the basis of which each country draws up a management plan for the Park and strategies to fight against poaching and protection of large carnivores. This initiative also undertook an advocacy with the government of Burkina Faso for the revision of the legal status and the boundaries of the Arly Park for a better management of the ecosystems of the WAP complex and to influence the other countries.
This South-South cooperation enabled the 3 countries to have 2 development plans and a concerted management plan for the two blocks of parks and to coordinate their investment efforts for the promotion of parks and the protection of their biodiversity. (PAG ecological block of the 3 parks of W and PAG ecological block parks Arly and Pendjari). This cooperation has made it possible to better preserve the fauna biodiversity of the three countries.
It has also enabled the three countries to put in place / have a single, joint planning framework for their interventions for the sustainable management of the natural resources of the WAP complex. The signing by these States of a Tripartite Agreement for joint management at the close of the program is a major achievement, a considerable achievement indicating the readiness of these States to appropriate and pool their human, technical and financial resources for sustainable and joint management of this common heritage.
Supported by: EU, UEMOA, UNDP, Governments of Benin, Niger and Burkina Faso
Implementing Agency: UNDP, National Center of Management of Wildlife Reserves (CENAGREF) - Benin; General Directorate of Forests and Wildlife and National Office of Protected Areas (OFINAP) - Burkina Faso; Directorate of Wildlife, Hunting and Protected Areas (DFC / AP) and Directorate General of Environment and Water and Forests (DGEEF) - Niger
With the support of UNDP, the National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development in Niger organized in March 2015 an international workshop on sharing experiences on food security and resilience, which brought together 11 countries. The result is the establishment of a community of practitioners.
Ending hunger, ensuring food security and improving nutrition are at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals. The world is committed to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2030.
Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most food-insecure regions in the world. Climate change, particularly the more and more extreme and frequent meteorological hazards, are impacting agro-ecosystems, agricultural production and livelihoods on which much of the more vulnerable rural population depends.
Therefore, ensuring food security in the face of climate change is one of the most important challenges facing policy makers seeking to prioritize actions to reduce vulnerability and increase the resilience of food systems to ensure food security and livelihoods. good nutrition for all.
Created by Decree No. 96-004 / PM of January 9, 1996, amended and supplemented by Decree No. 2000-272 / PRN / PM of August 4, 2000, the CNEDD is attached to the Office of the Prime Minister. Its mission in relation with all stakeholders is to develop, coordinate the implementation, monitor and evaluate the National Environment Plan for Sustainable Development (PNEDD), a reference framework for policy in Niger. It is the National Focal Point for all post Rio conventions (CCD, CBD, UNFCCC).
The National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development in Niger organized an international workshop in early March 2015 to share experiences, lessons learned and emerging successes in terms of food security and resilience. The workshop, organized as part of the regional project "Adaptation to Climate Change for Food Security in Africa" brought together 11 southern countries in Niamey.
The aim is to promote the promotion of South-South cooperation and to improve the understanding of community-based adaptation initiatives, in particular, the gender dimension, climate information systems for informed decision-making. and integrated planning approaches.
The results obtained are the setting up of a community of practitioners between projects thus offering the opportunity to share their experiences.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: The National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD) Niger
Capacity building of least developed countries to counteract the adverse effects of climate change through the formulation and implementation of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP).
On the occasion of the Cancún Climate Conference in 2010, the States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process. This process defines the medium- and long-term adaptations needed to reduce the vulnerability of states and their people to climate change. With the NAP process, states anchor climate change adaptation in their national development plans. The Paris Climate Agreement signed in 2015 at COP21 emphasizes the importance of the NAP process for international efforts to adapt to climate change. However, the NAP formulation process requires expertise and organizational, participatory and governance structures that are not always available and/or sufficiently consolidated in the least developed countries of sub-Saharan Africa.
