Tuesday, 28 March 2017 19:03

Food safety is becoming increasingly important. One of the solutions to fight against food forgery is the DNA analysis aimed at identifying the origin of meat even in a processed form.

The solution is a result of the consortium`s project, which was set up for the research on the methodology of meat DNA testing in 2014-2015. Consortium consists of six members: three research institutes (Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ÁTK); Central Food Research Institute (KÉKI); Agricultural Biotechnology Center (MBK), two enterprises dealing with biotechnology (Biomi Ltd, WESSLING Hungary Ltd.) and Olmos and Tóth Ltd, an enterprise concerning animal production.

The objectives of project were to work out a diagnostic methodology in order to help:

  • Follow-up and identify the product made from “Mangalica” pig (the first experiments were carried out on Mangalica pigs;
  • Unveil the forgeries of food products;
  • Ensure the clarification of the food law background and protection of “Mangalica” product;
  • Set up a databank of DNA and body tissue to ensure the maintenance of the breed and the production of high quality meat products;
  • Create a database to follow-up the genetic properties.
  • The process of DNA-analysis by specific markers includes sampling the meat (processed meat too) to investigate its origin. DNA analysing methods are getting cheaper today, and so costs of the control procedures are decreasing.

The methodology is based on a Mangalica-specific sequence examined and owned by Hungary and uses two approaches:

  1. One approach is to use QPCR method in laboratory environment. It requires sample collection and transfer to the lab. Results are given as percentage ratio of Mangalica even in mixed products (e.g. sausage or liver pate). The specific sequence is not available in the literature. This method requires one Mangalica specific primer pair with a probe, and one pig specific primer pair with a probe. For reliability reasons at least three parallel reactions are required. Sample processing might require a few hours. Price per sample is around 10 EUR.
  2. Another approach is to use specific sequence on the spot (laboratory or well trained staff are not required). Results are given as a "Yes” or "No” answer to the question: "Does a given product contain Mangalica meat?” Sample processing is extremely simple. This method is described in the literature.

Approaches require different equipment:

  • QPCR machine, usually not portable. Sample preparation takes at least 1-2 hours. Reaction time is around two hours. Simplest QPCR is available from 3000 EUR.
  • Fast quantitative test with portable minilab (TwirlaTM). Sample preparation takes 15-20 minutes. Reaction time is around 20 minutes, followed by a 5-minute detection on a test strip. (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12161-015-0261-0). Price is around 300 EUR. This test requires test strips and isothermal amplification kit (TwistDx Company) and specific primer-probe set. Price per sample is around 10 EUR.
  • Equipment: TwistaTM: Sample preparation is from 3 minutes to 1-2 hours. Reaction time is around 10 minutes. Price is around 250 EUR. The technology can be developed on other domestic animal breeds too.

The main impact of the solutions is rise of quality and reliability of products. It can stabilize a market of those special products where breed is important as a “base material”. The solution elaborated in every detail can serve as a standardized methodology for the official control to check sold meat products.

Partners: Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ÁTK) (as main implementor); Central Food Research Institute (KÉKI); Agricultural Biotechnology Center (MBK), Biomi Ltd, WESSLING Hungary Ltd., Olmos and Tóth Ltd.

Contact information:
Hungary Ministry of Agriculture
Tamas Szobolevszki, Head of the Animal Breeding Unit:
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
National Agricultural and Innovation Centre:
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Saturday, 05 December 2015 18:39

The Hungarian National Rural Network (HNRN) is an umbrella network of private and public networks, such as the Agricultural and Rural Development Advisory Networks and the Network of Independent Civil Actors and other organizations involved in the rural development. The Network was created to organize all the actors, i.e. government, local government, civil society, business organizations and professional bodies) for better cooperation between them and coordination of their activities, to build practice-oriented inter-regional and international relations, and to represent the Hungarian national interests and values.

The primary goal of the HNRN is to support the implementation of the Hungarian Rural Development Programme, and to focus on increasing the social integration and economic development of rural areas.

The main tasks of the HNRN are:

  • To develop and enhance channels of communication through information activities;
  • Exchange of experiences and methodology to stimulate dialogue and improve the overall performance and success of the Rural Development Programme (RDP) at the local, regional, national, and international levels.

