Food safety is becoming increasingly important. One of the solutions to fight against food forgery is the DNA analysis aimed at identifying the origin of meat even in a processed form.
The solution is a result of the consortium`s project, which was set up for the research on the methodology of meat DNA testing in 2014-2015. Consortium consists of six members: three research institutes (Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ÁTK); Central Food Research Institute (KÉKI); Agricultural Biotechnology Center (MBK), two enterprises dealing with biotechnology (Biomi Ltd, WESSLING Hungary Ltd.) and Olmos and Tóth Ltd, an enterprise concerning animal production.
The objectives of project were to work out a diagnostic methodology in order to help:
The methodology is based on a Mangalica-specific sequence examined and owned by Hungary and uses two approaches:
Approaches require different equipment:
The main impact of the solutions is rise of quality and reliability of products. It can stabilize a market of those special products where breed is important as a “base material”. The solution elaborated in every detail can serve as a standardized methodology for the official control to check sold meat products.
Partners: Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (ÁTK) (as main implementor); Central Food Research Institute (KÉKI); Agricultural Biotechnology Center (MBK), Biomi Ltd, WESSLING Hungary Ltd., Olmos and Tóth Ltd.
Hungary Ministry of Agriculture
Tamas Szobolevszki, Head of the Animal Breeding Unit:
National Agricultural and Innovation Centre:
The Hungarian National Rural Network (HNRN) is an umbrella network of private and public networks, such as the Agricultural and Rural Development Advisory Networks and the Network of Independent Civil Actors and other organizations involved in the rural development. The Network was created to organize all the actors, i.e. government, local government, civil society, business organizations and professional bodies) for better cooperation between them and coordination of their activities, to build practice-oriented inter-regional and international relations, and to represent the Hungarian national interests and values.
The primary goal of the HNRN is to support the implementation of the Hungarian Rural Development Programme, and to focus on increasing the social integration and economic development of rural areas.
The main tasks of the HNRN are:
The solution focus on the exchange of experiences and know-how, the dissemination of best practices, the provision of trainings for rural actors, the organisation of studies and conferences, the support for inter-territorial and transnational cooperation and the provision of information development opportunities.
Network services are provided by the Permanent Secretariat with the support of the Ministry of Rural Development.
The network’s qualitative target is to deliver useful and maintainable services, including regular newsletters and invitations for rural trainings and professional conferences from the network managements, thereby reaching as many rural stakeholders as possible through network registration. Registration for membership is open to anyone involved or interested in agriculture and rural development. There is no membership fee and no obligations arise from registration.
Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary
Department for Agricultural Development
Contact person: Mátyás Szabó
Chief of Department
Telephone: (+361) 7953570
Girdling, as practiced in commercial vineyards, consists of the removal of a ring of bark from 3 to 6 mm wide entirely around a selected trunk, cordon, or cane of the vine to: (1) hasten maturity; (2) aid uniform berry coloring; (3) increase the size of berries and clusters; and (4) improve berry set or increase the number of berries in a cluster. Previously, only seedless varieties were subject to or recommended for girdling elsewhere in the world.
The solution offers application of the girdling technique for seeded grape varieties which distinguishes it from previous efforts. The solution was tested and implemented by the DAI Global, LLC in Uzbekistan while promoting girdling in Uzbekistan since 2013.
When girdled the energy flow generated in leaves is temporarily redirected toward clusters and berries resulting in earlier ripening time, increased berry and bunch size, and better coloring. Grapevine girdling only requires a 3 to 6 mm girdling knife. Girdling knives have two blades spaced 3-6 mm and cost between $15-30. Grapevines can also be girdled using a regular knife through two separate cuts but require greater mastery of the technique.
The experiment held from 2013-16 confirmed girdling’s impact on early ripening seeded table grape varieties. Berries increased in size by 10 to 30 percent, ripened 15 to 30 days earlier, and exhibited better uniform coloration in the local seeded varieties (red Vitis Vinifera Rizamat and Vitis Vinifera Andijon Qora). The optimal time to apply girdling is the period post- bloom until the start of berry coloring. It is recommended to apply this technique on mature producing grapevines (at least 4 to 5 years old).
In Uzbekistan, girdling enabled early ripening which contributed to higher incomes through early sales of the girdled grapes obtaining prices between 50 to 100% higher than the regular ripening period. In addition, berry coloring was more uniform on girdled vines. Girdling of seedless and seeded grapes enables early and extended supply of highly demanded varieties of grapes for both local and export markets.
Partners: “Dolanalik Bogbon Mevasi” farm enterprise in Andijan Province; “Azizbek AXA” in Fergana Province; the Andijan Agricultural Institute; USAID’s program in Uzbekistan.
