Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states
The S and T programme focuses on cooperation for knowledge and technology transfer and partnership in scientific research among member countries. It promotes and encourages the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge through activities such as short-term assignments of experts, exchange of scientists, networking amongst associations of scientists, organization of on-the-job training courses as well as conferences. The activities financed under the S and T are based on a South-South approach aiming at transferring proven technologies among the member countries and at contributing to capacity development. Specifically, the objectives of the S and T Programme are two-fold:
Modalities and Procedures
To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country. As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, S and Tutilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme.
Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
Total Budget (USD): Around 10 M
Focal Point and Contact:
Riad R. Ahmed, Br. Manager:
Moncef Soudani, Br. Project Officer
Islamic Development Bank Building
Qasr Khuzam Street 5925, Jeddah
Animal diseases represent a major constraint to production, trade and livelihoods in the developing countries. Animal movement and the livestock trade, within and between various countries in the Arab region are the major means of transmitting and spreading Transboundary Animal Diseases.
To follow the livestock from one point in the supply chain to another, either backwards or forwards, in 2003-2004 the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing of Morocco initiated the project on introducing the national System of Identification and Animal traceability (SNIT).
As a tool for management of animal diseases and food safety traceability, the SNIT – "Système national d’identification et traçabilité animales" proposed by Digidelta Software allows tracing the history of each animal including movements and events throughout its life through the use of electronic chips making use of radio frequencies. Each animal now is carrying a pair of ear tags with a unique 16-digit dialing. This information can be retrieved at any time, in the form of reports or dashboards to enable decision makers to take appropriate action. This software allows the registry of animals identified with visual and electronic ear tags, not only all the data referring to the animal but also to its breeder/owner, the farm, its sanitary condition and other relevant information. It should also be noted that the software is prepared to work in the avian sector, in which case, the breeder can choose how to manage his animals including sanitary information.
All the information stored in the database is available to the user according to his/her level of permission, maintaining the transparency and security of the data.
SNIT.mobile was developed to function on devices with the operating system Windows CE and synchronizes with the central database in 3 different ways: Directly with the application SNIT, by using SNIT.Transfer, which is a desktop application and via 3G, directly from the mobile devices.
Achievements: By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health, and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
By integrating this identification formula, Morocco is now aligned with international standards and effectively improves the health program management and production performance control. Traceability systems are important, effective tools that can be used for the protection of animal health, public health and food safety. They can help reduce response time, thereby limiting economic, environmental and social impacts of emergency situations such as disease outbreaks. Morocco is the first and only country in the north of Africa to have a system capable of ensuring traceability.
Budget: the system costs 120 million dirhams.
The Moroccan Interprofessional Federation of Milk (FIMALAIT);
Address: Avenue Al Arz, Résidence Al Arz n° D5 Hay Riad Rabat, Morocco
Phone: +212 (0)537 71 54 73
Contact person: Dr. A. BENLEKHAL
The regional initiative for monitoring access to water and sanitation is aimed to establish and institutionalize a regional mechanism for monitoring and reporting on access to water supply and sanitation services in the Arab region through a set of additional indicators which was proposed and later approved by the Arab Ministerial Water Council as the basis for monitoring access to water and sanitation services (MDG+ Initiative).
In light of the current global debate to shape the position of water within the post-2015 global development agenda and the global trend towards a human rights approach for water and sanitation the MDG+ initiative is an opportunity to harmonize national systems on a global by:
The purpose of the additional indicators is to consider not only accessibility to improved infrastructure, but also reliability, affordability, sustainability and quality of service provided. The additional indicators were developed in the process of regional inter-governmental consultations, involving Arab Governments and institutions.
Partners: UN ESCWA, SIDA, Arab Ministerial Water Council
Mr. Mohamed Al-Hamdi
Sustainable Development and Productivity Division
Tel: +961 1 978 524
Fax: +961 1 981 510
Mr. Jarrah AlZubi
Head of MDG+ Unit
Arab Countries Water Utilities Association (ACWUA)
The programme aims to promote technology packages to improve livelihoods of poor farmers and pastoralists in the Arabian Peninsula through the adoption of sustainable production and natural resource management technologies in the limited water resources environment and areas affected by desertification.
The Programme resulted in:
The objective of the programme is to improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers through the development and adoption of sustainable natural resource management technologies focusing on forage production, rangelands rehabilitation, protected agriculture and related capacity building on water use efficiency.