The solution focus on the exchange of experiences and know-how, the dissemination of best practices, the provision of trainings for rural actors, the organisation of studies and conferences, the support for inter-territorial and transnational cooperation and the provision of information development opportunities.

Network services are provided by the Permanent Secretariat with the support of the Ministry of Rural Development.

The network’s qualitative target is to deliver useful and maintainable services, including regular newsletters and invitations for rural trainings and professional conferences from the network managements, thereby reaching as many rural stakeholders as possible through network registration. Registration for membership is open to anyone involved or interested in agriculture and rural development. There is no membership fee and no obligations arise from registration.

Contact information: 
Hungary 
Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary 
Department for Agricultural Development 

Contact person: Mátyás Szabó 
Chief of Department 
Telephone: (+361) 7953570
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

Saturday, 03 December 2016 18:28

Girdling, as practiced in commercial vineyards, consists of the removal of a ring of bark from 3 to 6 mm wide entirely around a selected trunk, cordon, or cane of the vine to: (1) hasten maturity; (2) aid uniform berry coloring; (3) increase the size of berries and clusters; and (4) improve berry set or increase the number of berries in a cluster. Previously, only seedless varieties were subject to or recommended for girdling elsewhere in the world.

The solution offers application of the girdling technique for seeded grape varieties which distinguishes it from previous efforts. The solution was tested and implemented by the DAI Global, LLC in Uzbekistan while promoting girdling in Uzbekistan since 2013.

When girdled the energy flow generated in leaves is temporarily redirected toward clusters and berries resulting in earlier ripening time, increased berry and bunch size, and better coloring. Grapevine girdling only requires a 3 to 6 mm girdling knife. Girdling knives have two blades spaced 3-6 mm and cost between $15-30.  Grapevines can also be girdled using a regular knife through two separate cuts but require greater mastery of the technique.

The experiment held from 2013-16 confirmed girdling’s impact on early ripening seeded table grape varieties. Berries increased in size by 10 to 30 percent, ripened 15 to 30 days earlier, and exhibited better uniform coloration in the local seeded varieties (red Vitis Vinifera Rizamat and Vitis Vinifera Andijon Qora). The optimal time to apply girdling is the period post- bloom until the start of berry coloring. It is recommended to apply this technique on mature producing grapevines (at least 4 to 5 years old).

In Uzbekistan, girdling enabled early ripening which contributed to higher incomes through early sales of the girdled grapes obtaining prices between 50 to 100% higher than the regular ripening period. In addition, berry coloring was more uniform on girdled vines. Girdling of seedless and seeded grapes enables early and extended supply of highly demanded varieties of grapes for both local and export markets.

Partners: “Dolanalik Bogbon Mevasi” farm enterprise in Andijan Province; “Azizbek AXA” in Fergana Province; the Andijan Agricultural Institute; USAID’s program in Uzbekistan.

Contact information:
Representative Office of Development Alternatives Inc. in Uzbekistan,
Address: 104A Kichik Beshagach Street, Tashkent
Contact person: Gholibjon Mahmudov
Telephone: +998 87 701 7502
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Wednesday, 17 May 2017 14:30

In order to reduce the water pollution caused by trout farms Turkey has been implementing the water quality improvement program since 2012. As part of it, the General directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock introduced effluent management (treatment), to prevent the potentially negative effects of trout farm and conflicts with other users, especially in places where fish farms have to be considered as point-source polluters. The use of drum filters for the effluent treatment in trout farms in Eşen Region, Muğla, Turkey was made compulsory by the government.

To pilot the solution fish farms were selected in Eşen Stream area, Ören Town, Seydikemer, Muğla. This region has a particular significance because a number of fish farms are located very close to each other on one river and the farms discharges are also very close to one another. Therefore waste removal through final treatment facilities (e.g. screen filters) is needed to allow the water to be used by the multiple users. A total 10 drum filters were set up water at the outlet water of the farms to evaluate the effectiveness of the filters over one-year period.

The evaluation results showed that micro-screen rotary drum filters with a mesh size of 200 µm achieved a removal efficiency of average 28% and 48% for total and farm-derived suspended solids, respectively, in flow-through aquaculture farm effluents with high inflow rates.

