Owner: ABU DHABI FARMERS' SERVICES CENTER
Working with local farmers to improve farming practices, resulting in higher production levels and better quality crops while conserving the country`s environmental resources. In turn, the center partner with retailers and large corporate and government customers to provide them with a secure supply of quality local produce fresh from Abu Dhabi`s farms.
The model will allow learning consumer demands and current supply trends. The approach of the knowledge can effectively increase the collaboration of farmers and ensure that the industry grows the right quantities of the right food - without the need for subsidies. Essentially, the center offers a full suite of services - from field to market - as we work to develop sustainable agriculture for Abu Dhabi. To increase farming productivity and contribute to national food security and sustainable agriculture.
The solution can be replicated in countries where its land has the ability to withstand soil salinity and with less consume water.
Abu Dhabi Farmers' Services Center (ADFSC)
Head Office, Abu Dhabi.
Address: Mohammed Bin Zayed City Building, Capital Mall, Floor 2-5.
Telephone: +97128138888 / +97128138889 Fax: +97128139999
Women`s cooperative movement in Turkey started in early 2000s with the aim to bring female labor force into economy, support and develop social and cultural activities of women, and provide better health and environment.
One of the examples of the this trend is Hıdırlık Agricultural Development Cooperative founded by seven women in 2010 to give women of Seferihisar district of Izmir, Turkey, an opportunity to earn livings from production and sale of home-made food and products and gain economic independence.
Nowadays, the Hıdırlık Rural Development Cooperative consists of more than 80 members, where more than 400 women are direct economic beneficiaries.
To ensure the adequate income for the producers and farmers, especially women, the solution organizes women-producer and offers them services in selling home-made food and products via the internet and providing trainings on food preparation, hygiene and agriculture to improve the quality of the products.
The members of the cooperative collect local natural products such as grapes and other fruits grown in home gardens and sale the products through e-commerce. Cooperative products offered to the customers in Izmir and Istanbul are highly demanded due to low prices as women put a small commission of 2%, on the products. The significant increase in orders has affected logistics in town, increasing the number of “Cargo Business”. This initiative also motivates husbands of women to engage in sales by taking orders.
The cooperative use "organic agriculture" and "good farming" production methods in order to supply more organic agriculture products, including organic seeds.
Women sale the products on local Bazaars on Sundays and on "producer bazaar" (spices, fruits, vegetables, honey, herbs, pickles, bread, cheese, eggs, etc.) on Tuesdays for customers from Seferihisar and neighboring districts.
The solution achieved the following results:
The cooperative activities cause substantial social effect in the area: increased women visibility in society; the increased earnings led to invest more in education of children; motivated young females to receive higher education and reduced migration of locals to big cities
Partners: Seferihisar Municipality, Association for Supporting Slow Living, Izmir University of Economics Culinary Arts Department.
Hıdırlık Agricultural Development Cooperative
Address: 107. Street No. 12 Tepecik Mahallesi Seferihisar / Izmir
Contact person: Dilek Özkan
Telephone: 0 541 955 16 11
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and collective farms, farmers in Kyrgyzstan were left without an organization that would be responsible for on-farm irrigation. One of the first from former Soviet republics Kyrgyzstan introduced water fees and formed participatory Water Users Associations (WUAs) for on-farm irrigation operation and maintenance.
In August 13, 1997 the Government built a legal foundation to introduce the system of WUAs around the country and in March 2002, institutionalized them by adopting the Law on Water User Associations.
The main functions of a WUA are operation and maintenance of the on-farm irrigation system, including water fee collection, water distribution and dispute resolution and self-financing of these tasks, while the government keeps responsibility for the inter-farm irrigation networks and main canals.
The WUAs operate under the principles of self-interest, ownership and community participation where water users are actively involved in the discussion on budgeting and identifying priorities to be given to user’s applications for the rehabilitation of infrastructure.
The management structure of WUAs is the following:
At the beginning of the season, each farmer has to make a contract with the WUA about the amount of water he needs. Accordingly, the WUA makes a contract with the RayVodKhoz (District Water Administration) on the overall amount of water. All WUAs have to pay a water fee of 0,03 KGS (equivalent to 0,0004 USD) per m³ to the RayVodKhoz for the transportation of the water. WUAs have the right to determine fees per estimated costs to cover fee to RayVodKhoz, staff salaries, social duties, rehabilitation work, taxes, transportation costs, administration costs, water loss.