Three sets of production technologies were developed:
An impact assessment carried out in December 2013 revealed that the farmers are satisfied with the technology packages developed on indigenous perennial forages, IPPM and soilless culture. The following average adoption rates were reached on a regional basis: 54% for protected agriculture, 38% for perennial forages, 22% for IPPM and 5% for soilless culture. There was a sevenfold increase in water productivity (48 kg tomatoes/m3 water in soilless culture versus 7kg/m3 in soil-based protected culture in UAE). Due to the adoption of IPPM technology, the use of pesticides was reduced from 40% to 60% in the greenhouses.
The yield of tomatoes increased by 192% in soilless culture compared to soil-based protected culture in UAE. The external evaluation concluded that the APRP research work is of high return and confirmed that both the open system soilless culture as well the closed system with automatic control of nutrients are the way forward for the intensification and diversification of protected agriculture production systems for high return cash crops in the context of an increasing water shortage and salinity in the Arabian Peninsula.
Partners: The overall cost of the Program, on a grant basis over three phases, amounted to USD 10.18 million of which 52% was provided by AFESD, 31% by IFAD, 13% by UAE, and 4% by OFID. The UAE contribution directly covered the cost of rented office facilities and utilities for the Program Regional Coordination Unit in Dubai hosted by the Ministry of Environment and Water.
Country Program Manager
Via Paolo di Dono 44
00142 Rome, Italy
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500
Geographic focus: All the Arab states; all the 56 member countries are eligible to participate in this Programme, including the Arab states.
The Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) is one of the main arms of IDB for human resource development in member countries. It is a South-South cooperation grant based programme focusing on transfer and exchange of skills, knowledge and know-how amongst member countries. Built around a tripartite scheme, this programme involves three partners in each of its activities; namely: a technical donor, a beneficiary and IDB as a facilitator.
The basic objectives and functions of the Programme are:
a) To mobilize the technical capacity expertise and training capabilities of IDB Member Countries for the purpose of fostering collaboration amongst them.
b) To promote opportunities for exchange of experience and information and appropriate technologies suited to the development needs of member countries
c) To alleviate the managerial, technical and institutional constraints, which retard project implementation and efficiency.
d) To intensify the matching of needs identified in member countries with capacities available in other member states and to promote closer partnership.
Modalities and Procedures:
To be eligible to benefit from this programme, all the applications must be supported and endorsed by the Office of the IDB Governor or the National Focal Point for the country concerned. In terms financing, since the programme is based on a tripartite approach, financial contributions are expected as well from the donor country and the beneficiary/host country.
As part of capacity development in the Member Countries, TCP utilizes three vehicles for the promotion and accomplishment of the objectives of the programme:
Bahrain, Comoros, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia
Results to Date:
Since its inception in 1983 to the end of 2012, 2,006 operations have been approved under the programme:
To date, the TCP facilitated the training of more than 15,000 persons while it enabled approximately 500 experts to be dispatched among member states. Additionally, more than 16,200 specialists have had the opportunity to share their knowledge and experiences in various fora.
Total Budget (USD): Around 46 M
Geographic focus: Yemen covering some governorates such as Sana'a, Taiz, Dhamar, and Aden.
Thematic areas: Agriculture, food security through improvements in water control, crop intensification, and diversification
Development challenge and key achievements:
The fielding of four field technicians over a two-year period, from August/Sept 2006 till August/Sept 2008, resulted in an enhanced capacity of the national technicians and farmers and contributed to increased agricultural production and food security in the country. Production activities covered some components of the SPFS, such as water control, crop intensification, marketing and diversification, including small animal production as well as other areas of priority importance to the country.
The project assisted in establishing integrated models of irrigation techniques to improve water use efficiency. It also conducted trainings and support for farmers, extension staff and agricultural agents in water conservation and management practices, and supported the introduction of high-value cash crops, the olive growing and cropping and the improvement of marketing of agricultural products. The project also provided extension for households owning livestock.
The main beneficiaries of the programme were small farmers and consumers. Farmers were able to intensify production, produce off-season, and ensure a more regular supply on the market, thereby derived increased incomes. Consumers benefited from more regular supplies, improved standards and better food quality.
