Implemented in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since 2011, the Voices of Africa Project aims to empower small farmers and family farmers in sustainable socio-environmental technologies developed by agroecology through innovative university extension. The project is based on a cooperation agreement between the Federal University of Lavras (UFLA, Brazil), the Free University of the Great Lakes Countries (ULPGL, Goma, DRC) and the National Institute of Agronomic Studies and Research (INERA, RDC); replicating, in a way, the "Carrancas Project" for family agriculture, financed by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Brazil) and executed in Brazil by UFLA. The "Carrancas Project" was recognized as a model of economic / social-environmental development by the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment.
The DRC government aims to reduce the proportion of the population whose earnings are less than one dollar a day and the proportion of the population starving. In this context, food security has become one of the main challenges of this country characterized by small farms and subsistence farming. The low productivity of these units is based on unsustainable agricultural practices, which often trigger deforestation, desertification, loss of biodiversity, as well as degradation of soils, springs, springs, and groundwater. One of the causes of this situation is the difficult access of the communities to the scientific knowledge generated in universities and research centers. When adjusted to the local demands, this knowledge allows leveraging the agricultural potential naturally present in the country. Moreover, the fact that small producers are not organized in cooperatives often makes it impossible to take advantage of collective benefits, especially the safe storage of products and the potential benefits of economies of scale.
The innovative university extension project "Voices of Africa" works to train Congolese teachers and technicians in sustainable socio-environmental technologies, developed, tested and approved by agroecology. Through the exchange of professionals from both countries, the project proposes the use of simple, viable practices appropriate to the local context, which will result in a better quality of life for the people and also in the preservation of the environment.
Promoting the development of economically viable, ecologically correct, socially just and culturally appropriate agriculture passes, in particular, through the use of native resources, dispensing inputs and products with high costs. The project emphasizes food security through the production of basic and staple foods, along with the generation of employment and a decent income, which will put people on their property, however small they may be, thus discouraging rural exodus and the consequent formation of violent and promiscuous communities around big cities.
Following a participatory approach, the knowledge of agroecology is transmitted to small family farmers and producers, through training workshops held in the communities themselves. Communities that excel in learning are called UEPs (Participatory Experimental Units) and become focal points for the dissemination of acquired knowledge in a growing spiral format.
Implemented as a pilot initiative in Goma (North Kivu province), the "Voices of Africa Project" was also taken to the capital Kinshasa and the province of Maniema. Regarding the results, by the end of 2013, the project had trained 60 Congolese teachers and technicians in agroecology and is estimated to have reached about 3,500 family farmers around Goma, Kinshasa, and Kindu. An agricultural cooperative of small-scale farmers (Cooperativa Agropastoril dos Grandes Lagos) was founded in Butembo (North Kivu province), and three radio stations were set up to broadcast educational programs in the province. In addition, the ULPGL started to develop university extension activities, focusing on agroecology and family farming.
Through university extension activities, the knowledge generated in the academy transcends borders, in a participatory dialogue with the communities, resulting in both the empowerment of the farmers and the consequent improvement of productivity, as well as the training of professionals more engaged with the realities found in the localities. The "Voices of Africa Project" is currently being replicated in Mozambique, in a partnership between UFLA and the Brazilian NGO Fraternidade Sem Fronteiras.
Brazilian Cooperation Agency of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil (ABC / MRE), UFLA and government of the DRC
On the Brazilian side: UFLA
On the Congolese side: ULPGL, INERA, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Ministry of Agriculture and NGO Women's Solidarity
Additional information about the solution:
Federal University of Lavras, Department of Engineering (DEG / UFLA)
Full Professor Voluntary Extensionist
As one of the most vulnerable nations to climate change, Rwanda is acutely aware of the challenges that lie ahead. For this reason, the country established a groundbreaking investment fund to support green projects that can realize Rwanda’s vision of becoming a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by 2050. The fund has created over 100,000 jobs and mobilized around US$100 million and is a leading example of climate financing for the achievement of the SDGs.