The implementation of the solution also positively affected relations between users of the water resources, such as fish farmers, agricultural farmers and local environment agencies that was formalized in an agreement.  

Budget: There is a requirement of one drum filter per 250 ton fish production and its cost is 20.000 USD when the outflow rate of 1 m3/sec is considered.

Partners: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey, Muğla Rainbow Trout Aquaculture, Mediterranean Fisheries Research and Training Institute

Contact information:
Mediterranean Fisheries Research and Training Institute
Name and title: Dr. Mehmet Ali Turan KOÇER (Fisheries Engineer)
Telephone: +90 242 251 0587
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Monday, 30 November 2015 14:13

The project focused on local food market formation through marketing environmentally safe (green) products made by private farms for people who care about their health and think about as they consumed foodstuffs. The aim of the project is to link consumers and producers of environmentally safe products. The main initiators of the project were consumers – a young Minsk family that started with satisfying their own needs for environmentally safe products. After studying foreign experience, initiators of the project started its implementation. They began collecting all necessary information to choose suppliers. The project started in 2012, and represents the pioneer initiative in the area of organic food marketing in Minsk region of Belarus. 

The lack of clear regulations regarding ecological food, forced to develop their own ones: so, a farmer who is involved in agriculture, should not use chemicals to protect products - herbicides, pesticides and inorganic fertilizers; those involved in animal husbandry should not use feed, at least purchased from outside the farm. All these regulations, however, closely refer to and correlate with organic agriculture practice performed in European countries. Now the project is cooperating with 15 farmers, and is actively searching for new suppliers. The customers: consumers of environmentally friendly products are most often young families with small children who are primarily interested in high-quality food products that are needed for harmonious growth and development of children. Recently, however, more and more people of older generations become project clients. People with health problems, such as allergies to pesticides, are also among the customers of the project. 

Customers, who are mostly people with small children, were found through social networks and Internet, as well as by the means of the so-called “word of mouth” advertising. Managers collect orders through online web-site and then organize delivery. In Belarus both customers and environmentally friendly agricultural producers are not widely spread, and now delivery is only once a week. 

Impact of Solution:

The project implementation results in thousands of Minsk residents receiving environmentally friendly products every week. The basic principle of the project is openness. The project provides details about the farmers that offer products. Each farmer’s webpage contains a story about its activities and products. Farmers, alongside with the organization bear responsibility for quality. In case of no satisfaction with the product, the customer is getting the money back. 

Benefits for producers and consumers involved in this local food market: 

  • Producers operating in the project increase their profit through having direct sales channel for their products, whereas previously they could only sell it through their usual channels, and their products were mixed and blended with the whole mass of products. In this project, they are individualized, products are sold under the name and are green labeled;
  • Producers communicate with like-minded people, gain new knowledge, there are certain types of support offered and provided to environmentally friendly producers;
  • Consumers get healthy foodstuffs, know conditions of the producer and the technology used to make it. In addition, the products are delivered to the door as it is convenient for families with small children. 

Similar initiatives could be implemented in other countries. To succeed it is necessary: 

  • to have comprehensive development and a link “consumer-producer of green-labeled” products;
  • to form an initiative group that would be ready to overcome difficulties of the launch period;
  • to determine in what form the project would run, and what tools will be used to promote products (a web site, direct sales, specialized shops, sections in department stores and others);
  • to have information support for the project 

Initially, the project involved only one family, however, with time as the number of users has been constantly increasing, and the number of farmers and their geography expanded considerably. 

Solution budget 

US$ 10,000 (a car; means to rent premises, procurement of containers and moderate working capital). Joint efforts resulted in creation of a website - ecaeja.by – major trading facility of the project. 

Contact information 
LLC ‘Ecaeja’ 09.2015 
Tel: + 375 29 7724412; + 375 29 5162281 
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Thursday, 25 June 2015 14:05

Traceability and value chain solutions have been introduced to the Egyptian agro-industries since 2004 with the support of UNDO. The aim is to strengthen agricultural value chains and ensure that, in terms of quality, safety and traceability, Egyptian food products are safe for consumption and do not encounter barriers to trade. 