As part of the implementation of the NAP process, Benin has opted to participate in a series of training and exchange of experiences activities for LDCs:
Evaluation of NAPs. The purpose of these activities was to transfer knowledge and skills by taking advantage of the experiences of other African countries. Benin's expertise in the formulation of NAPs has been strengthened with the participation of climate change experts and specialists from country offices.
Supported by: UNDP
Benin: Ministry of the Environment, Housing and Urbanism
Team Leader Environment,
Exchange visits made in 2011 and 2012 between the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Madagascar and the Ouagadougou Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation Center (CAMC-O) of Burkina Faso with the aim of setting up a center of arbitration and mediation backed by a sustainable structure in Madagascar. The initiative aims to contribute to strengthening the competitiveness of enterprises in Madagascar through the improvement of the business climate, particularly regarding the execution of commercial contracts and the adoption of alternative means of dispute resolution (ADR) in the country.
Being ranked among the least developed countries, Madagascar is recognized for its strong potential, especially in natural resources, which unfortunately can not reverse the impoverishment curve. On average, economic growth (2.3% on average between 2010 and 2015) is still well below population growth (2.8% on average), and reflects a decline in the per capita income of the population and a rate of poverty reaching over 80%.
Also, the establishment of a framework favorable to the promotion of the private sector, in its role of creator of wealth, has always been at the heart of the various successive strategies implemented in Madagascar.
Concerning the improvement of the execution of commercial contracts in particular, an Arbitration and Mediation Center was created in Madagascar (CAMM) in 2000, in the form of a private association. The center was able to benefit from support from certain technical and financial partners. If the CAMM had the merit of existing, as an arbitration center wanted and desired by the business community and the private sector, the fact remains that recourse to the center has been limited: a A dozen cases of arbitration and mediation have been settled by the CAMM since its creation - and the center was practically no longer operational in 2011. However, a study conducted in the same year with local companies showed that 65% of among them have a positive perception of mediation and arbitration, 70% consider their positive impact on the legal business environment, and 53% are ready to provide for a mediation and / or arbitration clause in their contract.
The challenge is therefore to revive alternative modes of trade in Madagascar, drawing lessons from the past to ensure the sustainability of service provision.
Respond to the need to strengthen governance and the functioning of the entrepreneurship and business climate through the prevention and resolution of trade conflicts. The aim is to encourage the search for amicable solutions to disputes arising or in the process of mediation and arbitration through a mechanism for the settlement of disputes and disputes between parties with the intervention of a third party, the arbitrator (or several referees).
In order to respond to the challenge of relaunching the MARCs, but especially their sustainability, the importance of backing the promoter entity to a sustainable structure, led by the private sector (main user) was favored.
Studies and consultations have identified the Antananarivo Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCIA) as a potential institution to bring the new CAMM, like many successful experiments elsewhere.
In order to ensure full ownership of the vision and approach by the private sector, UNDP supported the organization of a induction and training stay for high-level CCIA representatives at the Center. Mediation and Arbitration of Paris (CAMP) and the Center of Arbitration, Mediation and Conciliation of Ouagadougou (CMAC-O).
The South-South cooperation solution adopted consists of a series of exchange trips in 2011 and 2012 with the objective of preparing the leaders of the CCIA and the private sector in general to take full ownership of the concept and the role they will play. to play in the new configuration of the CAMM to give more depth to mediation and arbitration in Madagascar.
At the end of the mission, a task force composed by the missionaries was set up to pilot the revitalization of CAMM backed by the CCIA.
The group oversaw the review of CAMM's constitution and bylaws, the recruitment of a new SG as well as its capacity building within CMAP and CAMC-O, and the training of mediators for the center (a pool of referees having been inherited from the former CAMM).
The CAMM backed by the CCIA has been operational since 2012. In 2013, it initiated the "Business Bridge OI" network, which groups the commercial conflict management centers of the Indian Ocean islands, in order to facilitate commercial relations between these centers later.
Supported by: UNDP
Implementing Agency: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Antananarivo
Poverty Reduction / Private Sector,