Landlocked in the heart of Africa, Rwanda looks like a tropical version of Switzerland. Conical mountains shrouded in equatorial jungles helped earn Rwanda the moniker of ‘Le Pays des Mille Collines’ (Land of a Thousand Hills). The country, left in ruins after the genocide in 1994, has rapidly rebuilt. Rwandans have used development aid effectively, and have left the horrific memories of the genocide behind. However, the fertile and flourishing lands of Rwanda are at risk. The growing population – expected to double over the next 20 years – is inevitably putting pressure on the soil, rivers and forests of a mostly rural economy. Adding to that are the threats of climate change. All estimates of the impact of climate change suggest that Africa will be hit the hardest. Climate change is already intensifying droughts and crippling the continent's vulnerable agricultural sector. The reality is that without a sustainable environment, the plans of economic development in Rwanda are at risk of failing. This has encouraged the government to consider a national priority.
Rwanda has set an ambitious – and extremely necessary – a vision to become a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by 2050.
To turn this vision into reality, the country established a groundbreaking environment and climate change investment fund. Locally known as Fonerwa, this green fund quickly became the largest of its kind in Africa.
The fund invests in initiatives that put the environment and climate change at the center of development. Today it supports 35 projects that are helping to restore watersheds, combat erosion, connect off-grid families to clean energy, and much more.
In 2017, the fund reached an impressive milestone: the creation of more than 100,000 jobs. The flexibility of the fund enables the provision of resources for all kinds and sizes of initiatives, and across all sectors of the society.
From a community-based system that harvests rainwater running off rooftops to a government-led e-waste management strategy, zero-carbon affordable housing, and a business-led 500 kW hydropower plant along the Gaseke River.
The fund is open for applications twice a year. A committee assesses all submitted proposals through a rigorous and transparent process. Projects must show their potential to contribute to the sustainable development ambition of the country.
The fund has mobilized around US$100 million to date. Most of this funding comes from central government revenue streams – including from environmental impact assessment, fines and fees – making the fund less volatile to external aid shocks.
The international community and the private sector also contributes to the fund’s capitalization. Rwanda’s green fund is a leading example of the impact that well-managed climate financing can have.
Malawi is already following Rwanda’s footsteps, and Tanzania and Zambia have also demonstrated interest in establishing green funds in their countries inspired by this successful experience. Rwanda may have just planted the seeds for Africa to grow greener.
UNDP, Global Green Growth Institute, Green Climate Fund, UK DFID, Development Bank of Rwanda, GIZ
Rwanda's Green Fund (FONERWA)
YouthConnekt sees itself as a convener, both physically and virtually, and as a catalyst of partnerships that seek to unleash the enormous potential in young people of all walks of life. The platform gives Youth a seat at the table. It connects young people to role models, resources, knowledge and skills, internships and employment opportunities, enabling them to participate in shaping a better future for themselves, Rwanda and the World at large.
In an increasingly globalized and digitalized world, young people are often the leading innovators. They therefore need to be equipped with the right skills and knowledge to take full advantage of the opportunities that their immediate environment offers for self-development and the advancement of their communities. Such opportunities often come disguised as challenges and it takes a positive attitude to transform them.
YouthConnekt is a platform that aims at creating peer-to-peer support amongst the youth and facilitating interactions between the youth and public, private, civil society and international organisations that work to promote youth's civic and socio-economic development.
The overall objective of YouthConnekt is to reduce unemployment among youth and promote active citizenship. It empowers the youth through Job creation, ICT innovations, Skills development, and Citizen Engagement. The YouthConnekt platform enables young women and men aged between 16-30 to connect with leaders, role models, peers, skills and resources to promote employment and entrepreneurship opportunities.
YouthConnekt enables youth to participate in shaping a better future for themselves, Rwanda and the World at large.
Goals of YouthConnekt:
UNDP, Ministry of Youth and ICT in Rwanda
UNDP, Ministry of Youth and ICT in Rwanda
Regional Anti-Corruption Advisor
Young people constitute the majority of the world’s population today. In 2015, a global figure of 1.2 billion aged 15-24 accounted for one out of every six people worldwide. By 2030, the target date for the Sustainable Development Goals, the number of youth is projected to have grown by 7 percent, to nearly 1.3 billion. This is indeed the largest youth cohort the world has ever seen.