Solution Details: The comparative advantage of the solution:
The project permitted the fielding of 4 technicians from Jordan over a two-year period with the following expertise:
South-South Cooperation between Yemen and Jordan has been a practical technical assistance, facilitated by FAO at development and implementation levels. The FAO comparative advantage was mainly reufb02ected in SSC legal, operational and technical framework, the response to the specific needs of the recipient country since the project formulation, the follow up of the SSC activities through the FAO Representation and backstopping, and the work of SSC partners directly with farmers and their technical national counterparts.
Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 350,000
Total Budget (USD): 350,000
Focal Point and Contact:
Fathi Hadhri, South-South Cooperation Officer FAO, HQ
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla,
00153, Rome Italy
Solar Energy Farming offers a highly innovative and triple-win NEXUS approach which links water security, energy security, and food security.
The solution saves vital groundwater resources for future generations by applying an economically lucrative and environmentally sustainable climate change adaptation measure, i.e. solar energy farming (photovoltaic). Farmers install solar panels on their lands that prevents further expansion of irrigated agriculture, thus reducing groundwater abstraction.
The solar energy farming diversifies farmers` income and generates a 10-fold potential increase in net earnings as compared to irrigated agriculture. Moreover, solar energy farming leads to a greener economy as farmers shift from fossil fuel energy consumers (water pumping) to clean energy producers (photovoltaic).
Partners: GIZ regional programme u201cAdaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (ACCWaM), the Ministry of Water and Irrigation of Jordan, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Jordan, the Arab Ministerial Water Council (League of Arab States) - Arab Region (Scaling-up)
4 D, El-Gezira Street, 3rd Floor
11211 Zamalek, Cairo, Egypt
Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (GIZ)
00962 65 65 92 06 (Jordan) | 00 20 120 22 77 811 (Egypt)
Dr. Bassam Hayek (GIZ) | Dr Gerhard Lichtenthaeler (GIZ)
Countries: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Near East and North Africa
The solution seeks to support local irrigation systems in 3 countries of the North Africa, namely Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, and contribute to the global debate on irrigation by developing and strengthening a multidisciplinary network with 60 researchers, teachers and PhD students from North Africa and France. SIRMA is a partnership-based skills network which is part of a collective of 23 Platforms in Partnership for Research and Training.
The solution contributes to the development of irrigation systems by:
SIRMA serves as an expertise hub and a bridge between the major agricultural engineering universities in North Africa and local irrigation associations, irrigation managers and policy makers.
The essential feature of the solution is direct involvement of local farmers' organizations in the process of developing new solutions in water and irrigation management in partnership with researchers and water and irrigation managers. The solution has proved that the capacity building of farmers' organizations has a direct impact on the management of irrigation systems (allocation, distribution, application), and, in general, has a multiplier effect in other domains related to agricultural production and local development.
The solution can be scaled up by extending SIRMA to the East of the Mediterranean, which will be of mutual benefit to the members of the network and new partners, bringing in new potential, knowledge and skills to the solid ground of the existing expertise in the network.
The estimated budget for the solution is USD 1.4 millions required for the networking and development of 1) professional training for irrigation associations, 2) common training modules at BSc and MSc level and 3) action research.
International Centre for Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD), Institute for Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Hassan II (IAV), National School for Agriculture Meknes (ENAM), National High School for Agronomy Algiers (ENSA), University Centre of Khmis Miliana (CUKM), National Institute for Rural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunis (INRGREF), National Institute for Agronomy of Tunis (INAT), Institute for Research for Development, Marseille (IRD), National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (IRSTEA), Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Montpellier (CIHEAM), Paris Institute for Technology for Life, Food and Environmental Sciences (AgroParisTech), National Institute of Further Education in Agricultural Science, Montpellier (SupAgro).
Avenue Agropolis, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, u2028France.
IAV Hassan II
Medinat El Irfane, Rabat, Morocco.
Dr. Marcel Kuper
Phone number: + 212 6 71 43 46 79
The relationship between OFID and the Palestinian people dates back more than three decades. During this time, OFID has worked hard, through the provision of grant assistance, to lay foundations for the empowerment of palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as for those in refugee camps in neighbouring countries. Today, these people are enduring one of the most challenging periods of their turbulent history. Despite these challenges, however, life must go on. Palestinians still need to support themselves, they still need to raise and educate their children, and they still need the basic essentials such as food and shelter. Recognizing this, OFID`s support to Palestine reaches deep into people`s everyday lives, building human capacity and focusing on projects that offer Palestinians the hope of a long-term, sustainable future. In uniting with the Palestinian people, OFID has co-financed hundreds of projects, extending valuable lifelines to this vulnerable population as they pursue their dream of an independent and secure Palestinian State.