The solution offers the followings:

  1. Upgrading supply chains in response to local and international market demand through enhancing competitiveness, productivity, and compliance with. international standards and traceability requirements.
  2. Introducing integrated solutions to reduce post-harvest losses and improve cost efficiency throughout the supply chain.
  3. Upgrading supply capacity by promoting group and contract farming and enhancing demand and supply linkages.
  4. Improving competencies of human resources throughout the supply chain by providing customized qualification programs and supporting educational institutions to meet business demand.
  5. Strengthening export potential of the agro-industrial sector by enhancing compliance with quality specifications and environmental requirements.
  6. Exchanging experience and knowledge at the regional level on traceability and related standards, and transferring advanced technologies in the agro-industrial field.

By securing exports in compliance with international standards the traceability system improves working conditions for workers and achieves safer jobs. 

The actions taken have raised awareness on value chain approaches and built the capacity of agro-industry actors through the trainings and technical assistance in implementing traceability systems, starting from simple paper-based systems to complex software assisted ones. In addition, the system has developed local software with better customization in terms of environment and language which was transferred to several other countries in the Arab region and beyond it, such as Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, Ghana, India, Vietnam, Moldova and South Africa. 

Partners: UNIDO Egypt, Ministry of Trade and Industry and Ministry of Agriculture

Contact details: 
UNIDO Regional Office in Egypt
2, Latin America Street, Garden City, Cairo - Egypt 
Alaa Fahmy, National Programme Officer
Tel. + (202) 227943477
Mob. +20 (0)1000397575
Fax + (20 2) 27921199 
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states 

The S and T programme focuses on cooperation for knowledge and technology transfer and partnership in scientific research among member countries. It promotes and encourages the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge through activities such as short-term assignments of experts, exchange of scientists, networking amongst associations of scientists, organization of on-the-job training courses as well as conferences. The activities financed under  the S and T are based on a South-South approach aiming at transferring proven technologies among the member countries and at contributing to capacity development. Specifically, the objectives of the S and T Programme are two-fold:

  1. To promote human and institutional capacity enhancement
  2. To acquire and disseminate knowledge related to the field of science and technology

Modalities and Procedures

To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country. As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, S and Tutilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme.

  1. Exchange of Scientists between centres of excellence A trilateral cooperation is established between an advanced centre in a given field, one or more less advanced counterpart centres in the same field with IDB as a facilitator.
  2. Recruitment of Experts The experts are recruited to help IDB member countries to prepare a specific scientific study or  to provide advisory services for capacity building purposes. The transfer of knowledge and know  how of the expert to the member countries is a key feature of the programme, which complements the capacity building efforts of the beneficiary in the desired scientific field. In this regard, the beneficiary country must specify its needs and the desired assignment in details to be undertaken by the experts. In addition to the nature and tasks to be performed under the assignment, a definite period for execution of the assignment should also be stipulated, while taking into account that the maximum period for an expert`s assignment is six months.
  3. Provision of On-the-Job Training (OJT) OJT vehicle aims to augment the skills and enrich the experience and know-how in science and technology of technical and professional staff. It consists of the two main types, namely Formal Training and Study and Familiarization Visits.
    • Formal Training
      Training courses are organized for the middle management and technical officials in public or private organizations in order to upgrade their skills and knowledge and improve proficiency in their performance.For the organization of training courses, the beneficiary institution/country must recommend candidates for short-term training (maximum 4 months) and it must ensure to prepare clear justifications highlighting their needs and the area in which they would like to enhance their knowledge and expertise.
    • Study and Familiarization Visits
      These visits are targeting the senior-level officials at the level of heads of ministries, organizations and departments with the objective of acquainting them with the activities and structure of similar institutions/ industries of other member countries and helping them in enriching their experience and knowledge.
  4. Organization of Workshops and Seminar Seminars and workshops provide the beneficiary countries with the opportunity to exchange experiences on a specific science-related subject and, hence enhancing their knowledge and understanding of that subject. Therefore, this sort of events plays a crucial role in disseminating knowledge on science and technology between the relevant institutions from member countries. In addition to this, seminars and workshops facilitate the networking among members in scientific institutions. For the workshops and seminars, the countries and organizations presenting seminar/workshop proposals are required to submit detailed information on the background and objectives of the respective seminar/workshop and to justify how these events would address the needs of the country. If any professional speakers are required for the event, the Organizer would send to the potential speaker candidates a brief information bulletin giving a synopsis of the content of the seminar/ workshop, the programme, the target group and the qualifications and experience they should possess.