However, the majority of young people living in developing countries struggle to attain basic needs in terms of education and training, gainful employment and sustainable livelihoods, health care services, as well as civil liberties and political participation. Without access to these basic needs, young people have no means to grow, establish families, support their offspring and fully contribute to society.
These social, economic and political needs are fundamental for improving young people’s lives, eradicating poverty and hunger and promoting well-being and more inclusive peaceful societies. The World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) clearly highlights the importance of these social issues as fundamental pillars for sound and effective youth social development. These social development issues have been repeatedly recognized and acknowledged by governments, as well as by young people and youth-led organizations, as important challenges facing the younger generations today. Therefore, peace, security and sustainable development can only be achieved by tackling the social, economic and political issues affecting young people in a holistic and integrated manner.
In 2016, Audacious Dreams Foundation (ADF), a social organization in India, came up with a new programme aimed to inspire, inform, engage, enable and empower youth for global understanding and sustainable development through volunteerism.
VIP (Volunteer-Innovate-Participate) is a programme to promote youth volunteerism for nation building and sustainable development by empowering themselves and community around through doing social innovations/contributions. The VIP promotes participatory learning through volunteerism and makes the young people from the local community to participate in the skills development (self) and community development (to others) by undertaking structured volunteer programme for up to 500 hours per year.
Objectives of the Project
The youth participants contribute for volunteer/social innovation for nation build according to their interest and opportunities through:
The participants take diversified project according to the needs of the community including but not limited to:
Achievements: Currently the program has benefited and empowered over 400 youth from India with leadership, interpersonal and project management skills.
Partners: The project is being implemented in collaboration with Indian Educational institutions and community leaders.
Budget: 25,000 USD to support 1000 volunteers to participate in one year programme
Audacious Dreams Foundation
Goodanagaram Road, Gudiyattam 632602
Vellore Dt, Tamilnadu India
An average of 750,000 cases of child deaths caused by pneumonia are reported every year in Africa. Many of those deaths caused by misdiagnosis, especially in the villages and remote areas, children get sick – and the first reaction is to treat them for malaria. Most people are aware of malaria, and the signs for malaria and pneumonia are very similar, so it is difficult for health professionals to differentiate.
In 2016, Brian Turyabagye, a co-founder of Mamaope Medicals, designed a biomedical smart jacket that would distinguish pneumonia’s symptoms – temperature, breathing rate and sound of the lungs – and eliminate most human error, diagnosing pneumonia in children aged under 5 years at a rate three to four times faster than a doctor. He named it “Mamaope”, or “mother’s hope” – a reference to the 27,000 children who die of pneumonia in Uganda every year.
The MamaOpe Jacket works in a simple way. Once a child patient puts it on, a health worker activates a controller unit. After the start button is clicked, the jacket tracks the vital signs of Pneumonia and displays the results after 3 minutes. This low-cost solution it makes the process of diagnosis way faster than the conventional ways currently in use, such as that require a stethoscope may require five or more minutes.
The benefits of the medical smart jacket are to prevent recurring cases of pneumonia misdiagnosis. Since November 2017, the jacket has been tested in Uganda. So far, Mamaope is being rollout to some of the major hospitals in Uganda and it’s expected to benefit over 50,000 citizens annually who has been victims of Pneumonia.
The team built test jackets and these are currently being approved for market. Mamaope Medicals also intends to develop the solution further in order to make possible a long distance monitoring of patients by their doctors.
The solution was voted the winner for Pitch@Palace Africa 2017 and ranked by CNN among the 12 African innovations that will change the world.
Partners: The project has been single handedly funded by Resilient African Network(RAN) but any additional support from the well wiser for scale out would highly be appreciated.
Budget: USD 100,000 use for marketing and production.
Mr. Brian Turyabagye Co-Founder, Mamaope Medicals
In response to the high unemployment rate and poverty level among the youth in Uganda the Government of Uganda launched the Youth Livelihood Programme (YLP). YLP is a Rolling Programme, that started in 2013, ending in 2018 targeting poor and unemployed youth (18-30 years) to harness their social-economic potential and increase self-employment opportunities and income levels.