Representative Office of Development Alternatives Inc. in Uzbekistan,
Address: 104A Kichik Beshagach Street, Tashkent
Contact person: Gholibjon Mahmudov
Telephone: +998 87 701 7502
In order to reduce the water pollution caused by trout farms Turkey has been implementing the water quality improvement program since 2012. As part of it, the General directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock introduced effluent management (treatment), to prevent the potentially negative effects of trout farm and conflicts with other users, especially in places where fish farms have to be considered as point-source polluters. The use of drum filters for the effluent treatment in trout farms in Eşen Region, Muğla, Turkey was made compulsory by the government.
To pilot the solution fish farms were selected in Eşen Stream area, Ören Town, Seydikemer, Muğla. This region has a particular significance because a number of fish farms are located very close to each other on one river and the farms discharges are also very close to one another. Therefore waste removal through final treatment facilities (e.g. screen filters) is needed to allow the water to be used by the multiple users. A total 10 drum filters were set up water at the outlet water of the farms to evaluate the effectiveness of the filters over one-year period.
The evaluation results showed that micro-screen rotary drum filters with a mesh size of 200 µm achieved a removal efficiency of average 28% and 48% for total and farm-derived suspended solids, respectively, in flow-through aquaculture farm effluents with high inflow rates.
The implementation of the solution also positively affected relations between users of the water resources, such as fish farmers, agricultural farmers and local environment agencies that was formalized in an agreement.
Budget: There is a requirement of one drum filter per 250 ton fish production and its cost is 20.000 USD when the outflow rate of 1 m3/sec is considered.
Partners: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey, Muğla Rainbow Trout Aquaculture, Mediterranean Fisheries Research and Training Institute
Mediterranean Fisheries Research and Training Institute
Name and title: Dr. Mehmet Ali Turan KOÇER (Fisheries Engineer)
Telephone: +90 242 251 0587
The project focused on local food market formation through marketing environmentally safe (green) products made by private farms for people who care about their health and think about as they consumed foodstuffs. The aim of the project is to link consumers and producers of environmentally safe products. The main initiators of the project were consumers – a young Minsk family that started with satisfying their own needs for environmentally safe products. After studying foreign experience, initiators of the project started its implementation. They began collecting all necessary information to choose suppliers. The project started in 2012, and represents the pioneer initiative in the area of organic food marketing in Minsk region of Belarus.
The lack of clear regulations regarding ecological food, forced to develop their own ones: so, a farmer who is involved in agriculture, should not use chemicals to protect products - herbicides, pesticides and inorganic fertilizers; those involved in animal husbandry should not use feed, at least purchased from outside the farm. All these regulations, however, closely refer to and correlate with organic agriculture practice performed in European countries. Now the project is cooperating with 15 farmers, and is actively searching for new suppliers. The customers: consumers of environmentally friendly products are most often young families with small children who are primarily interested in high-quality food products that are needed for harmonious growth and development of children. Recently, however, more and more people of older generations become project clients. People with health problems, such as allergies to pesticides, are also among the customers of the project.
Customers, who are mostly people with small children, were found through social networks and Internet, as well as by the means of the so-called “word of mouth” advertising. Managers collect orders through online web-site and then organize delivery. In Belarus both customers and environmentally friendly agricultural producers are not widely spread, and now delivery is only once a week.
Impact of Solution:
The project implementation results in thousands of Minsk residents receiving environmentally friendly products every week. The basic principle of the project is openness. The project provides details about the farmers that offer products. Each farmer’s webpage contains a story about its activities and products. Farmers, alongside with the organization bear responsibility for quality. In case of no satisfaction with the product, the customer is getting the money back.
Benefits for producers and consumers involved in this local food market:
Similar initiatives could be implemented in other countries. To succeed it is necessary:
Initially, the project involved only one family, however, with time as the number of users has been constantly increasing, and the number of farmers and their geography expanded considerably.
US$ 10,000 (a car; means to rent premises, procurement of containers and moderate working capital). Joint efforts resulted in creation of a website - ecaeja.by – major trading facility of the project.
LLC ‘Ecaeja’ 09.2015
Tel: + 375 29 7724412; + 375 29 5162281
Traceability and value chain solutions have been introduced to the Egyptian agro-industries since 2004 with the support of UNDO. The aim is to strengthen agricultural value chains and ensure that, in terms of quality, safety and traceability, Egyptian food products are safe for consumption and do not encounter barriers to trade.
The solution offers the followings:
By securing exports in compliance with international standards the traceability system improves working conditions for workers and achieves safer jobs.