Benefiting Countries:

Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia

Total Budget (USD): Around 10 M

Focal Point and Contact:
Riad R. Ahmed, Br. Manager:
Moncef Soudani, Br. Project Officer
Islamic Development Bank Building
Qasr Khuzam Street 5925, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Monday, 22 May 2017 13:40

Animal diseases represent a major constraint to production, trade and livelihoods in the developing countries. Animal movement and the livestock trade, within and between various countries in the Arab region are the major means of transmitting and spreading Transboundary Animal Diseases.

To follow the livestock from one point in the supply chain to another, either backwards or forwards, in 2003-2004 the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing of Morocco initiated the project on introducing the national System of Identification and Animal traceability (SNIT).

The development of the project SNIT went through three stages according to the contract terms established by ONSSA:

  1. To supply the identification equipment and material, as well as the IT solution in a standard version;
  2. To develop specific functionalities, install, configure, and implement all the resources solicited and integration tests;
  3. Provide training for the local agents and Operational Assistance.

As a tool for management of animal diseases and food safety traceability, the SNIT – "Système national d’identification et traçabilité animales" proposed by Digidelta Software allows tracing the history of each animal including movements and events throughout its life through the use of electronic chips making use of radio frequencies. Each animal now is carrying a pair of ear tags with a unique 16-digit dialing. This information can be retrieved at any time, in the form of reports or dashboards to enable decision makers to take appropriate action. This software allows the registry of animals identified with visual and electronic ear tags, not only all the data referring to the animal but also to its breeder/owner, the farm, its sanitary condition and other relevant information. It should also be noted that the software is prepared to work in the avian sector, in which case, the breeder can choose how to manage his animals including sanitary information.

All the information stored in the database is available to the user according to his/her level of permission, maintaining the transparency and security of the data.

SNIT.mobile was developed to function on devices with the operating system Windows CE and synchronizes with the central database in 3 different ways: Directly with the application SNIT, by using SNIT.Transfer, which is a desktop application and via 3G, directly from the mobile devices.

Achievements: By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.

By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health, and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.

By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.

Budget: the system costs 120 million dirhams.

Contact information:
The Moroccan Interprofessional Federation of Milk (FIMALAIT);
Address: Avenue Al Arz, Résidence Al Arz n° D5 Hay Riad Rabat, Morocco
Phone: +212 (0)537 71 54 73
Contact person: Dr. A. BENLEKHAL 
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The regional initiative for monitoring access to water and sanitation is aimed to establish and institutionalize a regional mechanism for monitoring and reporting on access to water supply and sanitation services in the Arab region through a set of additional indicators which was proposed and later approved by the Arab Ministerial Water Council as the basis for monitoring access to water and sanitation services (MDG+ Initiative).

In light of the current global debate to shape the position of water within the post-2015 global development agenda and the global trend towards a human rights approach for water and sanitation the MDG+ initiative is an opportunity to harmonize national systems on a global by: 

  • Enhancing the regional and national monitoring capacity.
  • Establishing a regional data management platform.
  • Institutionalizing a regional monitoring program.
  • Supporting regional dialogue and contributing to the global policy debate.

The purpose of the additional indicators is to consider not only accessibility to improved infrastructure, but also reliability, affordability, sustainability and quality of service provided. The additional indicators were developed in the process of regional inter-governmental consultations, involving Arab Governments and institutions.