The Programme is being implemented under the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development in collaboration with Local Governments and covers all the present 122 districts (including Kampala City) and 41 Municipalities. The design and implementation of the Programme is based on the Community Demand-driven Development (CDD) model. The youth receive the support in form of Revolving Funds advanced through Youth Interest Groups (YIGs).
The program is structured and mainstreamed at the national and Local Government levels where the Local Governments are responsible for mobilization & sensitization, beneficiary selection, facilitate projects preparation, appraisal and approval of projects, monitoring and supervision.
The Ministry provides the technical guidelines, support capacity building, financing, and overall coordination. And the support is provided by Youth Interest Groups (YIGs) of 10-15 persons in form of Revolving Funds (Soft Loans-with youth friendly terms).
The target groups include the following vulnerable categories of youth: Drop-outs from schools and training institutions, Youth living in slums, city streets, high risk and impoverished communities, Youth who have not had the opportunity to attend formal education, Single parent-youth, Youth with disability, Youth Living with HIV/AIDS and Youth who have completed secondary school or tertiary institutions (including University) but remain unemployed.
Under YLP, majority of the beneficiaries are school dropouts (34.6%), followed by those who have only completed primary education (19.6%). 2.8% of the beneficiaries are youths with disabilities.
The Program consists of the following components:
Achievements: The total amount repaid as at January 12, 2018, was UShs. 15.249 Billion, [representing 67 % of the UShs. 22.903 Billion that is due to-date]. 112 groups have to date fully paid up (100% Repayment).
The Programme in December 2017 commenced the process of revolving the funds recovered to various Districts and Municipal Councils. To date, 703 projects worth USHs. 6.269 Billion have been funded under the revolving funds. This is benefiting 8,112 youth.
Partners: local governments and municipalities.
Budget: It is financed initially from Government own resources (with a possibility of development partners’ support in the future). The programme has received a cumulative release of USh. 132,423,537,300 ( of the initial 265 Billion.
Ms Dianah Naturinda Makobore, Program Manager
The mechanism documents the study and exchange of experiences between Mauritania and Burkina Faso on the management of the National Volunteer Program to draw on Burkina's experience on its implementation and its institutional anchoring in order to implement in place of a National Volunteer Program of Mauritania (PNVM).
In contexts where a large portion of the population is under 20 years of age and limited access to formal employment, as is the case in Burkina Faso and Mauritania, it is important to create opportunities to capitalize on this resource. underutilized human. The volunteer program (PNVB) has the potential to develop human resources, contribute to youth employment and be consistent with the fight against unemployment and poverty.
The aim is to engage qualified young volunteers, enabling them to contribute to the development of the nation as well as to gain experience that would increase their job chances.
The Public Interest Group - National Volunteer Program in Burkina Faso was set up in 2006 with the mission to promote, promote and develop all forms of voluntary engagement According to the United Nations Volunteer Program (UNVP) ), since its creation, the Burkina Faso National Volunteer Program has recruited 25,000 volunteers and contributed to the formulation of the 2008 Volunteer Law, and intervenes in the thirteen regions of Burkina Faso through Regional Volunteer Centers ( CRVs) hosted by civil society organizations. This experience inspired Mauritania to undertake a similar program.
A Mauritanian delegation arrived in Burkina Faso in 2014 to inquire about Burkina Faso's experience in creating and managing a national volunteer program. The delegation had discussions with a number of stakeholders including officials and technical partners of GIP-PNVB (UNV, France Volunteers, etc.). She also visited the authorities of the Ministry in charge of youth of Burkina Faso (ministry of technical supervision). The delegation, with the support of the GIP-PNVB, visited two Regional Volunteer Centers (CRV): the CRV Center West Koudougou, and the North based in Yako. A visit of the reception structure and national volunteers on mission closed the visits.
The National Volunteer Program in Mauritania was launched in January 2014. The study visit to Burkina Faso made it possible to better understand the functioning of the structures created, to appropriate the tools developed and to draw lessons from the difficulties encountered in order to strengthen the program.