To ensure transparency and accountability, information on the budget is publicly accessible in WUA offices. Farmers who are not members of the WUA but use water from channels under WUA responsibility have to pay higher fees (around 1.5 times) that determined by the WUA.
Currently, the country is numbering 486 WUAs that serve 70% of the irrigated land with total number of members of more than 166,000.
As a result of the reform:
Partners: The World Bank, UNDP, Swiss Agency for Development, USAID, FAO.
Union of WUAs of Kyrgyz Republic
Phone: +996 (312) 56-45-86, mоb: +996 (778) 21-44-21
Turkey is one of the most significant countries in the world for its richness in plant genetic resources and plant diversity and one of the centres of origin and/or diversity of several crop plants and many plant The Central Research Institute for Field Crops (CRIFC) carries out applied and basic scientific researches on improving new field crop varieties by conventional and molecular breeding methods and producing elite seeds of those varieties.
Since 2009 CRIFC with support of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has been applying the doubled haploid methods that shortens the breeding period and the duration of the development of genetically pure lines. The production of doubled haploids (DH) has become a necessary tool in advanced plant breeding institutes and commercial companies for breeding many crop species, including Barley and Wheat. Doubled haploid technology creates efficiencies in plant breeding by bypassing the natural sexual reproductive process.
The research conducted by the CRIFC aimed to:
Achieved results are:
Standard breeding programs require 50 thousand euros each year and bigger fields with 2000 lines, while application of the DH method needs nearly 17 thousand euros and 200 DH lines, therefore a smaller field, that makes substantial difference in terms of resources required, expected yield and environmental impact.
Partners: ICARDA, wheat and barley breeders
Central Research Institute for Field Crops
Address: Şehit Cem Ersever Cad. No: 9-11 Yenimahalle ANKARA
Fax: + 90 312 327 28 93
Telephone: + 90 312 343 10 50
Marine fish farms mostly localized in the seas of around İzmir, Muğla and Aydın provinces created serious conflicts between public, tourism stakeholders and fish farmers due to environmental or visual pollutions created by aquaculture.
To solve the conflicts between stakeholders, Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey initiated new regulations on environmentally sustainable aquaculture in 2007 that have been implemented by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey.
The regulations consist of the arrangements on the monitoring of the Tropical Index for Marine Systems (TRIX). According to the index, no fish far can be established in the closed bay areas where eutrophication risk is high and existing fish farms are not allowed to function. Also, marine fish cages were transported to the area 1.1 km away from the coast. The area must have minimum 30 m depth and 0.1 m/s current speed. These regulations covered all the entrepreneurs (existing and new) as above mentioned.
The most important success here was resulted from making regulations and obligation of farmers to these regulations. Fish farmer associations, although they were against the regulations at first, made efforts to convince their members. Moreover, availability of specific materials for open sea helped the farm transfers.
The inter-sectoral conflicts have not yet finished completely, but have been able to be diminished at a remarkable level. The pollutions of closed bays, particularly those with limited water current, were prevented. Due to the transfer of the sea cages to the open sea, both marine aquaculture and tourism activities can be operated in the same region. In other words, Turkish marine aquaculture presently gives minimum impacts on the coast thanks to the regulations.
Budget: Construction of durable cage systems for open seas costs 500-700 $/ton fish for 10 m diameter cages and 200-300 $/ton fish for 20 m diameter cages.
Partners: General directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey, Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, Aquaculture Farmers Association
General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey
Address: Eskişehir Yolu 9. Km Lodumlu / ANKARA
Telephone: +90 312 258 3016 (10 lines)
Fax: +90 312 258 3060
Soil protection, including protection against erosion plays an important role in tillage systems applied in environmentally friendly grape growing technologies. In the significant part of the Hungarian vineyards with sandy soils, the intensive mechanization of the last decades had a series of unfavorable impacts on the soil. The Balaton Wine Region is characterized by conditions with ecologically less favored, drier growing sites (in certain vintage years). According to forecasts droughts will become more frequent, the average temperature will rise and heavy rains are expected to become more common due to climate change. Abiotic stress conditions due to improper soil cultivation will have a negative impact on the growth of vines.
For the partial elimination of the problems in soil biology life, soil structure, and environment protection and for the development of the mechanization technology Hungary developed the modern and unique environment-friendly tillage systems. To investigate the effects of the treatments on the change in soil moisture, the nutrient supply of both the plant and the soil as well as on harvest results, in 2006 the Badacsony Research Institute for Viticulture and Oenology of the National Agricultural Innovation Centre started a long-term experiment, which included series of comparative tests on soil cultivation methods in the institute’s vineyards on the southern slopes (12 to 14%) of the Badacsony hill in the Badacsony Wine District, with vines planted in a hill to valley direction.