The actions taken have raised awareness on value chain approaches and built the capacity of agro-industry actors through the trainings and technical assistance in implementing traceability systems, starting from simple paper-based systems to complex software assisted ones. In addition, the system has developed local software with better customization in terms of environment and language which was transferred to several other countries in the Arab region and beyond it, such as Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, Ghana, India, Vietnam, Moldova and South Africa.
Partners: UNIDO Egypt, Ministry of Trade and Industry and Ministry of Agriculture
UNIDO Regional Office in Egypt
2, Latin America Street, Garden City, Cairo - Egypt
Alaa Fahmy, National Programme Officer
Tel. + (202) 227943477
Mob. +20 (0)1000397575
Fax + (20 2) 27921199
Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states
The S and T programme focuses on cooperation for knowledge and technology transfer and partnership in scientific research among member countries. It promotes and encourages the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge through activities such as short-term assignments of experts, exchange of scientists, networking amongst associations of scientists, organization of on-the-job training courses as well as conferences. The activities financed under the S and T are based on a South-South approach aiming at transferring proven technologies among the member countries and at contributing to capacity development. Specifically, the objectives of the S and T Programme are two-fold:
Modalities and Procedures
To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country. As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, S and Tutilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme.
Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
Total Budget (USD): Around 10 M
Focal Point and Contact:
Riad R. Ahmed, Br. Manager:
Moncef Soudani, Br. Project Officer
Islamic Development Bank Building
Qasr Khuzam Street 5925, Jeddah
Animal diseases represent a major constraint to production, trade and livelihoods in the developing countries. Animal movement and the livestock trade, within and between various countries in the Arab region are the major means of transmitting and spreading Transboundary Animal Diseases.
To follow the livestock from one point in the supply chain to another, either backwards or forwards, in 2003-2004 the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing of Morocco initiated the project on introducing the national System of Identification and Animal traceability (SNIT).
As a tool for management of animal diseases and food safety traceability, the SNIT – "Système national d’identification et traçabilité animales" proposed by Digidelta Software allows tracing the history of each animal including movements and events throughout its life through the use of electronic chips making use of radio frequencies. Each animal now is carrying a pair of ear tags with a unique 16-digit dialing. This information can be retrieved at any time, in the form of reports or dashboards to enable decision makers to take appropriate action. This software allows the registry of animals identified with visual and electronic ear tags, not only all the data referring to the animal but also to its breeder/owner, the farm, its sanitary condition and other relevant information. It should also be noted that the software is prepared to work in the avian sector, in which case, the breeder can choose how to manage his animals including sanitary information.
All the information stored in the database is available to the user according to his/her level of permission, maintaining the transparency and security of the data.
SNIT.mobile was developed to function on devices with the operating system Windows CE and synchronizes with the central database in 3 different ways: Directly with the application SNIT, by using SNIT.Transfer, which is a desktop application and via 3G, directly from the mobile devices.
Achievements: By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health, and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
Budget: the system costs 120 million dirhams.
The Moroccan Interprofessional Federation of Milk (FIMALAIT);
Address: Avenue Al Arz, Résidence Al Arz n° D5 Hay Riad Rabat, Morocco
Phone: +212 (0)537 71 54 73
Contact person: Dr. A. BENLEKHAL
The regional initiative for monitoring access to water and sanitation is aimed to establish and institutionalize a regional mechanism for monitoring and reporting on access to water supply and sanitation services in the Arab region through a set of additional indicators which was proposed and later approved by the Arab Ministerial Water Council as the basis for monitoring access to water and sanitation services (MDG+ Initiative).
In light of the current global debate to shape the position of water within the post-2015 global development agenda and the global trend towards a human rights approach for water and sanitation the MDG+ initiative is an opportunity to harmonize national systems on a global by:
The purpose of the additional indicators is to consider not only accessibility to improved infrastructure, but also reliability, affordability, sustainability and quality of service provided. The additional indicators were developed in the process of regional inter-governmental consultations, involving Arab Governments and institutions.
Partners: UN ESCWA, SIDA, Arab Ministerial Water Council
Mr. Mohamed Al-Hamdi
Sustainable Development and Productivity Division
Tel: +961 1 978 524
Fax: +961 1 981 510
Mr. Jarrah AlZubi
Head of MDG+ Unit
Arab Countries Water Utilities Association (ACWUA)
The programme aims to promote technology packages to improve livelihoods of poor farmers and pastoralists in the Arabian Peninsula through the adoption of sustainable production and natural resource management technologies in the limited water resources environment and areas affected by desertification.