Provider country: Burkino Faso
Supported by: PNUD
National Volunteer Program of Mauritania
UN Volunteer Program Officer
Fisheries and aquaculture play an important role in socio-economic terms and as a source of food. However, over the years there has not been any stable progress in increasing the production levels of fisheries. In 1988, fishery production reached 102 tonnes, but declined in the 1990s, and then slowly returned back to the same production level of 102 tonnes in 2004. It was not until the last two years that the annual fisheries catch reached 110 tonnes. Annual per capita consumption followed the same trend (from 13.5 kg in 1988 it fell to 8.5 in 1990, rising again in recent years to 9.5 kg) with a very skewed regional breakdown, due to the fact that annual per capita consumption in the interior regions is below 1.5 kg.
A way to combat this challenge is to consider marine aquaculture spatial planning, which consists of the identification of suitable areas (onshore, offshore and inshore) to exercise activity in marine aquaculture. The aquaculture activity encompasses shellfish farming, seaweed farming, and fish farming. It is implemented through the setting up of aquaculture development spatial plans that identify, in addition to favorable areas, potential species and their appropriate farming/culture techniques.
The methodology adopted for the realization of the aquaculture plans was initiated in 2013 as part of the first plan carried out at the level of the bay of Dakhla until Cintra Bay (Region of Dakhla-Oued Eddahab). This methodology has its particularity in applying a progressive selection approach, which takes into account all the technical, environmental and administrative parameters, in identifying the most conducive areas to the exercise of sustainable aquaculture that respects the environment. This approach has also allowed the organization of the aquaculture sector at national level, through the provision of turn-key projects to potential investors as part of calls for expression of interest. Moroccan public institution in charge of the development of this sector relies both on a detailed diagnosis and an in-depth analysis of a set of administrative, legal, environmental, technical and socio-economic feasibility criteria, and on a participatory approach involving all the actors of the territory concerned by marine and coastal spatial planning.
In order to ensure the sustainability of aquaculture activity, several environmental integration instruments are taken into account, from the planning and selection sites phase to the operational phase. The study of the carrying capacity consists in the assessment of the capacity of the receiving environment to host aquaculture projects, it is illustrated by the physical, productive, ecological and social load capacity, and this ensures the sustainability of the activity and the receiving environment.
The overall environmental impact assessment for an aquaculture management plan is useful in that it allows the cumulative impacts generated by the multitude of projects located in a given area to be calculated and assessed and to present mitigation measures adapted accordingly, unlike isolated environmental impact studies, which are specific to each individual project and do not allow this exercise to take place. These tools are multi-form and apply at different levels such as : i) Study of carrying capacities during the site selection phase, ii) Realization of Environmental Impact studies focusing on negative significant impacts of aquaculture and also the positive impacts of this activity, which result in the proposal of effective mitigation and enhancement measures (iii) Environmental and Social Management Plans, necessary for environmental and social monitoring of aquaculture plans.
Aquaculture plans have assessed the real aquaculture potential of the national coastline, based on reliable data and knowledge of the marine environment, and that, after analyzing all forms of current and future activities, uses, and occupations. The participatory planning approach adopted by ANDA, involving all local, regional and central actors concerned by maritime and land coastal area, constitutes an anticipation of sectoral integration allowing the optimization and the harmonization of the use of coastal areas while enhancing the assets of the coastal ecosystem.
Owing to the new methodology applied the following outcomes were achieved:
This solution also provides potential investors with areas studied at all levels, exempting them from these expensive studies and also avoiding their anarchic installation and enabling the local populations at the selected sites to benefit from artisanal aquaculture projects planned within the framework of cooperatives, in order to improve the living conditions of these populations. It also a reason for the creation of wealth and provides direct and indirect jobs and regional socio-economic growth. It is also interesting to note that the protection of the marine environment is also among the important impact of the solution.
Overall, the aquaculture plans enabled the establishment of an exhaustive and a consolidated mapping database, which served as a tool for the location and the planning of the activity. They also assist in monitoring and providing investors with turnkey projects, as well as suitable areas to host productive and sustainable aquaculture activity. As a consequence, this mapping database on the environment allows investors to better plan and design their projects, which in turn will assist in increasing fishery production levels over the coming years.
