Thursday, 25 June 2015 12:27

The relationship between OFID and the Palestinian people dates back more than three decades. During this time, OFID has worked hard, through the provision of grant assistance, to lay foundations for the empowerment of palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well  as for those in refugee camps in neighbouring countries. Today, these people are enduring one of the most challenging periods of their turbulent history. Despite these challenges, however, life must go on. Palestinians still need to support themselves, they still need to raise and educate their children, and they still need the basic essentials such as food and shelter. Recognizing this, OFID`s support to Palestine reaches deep into people`s everyday lives, building human capacity and focusing on projects that offer Palestinians the hope of a long-term, sustainable future. In uniting with the Palestinian people, OFID has co-financed hundreds of projects, extending valuable lifelines to this vulnerable population as they pursue their dream of an independent and secure Palestinian State.

OFID offers both targeted accelerated assistance, known as the Special Grant Account for Palestine and the Pal Fund to work on micro-financing for projects in Palestine.

Results to date:

Regarding its specific partnership with the UNDP Palestine programme OFID has worked on providing solar renewable energy in the region. Under its joint programme with UNDP 4 schools will be operated through the use of solar cells for lighting purposes where school students became familiar with the use of such type of alternative power resources and expressed their willingness to learn more about the possibility of using this technology in their houses. The donor was satisfied with the implementation of the project and the progress reports delivered at the exact dates along with the disbursement.

Countries that benefited:

Egypt, Djibouti, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Mauritania, Palestine, Tunisia

Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 1,000,000

Total Budget (USD):5,293,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Iman Al Husseini
Infrastructure
UNDP/PAPP
Omar Bin Abdel Aziz Street, Al Remal
Gaza
+972599606775
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The first-of-its-kind Knowledge Access for Rural Inter-connected Areas Network (KariaNet) was established as a regional network for the management and sharing of knowledge, information and experience in agriculture and rural development in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region. 

In its second phase, the Network embraced u2018open access principles', and through the use of ICT and non-ICT tools made knowledge available to its stakeholders, consisting of development practitioners, government agencies, researchers, private sector as well as national and regional NGOs involved in rural development. 

The aim was to link up the knowledge providers and knowledge brokers with knowledge seekers (two-way knowledge flow) through three thematic networks: 

  1. knowledge management systems and practices in agriculture and rural development;
  2. food security; and
  3. rural enterprise development. 

The Vision:

KariaNet aims to enhance the overall performance and effectiveness of development projects in MENA, to enable the rural poor to overcome their poverty.

The Objectives:

  • To initiate and sustain a knowledge management hub that builds on and expands the existing networks and initiatives on knowledge management and knowledge sharing in rural development in ten countries in the MENA region;
  • To build and sustain national and regional competences needed in networking in knowledge management in food security and rural enterprise development.
  • To enhance knowledge sharing and management culture and practices supported by the use of ICT`s and non-ICT`s tools for agricultural and rural development.
  • To sustain the network after KariaNet II.

The beneficiaries: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. 

Since 2010, KariaNet II has been testing different methodologies to enhance knowledge exchange across projects, such as learning routes, learning alliances, action research projects and innovation contests. The beneficiary countries in the region were diverse in terms of their contexts, needs and languages, so sub-regional activities were planned in addition to national and regional ones. This created synergies and allowed for productive engagement in issues of common concern. 

  • KariaNet built a regional network with 390 members, trained in documentation and systematization, in how to use KM-KS tools and methods, how to build online KM communities using social media.
  • Implementation of 35 face-to-face activities including: 14 regional-level workshops and review meetings, and 21 national-level workshops and capacity-building activities.
  • Knowledge mapping studies were completed in nine countries to assess the status of KM-KS. These were synthesized into a regional report and policy briefs on the status of KM-KS in MENA.
  • Three action research activities on KM-KS were initiated in Algeria, Egypt and Palestine as a state-of-the-art work on knowledge management in the region.
  • The website (www.karianet.org) served as a repository of knowledge in three languages: English, French and Arabic
  • Google groups evolved into communities of practices, with exchanges around KM-KS (documenting, systematization, learning routes) focusing on regional priorities including water management, farmers` organizations, and access to market

In 2013, the Network was successfully devolved to the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit of the American University of Beirut - the new regional host of KariaNet. The regional projects continue to benefit from the successful methodologies. 

Partners: IFAD, IDRC, IFAD-financed projects in the NENA region and the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit of the American University of Beirut.

Contact details: 
Abdelkarim Sma 
Country Program Manager 
IFAD/PMD/NEN 
Via Paolo di Dono 44 
00142 Rome, Italy 
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500 
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500 
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 11:55

The Agricultural Resources Management Project (phase 2 is implemented through five local community support units in the agricultural lands the governorates of Karak, Tafila and Ma`an in southern heights in Jordan.

The project aims at improving food and water security; and increasing the level of income of targeted groups through local community development and empowering women to actively participate in the usage, administration, and preservation of land and water resources.