Partners: UN ESCWA, SIDA, Arab Ministerial Water Council

Contact details: 
Mr. Mohamed Al-Hamdi 
Sustainable Development and Productivity Division
UN-ESCWA
Tel: +961 1 978 524 
Fax: +961 1 981 510
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
Website: www.escwa.un.org 

Mr. Jarrah AlZubi 
Head of MDG+ Unit
Arab Countries Water Utilities Association (ACWUA)
Office: +962-6-5161-700
Fax: +962-6-5161-800
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

The programme aims to promote technology packages to improve livelihoods of poor farmers and pastoralists in the Arabian Peninsula through the adoption of sustainable production and natural resource management technologies in the limited water resources environment and areas affected by desertification.

The Programme resulted in: 

  1. substantial water conservation and increased fodder production from the adoption of water use-efficient of indigenous forages, particularly Buffel grass;
  2. reduced use of pesticides; and
  3. increased yields and income from the adoption of integrated production and protection management (IPPM) practices and hydroponics. 

The objective of the programme is to improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers through the development and adoption of sustainable natural resource management technologies focusing on forage production, rangelands rehabilitation, protected agriculture and related capacity building on water use efficiency. 

Three sets of production technologies were developed:

  1. Improved technologies for open field production of high water use-efficient indigenous forages, such as the native Buffel grass with an average annual water requirement of 15 000 m3 compared to the commonly used Rhodes grass with an average annual water requirement of 35 000 m3 (resulting in an average water conservation of 57%); and
  2. High-value cash crops in soil and soilless culture-based production technologies under protected agriculture. The second set consist of promising production technologies for the recently introduced spineless cactus, currently in an advanced stage of selection and adaptation trials for use as green fodder and ingredient for quality feed blocks in combination with on-farm and agro-industry by products.
  3. Improved technology elements for rangelands rehabilitation, is at an early stage of development and assessment at research stations. 

An impact assessment carried out in December 2013 revealed that the farmers are satisfied with the technology packages developed on indigenous perennial forages, IPPM and soilless culture. The following average adoption rates were reached on a regional basis: 54% for protected agriculture, 38% for perennial forages, 22% for IPPM and 5% for soilless culture. There was a sevenfold increase in water productivity (48 kg tomatoes/m3 water in soilless culture versus 7kg/m3 in soil-based protected culture in UAE). Due to the adoption of IPPM technology, the use of pesticides was reduced from 40% to 60% in the greenhouses.

The yield of tomatoes increased by 192% in soilless culture compared to soil-based protected culture in UAE. The external evaluation concluded that the APRP research work is of high return and confirmed that both the open system soilless culture as well the closed system with automatic control of nutrients are the way forward for the intensification and diversification of protected agriculture production systems for high return cash crops in the context of an increasing water shortage and salinity in the Arabian Peninsula.

Partners: The overall cost of the Program, on a grant basis over three phases, amounted to USD 10.18 million of which 52% was provided by AFESD, 31% by IFAD, 13% by UAE, and 4% by OFID. The UAE contribution directly covered the cost of rented office facilities and utilities for the Program Regional Coordination Unit in Dubai hosted by the Ministry of Environment and Water. 

Contact details: 
Abdelkarim Sma 
Country Program Manager 
IFAD/PMD/NEN 
Via Paolo di Dono 44 
00142 Rome, Italy 
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500 
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500 
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Thursday, 28 May 2015 13:11

Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states.

The Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) is one of the main arms of IDB for human resource development in member countries. It is a South-South cooperation grant based programme focusing on transfer and exchange of skills, knowledge and know-how amongst member countries. Built around a tripartite scheme, this programme involves three partners in each of its activities; namely: a technical donor, a beneficiary and IDB as a facilitator.

The basic objectives and functions of the Programme are:

     a) To mobilize the technical capacity expertise and training capabilities of IDB Member Countries for the purpose of fostering collaboration amongst them.

     b) To promote opportunities for exchange of experience and information and appropriate technologies suited to the development needs of member countries

     c) To alleviate the managerial, technical and institutional constraints, which retard project implementation and efficiency.

     d) To intensify the matching of needs identified in member countries with capacities available in other member states and to promote closer partnership.

Modalities and Procedures:

To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country.