Budget: $1,8 million
National Aquaculture Development Agency
+212 538 099 700
Based on the Brazilian policy and practice of implementing milk banks (BLH), initiated by the Ministry of Health and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) in the 1980s, a Global Network of Human Milk Banks (rBLH) is an initiative that aims to expand a communication of knowledge and technologies aimed at food and nutritional security of newborns and infants, having the right to health as a central value. (ABC), with no intention of transferring to the implementation of its own resources, for the implementation of its own resources. human milk banks (in particular, Angola, Cape Verde and Mozambique became part of the RBLH as of 2010). Once companies are successful, what is what is a horizontal work plan, which is a horizontal set.
(7,000 a day) died in 2016, (nearly 7 months a day) died in 2016, (nearly 7 months a day) died in 2016, which is 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, only ten Sub-Saharan African countries have partially achieved the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality by 2015.
With the mission of supporting or breastfeeding, and collecting, processing, evaluating, stocking and distributing human milk, BLHs can be created with simple and inexpensive technology, assembled in real resources, in relatively short time. In addition to its important contribution to increasing infant breastfeeding rates and neonatal health improvements, the HMB generates evidence to improve as public policies related to health. The Brazilian experience shows that HBs are an effective way to increase the survival of babies with problems (mainly premature babies) and to reduce neonatal mortality (as indicated by a rate drop of more than 70% between 1990 and 2012).
A South-South bank for the implementation of an HBL involves professional qualification, provision of specialized equipment and adequacy of physical facilities. The training of health and education and the management and information in BLH) and the accomplishment of internships (in the areas of Assistance to women in the process of breastfeeding, Communication, and information, among others). Together, an ABC and Fiocruz support technical and financial, which is an installation and qualification of milk banks in various parts of the world, through the sharing of experiences, knowledge and technologies and strengthening of local capacities, respecting the different socioeconomic and cultural contexts. This version has a long list of corrections, changes, and new developments that significantly improve functioning.
RBLH plays a central role in promoting the implementation of milk banks in the countries that are integrated by carrying out activities such as workshops and workshops and by encouraging the sharing of technical and scientific documents. Examples of such initiatives are a youtube channel with Educational VIDEOS, a distance learning platform and the Young Researchers Award involved in the rBLH.
The creation and / or strengthening of HMB in African countries is essential for the strengthening of their national health systems. The first African BLH unit was installed at the Agostinho Neto Hospital in Praia (Cape Verde) in 2011, involving a training of 96 technicians. In its first year of operation, a local team found a 50% reduction in newborn deaths; between 2011 and 2016 2,500 babies were breastfed and 17,499 women were breastfed. The project for a new Cape Verdean unit on the island of São Vicente is under discussion. The second unit of African BLH is in the phase of implantation, not Maputo Central Hospital (Mozambique), with the beginning of the activities scheduled for the first half of 2018. In turn, the first Angolan BLH to enter into operation at the Lucrécia Paim Maternity in Luanda. The other Lusophone African countries and Timor-Leste should also join the RBLH, as envisaged by the creation in October 2017 of the BLH Network of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).
Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and ministries of health of Brazil and the countries participating in RBLH
Fiocruz / Ministry of Health, through its units: the National Institute of Health of Women, Children and Adolescents Fernandes Figueira (IFF) and the Institute of Communication and Scientific and Technological Information in Health (ICICT)
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz / Ministry of Health)
João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida
Coordinator of the Global Network of Human Milk Banks (rBLH)
Implemented between 2008 and 2011 by the then Human Rights Secretariat (currently the Brazilian Ministry of Human Rights), the project "Support in the formulation and monitoring of the National Program for the Universalization of Birth Records in Guinea-Bissau" aimed at strengthening the Ministry of Justice for the elaboration and execution of a national policy of coping with civil birth registration.
Guinea Bissau is one of the least developed countries and has one of the world's highest infant mortality rates of five years (88 per 1,000). With a high growth rate (about 2.5%), Guinean population is predominantly young (42% of inhabitants are under 15). The majority of the population depends on subsistence farming to ensure their livelihood and lives in areas where schools, markets and health posts are not easily accessible. The road network is very limited and electricity, which exists only in the cities, is scarce.