Within the experiment vineyards with cover crops, straw cover methods have been developed. Chemical treatments were replaced with modern, controlled line cultivation machines, and for the loosening of compacted soils are carried out subsoiling.
The following methods have been compared: soil covering with organic waste, permanent and temporary plant covering and mechanical tillage in a (peak-to-valley-way) sloping system. It was found that amongst the lines examined the inter-row area covered by straw had the highest soil moisture content. Therefore, the most optimal and effective method in terms of soil nutrient supply and moisture retention is the mulching process with organic plant residues. An additional and essential advantage of this process is the enhanced effectiveness combating the erosion process.
Soil covering - the mulch or cover crops (temporary and permanent plant cover) - eventually assists in protecting the soil from drying out, from erosion, deflation and their role in weed control cannot be neglected either. In the event of an oversupply of rain, it reduces eventual disorders in nutrient supply (N, P, K). The cover crops (especially the pea-flower mix) help in compensating soil compaction, in optimizing the nutrient supply (especially nitrogen), in maintaining favorable soil moisture conditions as well as positively influencing, increasing the organic contents of the soil.
The benefit of using the organic covering material (mulching matter) is confirmed by the fact that in every vintage it has positive effects on the various parameters of the soil (optimal soil moisture content, nutrient-uptake-condition) and the amount of yield increase significantly in comparison to the mechanically till aged control treatment.
To spread information on this solution among the grape producers the experimental results have been published on production technological presentations, university conferences, in journals and in the university education.
Budget: 1000-1800 EUR/ha (including mulching matter as well as delivery and cost of getting out. If consider the costs, a significantly cheaper solution from the periodic plant mulching methods is the mulching with leguminous plants, while they fix the atmospheric nitrogen in an available form for the plants, at the same time they loosen the soil with their roots and save it from the erosion.
Partners: Technical University of Budapest, Pannon University of Keszthely, St. Stephen`s University
National Agricultural Innovation Centre
Badacsony Research Insitute for Viticulture and Oenology
Address: Badacsony Research Station: 8261 Badacsonytomaj, Római út 181, Hungary
Contact person: Dr. Varga Péter, Senior Research Fellow
Phone: + 36 87 532200
Hungary has mandatory regulations of school feeding in place that set up nutritional requirements for different age groups with the objective to achieve healthier meals in mass catering, thus contributing to the prevention of diet-related non-communicable diseases, and childhood obesity.
By assisting to avoid certain nutritional risk factors already at early age, the legislation offers solution for a wide societal demand.
The provisions apply to kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, institutes providing social care, homes providing care and protection for children, and to patient catering in health care institutes.
The main areas regulated by the decree are the followings:
School Food Policy (SFP) is embedded in other policy as for health or education.
The decree No. 19 of 2015 (IV. 24.) of the Hungary Ministry of Agriculture regulates the kindergarten and school milk program. This Decree in line with EU norms, foresees a contribution to be granted to a wide range of educational institutes (kindergarten to secondary schools, and schools for pupils with special educational needs) for the distribution (of an average quantity of 0,25 liter) of milk per student.
In the framework of this “School Milk Program” the Hungarian Government gives price subsidy to schools and nursery schools which provide milk, cocoa or lactose-free milk to the children In addition to milk, the children now already get yogurt, kefir and cheese. Target group: 4-18 year old school children
Duration: 27 week
Accompanying educational measures: tasting classes, educational material, farm visits, contests and rewards promoting healthy eating habits.
The milk products are financed by community resources and central budget funds.
Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary
Tel: +36 1 7953 998
The economic strengthening of small farmers/family farmers may contribute to increase their negotiating power: more weight in contract negotiations, ensuring fair terms and conditions, gaining access to public and larger scale markets. The whole regulation of family farming is currently under review in Hungary that extends to tax policy, land policy, civil law and support policy. The collaboration between family farmers who are strong and adequate for legal standard may reduce competition between many small un-coordinated supply chains.
Finally in term of this kind of moral and mutual support can combat isolation felt by small-scale producers; it can assist the integration of newcomers into food and farming sectors.
Currently it is not possible to esteem concrete budget although it would be worthwhile to looked at the following costs:
Research institutions, governmental and civil collaboration needed.