The project objectives are to:

  • Form water users associations to make farmers participate in the administration maintenance, and preservation of springs and waterways;
  • Rehabilitate springs and padding waterways in order to improve the efficiency of springs and minimize water waste, which would increase the amount of water reaching farms and trees;
  • Renovate perennial olive trees and encouraging farmers to cultivate new plants and improve production techniques;
  • Train farmers on agricultural best practices in the maintenance of springs and waterways.

The project activities include building capacity of the farmers through trainings on best techniques of irrigation, rehabilitation of perennial olive trees and management of the demand, utilization and preservation of water, providing chemical fertilizers, spraying insecticides, and paying for trimmers, protecting springheads and building small tanks in farms for accumulation and pumping of water.

The project efforts have led to:

  • Improving access to the water in the springhead;
  • Increasing water flow to the spring;
  • Reducing the rate of water wasted directly from the soil or through evaporation ;
  • Making water reach agricultural land in an easier manner;
  • Increasing cultivated areas and increasing the productivity of irrigated trees;
  • Saving time and efforts exerted in the irrigation of trees.

Partners: IFAD and local communities

Contact details: 
Jordan 
Mamoon Al Adaileh, 
Ministry of Agriculture
ARMPII - SLM officer
Phone: 00962799059149
Fax: 0096232322875
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Saturday, 05 December 2015 11:26

In the hilly areas that have been neglected – and/or affected by the July 2006 war – the project addresses opportunities for farmers to increase their output and income through:

  • raising agricultural productivity, improving quality of products and lowering production costs for existing farming systems, which are based mostly on fruits and vegetables;
  • adding value through post-harvest support services to increase farm profitability and income; and
  • enhancing processing and marketing services with local enterprises and generating employment to assist those without sufficient land resources.

The solution’s design includes: 

  1. improvements in soil and water management and development of small and medium-size water harvesting and soil and water conservation measures;
  2. improvements in agricultural productivity and market linkages for small farmers by provision of technical support services; and
  3. strengthening the capacities of the project implementing agencies and farmer organizations.

Focus areas of the project were selected based on the following criteria: 

  • Areas affected by the war
  • Areas with limited agricultural productivity capabilities
  • Areas most vulnerable to desertification.

Sustainable water harvesting and efficient use of excess runoff and spring flow, in addition to soil and water conservation measures and modern irrigation are considered as climate change enabling activities supporting long-term and short-term mitigation measures and adaptation. Water harvesting technique through small mountainous lakes are less environmentally damaging compared to bigger water dams, and thus are of relatively positive environmental impact.

Since the project implementation small hill lakes (reservoirs) have been constructed, ranging in size from 20 000 to 50 000 cubic meters, on a pilot basis, for storing water from springs, runoffs and harvested rainwater to be for irrigation by small groups of farms.

The project provided water for lands which were left fallow due to shortages of water and increased the interest in recultivating the abandoned areas and due to the project intervention: 

  • Cropping intensity increased and the cultivated land area increased;
  • Farmers became more willing in investing in water harvesting techniques such as terracing and small concrete reservoirs;
  • Increasing water harvesting coupled with the use of modern irrigation techniques at the farm level became a more economical way of increasing water availability, yields, production and income, particularly for the poor smallholders.

Partners: The Ministry of Agriculture, the Green Plan, Farmer groups and Water Users Associations, municipalities, private contractors and consultants, IFAD, OFID, Government of Lebanon

Contact details: 
Lebanon
Eng. Ali El Hajj 
Coordinator of Comp. 1, HASAD
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Knowledge Network: Morocco

Geographic focus: The GRB centre is a global centre open to all countries. The centre is based in Morocco with a specific focus on Arab-speaking and French-speaking countries.

Thematic areas:

  1. Gender-based assessment of public policies
  2. Results-based and gender sensitive public finance management
  3. Gender sensitive statistics and data
  4. Gender responsive planning and budgeting at local level.

Steps/stages:

The Moroccan Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) centre of excellence was launched in November 2012 during an international high-level conference on GRB held in Morocco. More than 30 countries from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America participated to this exchange. During 2012, an electronic platform of the centre of excellence was elaborated. It is a system for GRB knowledge management that allow setting up different communities of practice made up of members wanting to share, innovate and learn together.

Before the official launch of the centre, south-south exchange workshops were organized to experiment this mechanisms. A first workshop on GRB for officials representing ministries of finance, sectoral department and statistics institutions from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Mauritania was organized on November 2010. Another bilateral workshop was organized on December 2012 for officials from Morocco and Tunisia.