Civil birth registration (RCN) is a right for all children and the first step towards access to other rights and public services, and for the full exercise of citizenship. The RCN allows the State to know how many are and where the individuals were born, favoring the development of public policies to serve citizens. The provision of legal identity for all (including birth registration) by 2030 is one of the internationally agreed specific goals associated with ODS 16. Despite the importance of the CRC, only 39% of children are registered in Guinea Bissau, according to with UNICEF. Underreporting is a challenge to the protection of Guinean children, and its main causes are the concentration of registration services, the low capillarity of the registries (registry offices), the difficulty of access to services and the collection of high fees for obtaining the RCN. Several attempts to remedy the problem in the country had been undertaken by the Government, through the Ministry of Justice, without however achieving results of impact.
In 2008, the Ministry of Justice of Guinea-Bissau requested the support of the then Secretariat of Human Rights (attached to the Presidency of the Republic of Brazil) to confront the civil sub-registration of birth in your country.
In Brazil, the strategy of eradicating civil under-registration at birth allowed the under-registration index to increase from 20.9% in 2002 to 6.6% in 2010. It was based on the National Mobilization for the RCN and the National Plan for the RCN, with actions involving states and municipalities. Launched in 2004, the National Plan for RCN is based on shared management and articulation between government spheres, the legislative and judicial branches, international organizations and NGOs, and is structured around the following axes:
Considering the similarities between the Brazilian and Guinean contexts, this South-South cooperation project sought to replicate the successful Brazilian experience, adapting it to the particularities of Guinea-Bissau. The strategies adopted included, among others, the expansion of the civil registry service network (with the expansion of conservatories and the structuring of itinerant services and maternity hospitals), as well as communication and training of mobilization agents. The activities and results of the project mainly included:
On the Brazilian side: Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and Ministry of Human Rights
On the Guinean side: Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Human Rights of Brazil
Ministry of Human Rights
Thiago de Almeida Garcia
Coordinator-General for the Promotion of Birth Registration, National Secretariat for Citizenship
This project sought to respond to the problem of the exclusion of the formal secondary education system in Cape Verde, which leaves many young people lacking in skills and competences, and hinders their capacity to integrate the labor market, placing them at the margins of society and fostering juvenile delinquency. Based on the experience of the Brazilian NGO AfroReggae in some of the most violent favelas in Rio de Janeiro and in other countries, the project has developed a series of initiatives aimed at investing in the potential of disadvantaged children in three pilot neighborhoods of Praia. education, culture and art to environments marked by urban violence.
The population of Cape Verde is mostly urban (urban centers concentrate 62% of the population) and young (with an average age of 26.2 years). About 192,000 children and adolescents between 0 and 17 years old (corresponding to almost 40% of the population) live in the archipelago. Although basic education is practically universal in Cape Verde, with the great majority of students enrolled in public schools, secondary education continues to be one of the challenges for education in the country. Despite the strong expansion of secondary education between 2001 and 2009, school drop-out rates remain very high, particularly for students over the age of 14 from disadvantaged social classes. The fact that the secondary study is not gratuitous and tends to be perceived by the families as an expense and not as an investment favors the exit of the adolescents from school before the end of the secondary level, some looking for work (although of precarious nature), others looking for easy money in less desirable activities. It is estimated that in every five 17-year-olds two are out of school.
The official unemployment rate in the country was 16.8% in 2012, being highest in the urban area (19.1%). With a rate of about 21%, young people aged 15-24 are the hardest hit by unemployment. This situation in which the urban and youth segments of the population are the most affected contributes to the perpetuation of the cycles of poverty, with a potentially significant impact on school drop-out, migration and street violence, one of the problems that have been growing strongly in the last years.
In addition to unemployment and low schooling levels of youth, several other factors have been advanced as possible causes of the emergence of street gangs and the increase in urban violence in Cape Verde, in particular: the growth of social inequality among the layers of society; the expansion of the supply of consumer products and the low purchasing power of the vast majority of young people; and the process of urbanization without planning, leading to the expansion of peripheral informal neighborhoods without adequate equipment in terms of basic services.
In the environment of the marginalized neighborhoods of Praia (a city that concentrates half the urban population of the country), there is a deficit in the articulation between civil society movements and public policies, dependence on financing, especially international, for the survival of the actions of development, embryonic network of cooperation among social movements, and lack of access to information on existing public policies directed to the low-income population, mainly related to youth and education. This limits the coordinated access of young people to social services, education (secondary - especially technical and vocational - and higher) and employment opportunities.