As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, TCP utilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme:

  1. Recruitment of Experts. The experts are recruited to help IDB member countries to prepare a specific study or to provide advisory services for capacity building purposes. The transfer of knowledge and know-how of the expert to the member countries is a key feature of the programme, which complements the capacity building efforts of the beneficiary in the desired field. In this regard, the beneficiary country must specify its needs and the desired assignment in details to be undertaken by the experts. In addition to the nature and tasks to be performed under the assignment, a definite period for execution of the assignment should also be stipulated, while taking into account that the maximum period for an expert`s assignment is six months.
  2. Provision of On-the-Job Training (OJT). OJT vehicle aims to augment the skills and enrich the experience of technical and professional staff. It consists of the two main types, namely Formal Training and Study and Familiarisation Visits.
    • Formal Training
      Training courses are organised for the middle management and technical officials in public or private organizationsin order to upgrade their skills and knowledge and improve proficiency in their performance. For the organization of training courses, the beneficiary institution/country must recommend candidates for short-term training (maximum 4 months) and it must ensure to prepare clear justifications highlighting their needs and the area in which they would like to enhance their knowledge and expertise.
    • Study and Familiarization Visits
      These visits are targeting the senior-level officials at the level of heads of ministries, organizations and departments with the objective of acquainting them with the activities and structure of similar institutions/ industries of other member countries and helping them in enriching their experience and knowledge.
  3. Organization of Workshops and Seminar. Seminars and workshops provide the beneficiary countries with the opportunity to exchange experiences on a specific subject and, hence enhancing their knowledge and understanding in that area. For the workshops and seminars, the countries and organizations presenting seminar/workshop proposals are required to submit detailed information on the background and objectives of the respective seminar/workshop and to justify how these events would address the needs of the country. If any professional speakers are required for the event, the Organizer would send to the potential speaker candidates a brief information bulletin giving a synopsis of the content of the seminar/workshop, the programme, the target group and the qualifications and experience they should possess.

Benefiting Countries:

Bahrain, Comoros, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia

Results to Date:

Since its inception in 1983 to the end of 2012, 2,006 operations have been approved under the programme:

  1. 370 operations were for recruitment of experts
  2. 880 operations were for on-the-job training
  3. 756 operations for seminars and workshops.

To date, the TCP facilitated the training of more than 15,000 persons while it enabled approximately 500 experts to be dispatched among member states. Additionally, more than 16,200 specialists have had the opportunity to share their knowledge and experiences in various fora.

Total Budget (USD): Around 46 M

Thursday, 25 June 2015 13:04

Geographic focus: Yemen covering some governorates such as Sana'a, Taiz, Dhamar, and Aden.

Thematic areas: Agriculture, food security through improvements in water control, crop intensification, and diversification

Development challenge and key achievements:

The fielding of four field technicians over a two-year period, from August/Sept 2006 till August/Sept 2008, resulted in an enhanced capacity of the national technicians and farmers and contributed to increased agricultural production and food security in the country. Production activities covered some components of the SPFS, such as water control, crop intensification, marketing and diversification, including small animal production as well as other areas of priority importance to the country.

The project assisted in establishing integrated models of irrigation techniques to improve water use efficiency. It also conducted trainings and support for farmers, extension staff and agricultural agents in water conservation and management practices, and supported the introduction of high-value cash crops, the olive growing and cropping and the improvement of marketing of agricultural products. The project also provided extension for households owning livestock.

The main beneficiaries of the programme were small farmers and consumers. Farmers were able to intensify production, produce off-season, and ensure a more regular supply on the market, thereby derived increased incomes. Consumers benefited from more regular supplies, improved standards and better food quality.

Solution Details: The comparative advantage of the solution:

The project permitted the fielding of 4 technicians from Jordan over a two-year period with the following expertise:

  1. Crop Production
  2. Irrigation
  3. Marketing
  4. Livestock

South-South Cooperation between Yemen and Jordan has been a practical technical assistance, facilitated by FAO at development and implementation levels. The FAO comparative advantage was mainly reufb02ected in SSC legal, operational and technical framework, the response to the specific needs of the recipient country since the project formulation, the follow up of the SSC activities through the FAO Representation and backstopping, and the work of SSC partners directly with farmers and their technical national counterparts.

Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 350,000

Total Budget (USD): 350,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Fathi Hadhri, South-South Cooperation Officer FAO, HQ
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla,
00153, Rome Italy
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.