OFID offers both targeted accelerated assistance, known as the Special Grant Account for Palestine and the Pal Fund to work on micro-financing for projects in Palestine.
Results to date:
Regarding its specific partnership with the UNDP Palestine programme OFID has worked on providing solar renewable energy in the region. Under its joint programme with UNDP 4 schools will be operated through the use of solar cells for lighting purposes where school students became familiar with the use of such type of alternative power resources and expressed their willingness to learn more about the possibility of using this technology in their houses. The donor was satisfied with the implementation of the project and the progress reports delivered at the exact dates along with the disbursement.
Countries that benefited:
Egypt, Djibouti, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Mauritania, Palestine, Tunisia
Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 1,000,000
Total Budget (USD):5,293,000
Focal Point and Contact:
Iman Al Husseini
Omar Bin Abdel Aziz Street, Al Remal
The first-of-its-kind Knowledge Access for Rural Inter-connected Areas Network (KariaNet) was established as a regional network for the management and sharing of knowledge, information and experience in agriculture and rural development in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region.
In its second phase, the Network embraced u2018open access principles', and through the use of ICT and non-ICT tools made knowledge available to its stakeholders, consisting of development practitioners, government agencies, researchers, private sector as well as national and regional NGOs involved in rural development.
The aim was to link up the knowledge providers and knowledge brokers with knowledge seekers (two-way knowledge flow) through three thematic networks:
KariaNet aims to enhance the overall performance and effectiveness of development projects in MENA, to enable the rural poor to overcome their poverty.
The beneficiaries: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen.
Since 2010, KariaNet II has been testing different methodologies to enhance knowledge exchange across projects, such as learning routes, learning alliances, action research projects and innovation contests. The beneficiary countries in the region were diverse in terms of their contexts, needs and languages, so sub-regional activities were planned in addition to national and regional ones. This created synergies and allowed for productive engagement in issues of common concern.
In 2013, the Network was successfully devolved to the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit of the American University of Beirut - the new regional host of KariaNet. The regional projects continue to benefit from the successful methodologies.
Partners: IFAD, IDRC, IFAD-financed projects in the NENA region and the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit of the American University of Beirut.
Country Program Manager
Via Paolo di Dono 44
00142 Rome, Italy
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500
The Agricultural Resources Management Project (phase 2 is implemented through five local community support units in the agricultural lands the governorates of Karak, Tafila and Ma`an in southern heights in Jordan.
The project aims at improving food and water security; and increasing the level of income of targeted groups through local community development and empowering women to actively participate in the usage, administration, and preservation of land and water resources.
The project objectives are to:
The project activities include building capacity of the farmers through trainings on best techniques of irrigation, rehabilitation of perennial olive trees and management of the demand, utilization and preservation of water, providing chemical fertilizers, spraying insecticides, and paying for trimmers, protecting springheads and building small tanks in farms for accumulation and pumping of water.
The project efforts have led to:
Partners: IFAD and local communities
Mamoon Al Adaileh,
Ministry of Agriculture
ARMPII - SLM officer
In the hilly areas that have been neglected – and/or affected by the July 2006 war – the project addresses opportunities for farmers to increase their output and income through:
The solution’s design includes:
Focus areas of the project were selected based on the following criteria:
Sustainable water harvesting and efficient use of excess runoff and spring flow, in addition to soil and water conservation measures and modern irrigation are considered as climate change enabling activities supporting long-term and short-term mitigation measures and adaptation. Water harvesting technique through small mountainous lakes are less environmentally damaging compared to bigger water dams, and thus are of relatively positive environmental impact.
Since the project implementation small hill lakes (reservoirs) have been constructed, ranging in size from 20 000 to 50 000 cubic meters, on a pilot basis, for storing water from springs, runoffs and harvested rainwater to be for irrigation by small groups of farms.
The project provided water for lands which were left fallow due to shortages of water and increased the interest in recultivating the abandoned areas and due to the project intervention:
Partners: The Ministry of Agriculture, the Green Plan, Farmer groups and Water Users Associations, municipalities, private contractors and consultants, IFAD, OFID, Government of Lebanon
Eng. Ali El Hajj
Coordinator of Comp. 1, HASAD