The project for the Promotion of Social Inclusion of Young People through Culture was implemented in the Cape Verdean capital between 2013 and 2015, with the general objective of combating school evasion and social precariousness, and promoting the social participation of young people. Funded in part by revenues collected through the "Football Match Against Poverty", organized in Brazil by UNDP in December 2012, the project aimed to provide young people who are victims or at risk of social exclusion with alternative, viable and beneficial life paths for the society, through the promotion of cultural and artistic manifestations, reconciliation with the school universe, approaching the labor market and the development of social skills.
Through the transfer, with appropriate adaptations, of the social technology of the NGO AfroReggae, agents from four local organizations were trained in three districts of Praia to work in mobilization networks aimed at: return of evaders to school education; the strengthening of cultural and educational policy; and the development of debates that contribute to improving the quality of life of disadvantaged young people and to positive changes in their lives.
The project promoted cultural and artistic workshops as strategies to combat violence and social mobilization in favor of inclusion, integrating and training 70 young local multipliers in cultural expressions (such as circus, music, percussion, theater and graphite) in order to continuity to the initiative after its formal implementation period and to extend it beyond the three pilot communities initially focused. Through research involving the application of UNDP's Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) methodology, the project also included the social monitoring of the families of at-risk youth, in order to direct them to existing public policies and improve their access to public services and basic rights.
The project was recognized as the fourth most innovative of 54 initiatives evaluated on the African continent within the framework of the "Innovation Knowledge Fair", organized by UNDP in December 2013.
UNDP, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
On the Brazilian side: AfroReggae
On the Cape Verde side: Ministry of Youth, Employment and Human Resources Development, and four local organizations: Association of Disabled Children (ACRIDES), Zé Moniz Association, Current Activists and Hope Foundation
Joint UNDP, UNFPA and UNICEF Office
Head of the Human Capital Development Unit
The bilateral cooperation project Escola de Todos aims to strengthen Cape Verde's education system in relation to inclusion, with the training of teachers for the care of students with disabilities and special educational needs (SEN), the development of support documents for the elaboration of a national policy of inclusive education and provision of specialized spaces for complementary educational activities with these children. Implemented by the Brazilian and Cape Verdean ministries of education in partnership with the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM, Brazil), the initiative seeks to offer children and young people with SEN with the same quality as the other students in the country.
UNESCO has promoted as an international goal the provision of access to quality education for all people, regardless of factors such as gender, ethnicity and disability. Although there is no precise data, UNESCO estimates that 5% of the world's children are disabled, with about 80% of them living in developing countries. At the same time, children with special educational needs (such as intellectual impairment, visual impairment or deafness) are less likely to complete basic education. This has negative individual and collective repercussions, in particular social exclusion and the feeding of a vicious circle around poverty. There is thus a need for inclusive education that promotes greater autonomy for children with disabilities, with their integration into traditional school systems. This orientation requires additional resources, both in terms of teachers with specialized training and access to adapted teaching materials.
Following the perspective advocated by UNESCO, Cape Verde has developed initiatives in the area of special inclusive education, including the drawing up of specific plans which include the training of teachers in SEN. According to the 2000 census, 3% of the population living in Cape Verde has some type of disability, and 2001 and 2002 surveys identified about 1,000 children with SEN enrolled in the country's schools (being visual impairment and deafness the most frequent cases ). However, the number of teachers and technicians trained to deal with this audience was therefore insufficient to meet demand.
In all, about 300 teachers from Cape Verde's primary and secondary schools have already been covered by the program, as well as 50 teachers trained in specialized educational services, 40 multiplier teachers in transcription and adaptation of Braille material, and 4 multiplier teachers in deafblindness and assistive technology.
The School of All project, in a similar format, was also developed in Angola between 2008 and 2015, with the support of the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
Supported by: Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC)
Agency of implementation:
On the Brazilian side: Ministry of Education and UFSM
On the Cape Verdean side: Ministry of Education, Directorate General for Basic and Secondary Education (DGEBS / ME)
Federal University of Santa Maria, Education Center (CE / UFSM)
Ana Cláudia Oliveira Pavão, Project Coordinating Teacher