The Programme resulted in:
The objective of the programme is to improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers through the development and adoption of sustainable natural resource management technologies focusing on forage production, rangelands rehabilitation, protected agriculture and related capacity building on water use efficiency.
Three sets of production technologies were developed:
An impact assessment carried out in December 2013 revealed that the farmers are satisfied with the technology packages developed on indigenous perennial forages, IPPM and soilless culture. The following average adoption rates were reached on a regional basis: 54% for protected agriculture, 38% for perennial forages, 22% for IPPM and 5% for soilless culture. There was a sevenfold increase in water productivity (48 kg tomatoes/m3 water in soilless culture versus 7kg/m3 in soil-based protected culture in UAE). Due to the adoption of IPPM technology, the use of pesticides was reduced from 40% to 60% in the greenhouses.
The yield of tomatoes increased by 192% in soilless culture compared to soil-based protected culture in UAE. The external evaluation concluded that the APRP research work is of high return and confirmed that both the open system soilless culture as well the closed system with automatic control of nutrients are the way forward for the intensification and diversification of protected agriculture production systems for high return cash crops in the context of an increasing water shortage and salinity in the Arabian Peninsula.
Partners: The overall cost of the Program, on a grant basis over three phases, amounted to USD 10.18 million of which 52% was provided by AFESD, 31% by IFAD, 13% by UAE, and 4% by OFID. The UAE contribution directly covered the cost of rented office facilities and utilities for the Program Regional Coordination Unit in Dubai hosted by the Ministry of Environment and Water.
Country Program Manager
Via Paolo di Dono 44
00142 Rome, Italy
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500
Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states.
The Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) is one of the main arms of IDB for human resource development in member countries. It is a South-South cooperation grant based programme focusing on transfer and exchange of skills, knowledge and know-how amongst member countries. Built around a tripartite scheme, this programme involves three partners in each of its activities; namely: a technical donor, a beneficiary and IDB as a facilitator.
The basic objectives and functions of the Programme are:
a) To mobilize the technical capacity expertise and training capabilities of IDB Member Countries for the purpose of fostering collaboration amongst them.
b) To promote opportunities for exchange of experience and information and appropriate technologies suited to the development needs of member countries
c) To alleviate the managerial, technical and institutional constraints, which retard project implementation and efficiency.
d) To intensify the matching of needs identified in member countries with capacities available in other member states and to promote closer partnership.
Modalities and Procedures:
To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country.
As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, TCP utilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme:
Bahrain, Comoros, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia
Results to Date:
Since its inception in 1983 to the end of 2012, 2,006 operations have been approved under the programme:
To date, the TCP facilitated the training of more than 15,000 persons while it enabled approximately 500 experts to be dispatched among member states. Additionally, more than 16,200 specialists have had the opportunity to share their knowledge and experiences in various fora.
Total Budget (USD): Around 46 M
Geographic focus: Yemen covering some governorates such as Sana'a, Taiz, Dhamar, and Aden.
Thematic areas: Agriculture, food security through improvements in water control, crop intensification, and diversification
Development challenge and key achievements:
The fielding of four field technicians over a two-year period, from August/Sept 2006 till August/Sept 2008, resulted in an enhanced capacity of the national technicians and farmers and contributed to increased agricultural production and food security in the country. Production activities covered some components of the SPFS, such as water control, crop intensification, marketing and diversification, including small animal production as well as other areas of priority importance to the country.
The project assisted in establishing integrated models of irrigation techniques to improve water use efficiency. It also conducted trainings and support for farmers, extension staff and agricultural agents in water conservation and management practices, and supported the introduction of high-value cash crops, the olive growing and cropping and the improvement of marketing of agricultural products. The project also provided extension for households owning livestock.
The main beneficiaries of the programme were small farmers and consumers. Farmers were able to intensify production, produce off-season, and ensure a more regular supply on the market, thereby derived increased incomes. Consumers benefited from more regular supplies, improved standards and better food quality.
Solution Details: The comparative advantage of the solution:
The project permitted the fielding of 4 technicians from Jordan over a two-year period with the following expertise:
South-South Cooperation between Yemen and Jordan has been a practical technical assistance, facilitated by FAO at development and implementation levels. The FAO comparative advantage was mainly reufb02ected in SSC legal, operational and technical framework, the response to the specific needs of the recipient country since the project formulation, the follow up of the SSC activities through the FAO Representation and backstopping, and the work of SSC partners directly with farmers and their technical national counterparts.
Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 350,000
Total Budget (USD): 350,000
Focal Point and Contact:
Fathi Hadhri, South-South Cooperation Officer FAO, HQ
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla,
00153, Rome Italy