First of all ground-level studies are requested and then law, tax and agricultural administration experts can work on local legal framework.
Ministry of Agriculture of Hungary
Department for EU and FAO Affairs
Department for Agriculture
Anikó HETYEI, expert
Katalin Olga KUJANI expert
Turkey is one of the most suitable countries for organic farming due to the presence of a wide variety of agro-food products ranging from cold temperate to subtropical well adapted to different agro-ecosystems, rich biodiversity and traditions in agriculture.
Organic agricultural support policies in Turkey include:
In Turkey 35% of total conventional milk production occurs in the Ege Region. Izmir Province is one of the provinces with the highest milk production with 22% of the production in the Ege Region. Organic agriculture is a form of agricultural production in which chemical input is not used and where each step from production to consumption is controlled and certified. Therefore, adopting and applying organic agriculture methods is increasingly being considered by farmers.
Tire Milk Cooperative is one of the 21 Organic Products Producer Organizations in Turkey that operate in organic agriculture.
The success of Tire in dairy production can be attributed to a plentiful natural infrastructure including natural resources, climate, and topography; favorable economic and regulatory conditions provided by the government; private sector and private bank involvement; the introduction and spread of modern technologies and scientific approaches; funding possibilities and improved financial systems; availability of trained workers; the support of Tire and İzmir municipalities and the good management of the cooperative.
Tire Milk Cooperative has developed partnership with:
Thus, institutional arrangements have helped in using technologies to increase agricultural productivity in the dairy sector.
Organic farming is a form of farming that requires less investment and offers greater reductions in costs. The farmer converting to organic methods can reduce his costs very effectively, for example, by recycling as much material on the farm as possible. Labor costs can be reduced by taking preventive measures against disease, pests and weeds. He can reduce investment costs by using local plants to prepare proprietary pesticides, by rearing animals to produce fertilizer, milk, eggs and meat, by producing his own cattle feed, sharing equipment and machinery with his neighbors, etc.
The important thing is that Turkey has the necessary preconditions for the development of organic farming. Farmers are familiar with the production technologies. And it is necessary to continually educate and guide interested producers regarding this type of agriculture.
Economic indicators tell us that organic production is gaining in significance today. Prices of organic products are still high, despite the increase in sales volume – between 15% and 50% more than the equivalent product obtained through conventional production methods. There is great potential for development of the local market.
Tire Milk Cooperative grew into a big organization with several intermediary services for its members and also created a strong brand with wide range of dairy products in both regional and national markets.
Tire Dairy Cooperative work under the European Union standards and protect small-scale dairy producers.
The cooperative plays a ‘hub role’ in spreading information, knowledge, innovation, and technology among all stakeholders in the dairy sector. More importantly, it makes great efforts to encourage the development of modern animal husbandry in Tire and shows the latest and most advanced techniques to its members.
Cooperative had changed life and gave more income and opportunity to farmers and city. Cooperative is an important employment source with its 285 employees in its region.
Developing the organic farming, cooperative has economic, cultural and social benefits:
Organic farming is orientated towards the future and towards further development, not just in terms of environmental protection and the improvement of human health, but also in terms of economic prosperity
Turkey, Menemen / İzmir
International Agricultural Research and Training Center (IARTC)
Telephone : +90 232 831 10 52 Fax: +90 232 831 10 51
In Turkey, the wastewater utilization for agricultural purposes, in particular, by plants is an important strategy for water resource conservation aimed to use absorbent plants for reduction of pollution parameters, reduce environmental pollution, create a cleaner environment' to reuse wastewater for different purposes, to improve and maintain water quality; to provide recreational area.
Wetlands are considered as low-cost alternatives for treating municipal, industrial and agricultural effluents. The main advantages of utilizing effluents for irrigation purposes is that many of the substances present in wastewater can be used as nutrients for crops, and would otherwise probably contaminate the receiving water body, and there is the additional advantage that less chemical fertilizers are needed. The salinity level of wastewater, organic and inorganic toxic compound content are usually not high enough to prevent its use for irrigation purposes.
Compared to conventional treatment systems, wetland technology is cheaper, easier to operate and maintain. Easy construction of these systems even with simple technology is the main advantage of these systems. Minimal fossil fuel is required and no chemicals are necessary. An additional benefit of using wetlands for wastewater treatment is the multi-purpose sustainable utilization of the facility for various aspects such as swamp fisheries, biomass production, seasonal agriculture, water supply, public recreation, wild life conservation and scientific study.
Since introduction of the solution in Turkey:
Budget: Cost-contribution of each villager is 15USD (for community above 1000 people).
International Agricultural Research and Training Center
Address: Camikebir Mah. Çavuşköyyolu Sokak No: 9 Menemen-İzmir/TÜRKİYE
Contact person: Dilek Kahranan, Cenk Kucukyumuk
Telephone: +90 232 831 10 52
Fax: +90 232 831 10 521
Problem: For many agricultural needs, the alternative is solar energy. Solar systems provide the alternative energy, however, there is a demand to irrigate where it is needed, and when it is needed for crops, for livestock, and for people.
Solution: The mobile solar irrigation machine is a portable photovoltaic powered water pumping system.
Goals and objectives: The solar-powered irrigation machine aims to be transferable to anywhere and be able to irrigate more than one field.
Implementation: The solution designed and produced by Harran University and Cukurova University with support of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey.
The system sets an example to the utilization of environmental friendly renewable energy resources through integration with modern agricultural irrigation systems. In contrast to the conventional PV- supported systems this machine is mobile. It tracks the sun automatically in two axes and has a self-cleaner unit.
The mobile solar irrigation machine operates trouble-free when set-up to irrigate a field during day-time. It can be used for 14 hours during high irrigation season. This requires the establishment of a pump with enough capacity to provide the required amount of water.
Achievement: The system has been awarded a patent by the Turkish Patent Institute.
Mobile solar irrigation machine can be used inevitably during power-off period in some irrigated areas of the country. The system could also be utilized as a generator during non-irrigation season. The system owner can transfer the produced electricity to the national grid through a bi-directional electric meter and benefit from the feed-in tariff during off-season.
The machine installation cost per field cost is considerably lower. If located in a field without an existing power electricity line, mobile irrigation machine pays itself back in one year. The existing PV array of the machine is a prototype and could be easily be designed in smaller or larger scale depending on the underground water level, and irrigation area. The prototype (pumping 70 tone/hour water at max. 170m depth) costs 25000$.
Partners: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Livestock of Turkey
Turkey, GAP Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü
Address: Paşabağı Mah. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Bulvarı No:106 PK:75 63040 Haliliye / ŞANLIURFA
Contact person: Ümran ATAY
Telephone: +90 (414) 313 28 83/84
Fax : +90 (414) 313 28 82
Agriculture represents a major share of the Uzbek economy contributing 20% to GDP, 30% to employment and 40% to exports and has grown rapidly over the past decade. This growth has attracted many new entrants all along the commodity value chains from input providers and producers to post-harvest processing, marketing and retail sales actors. These new economic actors are in need of reliable, relevant and context specific information in a local language in a mobile format.
MEVA is an android based mobile application that was developed under USAID’s Agricultural Linkages Project(ALP) project with support of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of Uzbekistan in 2015
The MEVA Application provides a “gateway to information” for Uzbek farmers, particularly those involved in orchard and vineyard production.
The purpose of the solution is to provide information in a portable, flexible and easy to use digital format with images, videos and brief instruction to increase knowledge for more efficient and effective decision making by economic actors. The App provides in depth information and tools to support optimal species selection, equipment and input purchasing, integrated pest management, orchard and vineyard management, and investment planning. Information is presented through interactive displays that are complete with pictures, customized “calculators” to support decision making, safety information, and links to additional resources.
The application uses a local database to store all the digital content in the device and to operate offline that enable users in areas with low or no mobile reception take advantage of this feature. The installation file of the app can also be transferred to another device using Bluetooth or any other File Sharing protocols in order to avoid internet charges.
ALP has developed a library of training and informational materials that can be used in the context of the fruit value chains. Links for materials are available in the app and can be downloaded on PDF format. Application was developed in Uzbek language aiming for audience in Uzbekistan. However, the application is in public domain and can be repurposed for other regions as well.
The MEVA application is the first horticulture app in Uzbekistan and is being used by institutions, farmers, students and consultants as a study guide and as a quick reference. Its implementation led to positive changes in horticulture production, in particular:
The application is highlighted as one of the visually rich applications in a local aggregator website called Afisha.uz.
The application was officially released to Google Play market on 7 April 2015 and can be downloaded for free from the following link:
Budget: around 40000 USD, including the work of an illustrator.
Partner: The Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of Uzbekistan.
Representative office of” Development Alternatives Inc.” in Uzbekistan
Contact person: Sardor Kadirov, IT-specialist
Telephone: + 998977017510