Results to Date:

  1. A knowledge management electronic platform for Gender Responsive Budgeting knowledge
  2. A website sharing global knowledge on GRB : www.grbmorocco2012.com
  3. More than 20 presentations on different topics related to GRB: normative and policy environment for GR/GRB countries experiences / Accountability tools for Gender Equality / GRB approaches and budgetary programming/  democratic space for gender-responsive budget/ Public Financial management reforms and gender-responsive outcomes in context of crises
  4. 17 country profiles on national gender responsive budgeting experiences
  5. Other documentation on GRB and gender
  6. A list of national experts on gender responsive budgeting

Focal Point and Contact:
Mohamed Chafiki
Directorate of Studies and Financial Forecasts
Ministry of Economy and Finance
32 Rue Honain Angle, Avenue Michlifen
Agdal, Rabat
Morocco
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The Regional Centre for Plant Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology was established in Doha in support of Qatar`s efforts to develop the region`s agro-genetic engineering capacities.

The Center will serve as an international Center of Excellence for scientific research in the field of genetic engineering and biotechnology as well as a know-how and information hub for regional centers and research institutions in Arab countries. By pioneering state-of-the-art research solutions related to plant genetic engineering and biotechnology, the Centre will contribute to increased agricultural production and improved nutritional quality of food, crucial to food security and poverty reduction efforts in the Arab region. 

The objectives are: 

  1. To develop and promote the application of biotechnology in the agricultural sector to address issues of low productivity and enhance agricultural production and biotech research in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other Arab countries;
  2. To assist GCC and other Arab countries in strengthening their scientific and technological capabilities in the field of biotechnology (i.e. Training of biotech Researchers);
  3. To serve as a forum of exchange of information and act as a knowledge hub, experience and know-how and to act as a focal point of a network of affiliated (national, subregional and regional) centers and research institutions in GCC and other Arab countries;
  4. To develop and harmonize biosafety regulations in the GCC countries and eventually other Arab countries (i.e. Biosafety regulations); and
  5. To exploit plant genetic resources available in local gene banks and in situ collections using gene marker-related breeding techniques.

The Centre's main achievements that can be replicated involve provision of capacity building support to researchers from GCC and other Arab countries in strengthening their scientific and technological capabilities in the field of plant genetic engineering and biotechnology. The State of Qatar has played a leading role in the area of commercial tissue culture in the region.

To date, as part of the medium-term research programme, plant tissue culture protocols for commercial purposes were developed for 15 varieties of plant species, consisting of ornamental plants, endangered desert plants, plants of medicinal value and fruit crops - including those native to Qatar. The aforementioned plant species included: Glossanema and Atriplex, both wild plants grown in the desert, subject to foraging by camels and threatened by extinction; Quisqualis indica, an ornamental plant; Fragaria virginiata and Psidium guava, fruit crops, among others.

As a result of this project, plant tissue culture techniques that are commercially viable to propagate in a laboratory were newly introduced. The scientific and technological capabilities of 79 researchers from Qatar, as well as Yemen, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq in the field of plant biotechnology (e.g. biochemistry, microbiology, chemical technology and genetics) has been developed and strengthened through technical assistance and capacity building support, including two workshops on basic and advanced techniques, designing and conducting a mini research and visits to project sites and applications under the guidance of expert researchers. 

Furthermore, the project has also contributed to the establishment of a fully equipped plant tissue culture laboratory including provision of laboratory equipment for purposes of research and training.

Partners: IFAD, Ministry of Environment (the former Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture), Qatar; Serendib Horticulture Technologies Middle East WLL. 

Contact details: 
Abdelkarim Sma 
Country Program Manager 
IFAD/PMD/NEN 
Via Paolo di Dono 44 
00142 Rome, Italy 
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500 
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500 
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

The project contributes to assessment of potential links and roles between conflict, food security/poverty and rural development on the basis of an innovate methodological framework which applies quantitative and qualitative methods at the regional, country, and project levels of analysis.

The advantage of the multi-level approach is also to explore how policy conclusions derived at the local level could be reasonably scaled up to deal with national and regional security concerns. Such a multi-level assessment has also materialized in a multi-layer visualization tool of the data (Arab Spatial) that is provided as a public good online (www.arabspatial.org) for further analyses on the NENA region. 

As a result from the cross-country, national and project-level analyses, IFAD/IFPRI has produced and disseminated several policy papers: 

  • Does food security matter for conflict in Arab countries? The case of Arab Exceptionalism
  • Local warming and violent conflict in North and South Sudan
  • Extreme weather events and civil war in Somalia
  • Managing transition in Yemen
  • Tackling Egypt`s food insecurity in times of transition.

The most replicable outcome achieved is the Arab Spatial interactive tool, which aims to improve access to quality information to support decision-making and policy-making in the Arab world. It provides access to data on macro-economic and governance; trade; agriculture, water, and energy; poverty, health, nutrition, and access to services; and much more. It is also possible to retrieve detailed information at the regional, national, subnational, and pixel level. Arab Spatial 2.0 is intended only as a start. The goal is to expand this tool to include more information, for example, on government and international organizations` development projects, including those in other regions. The rationale for Arab Spatial 2.0 is that improved data quality and open access can help policy-makers and researchers better understand how to decrease vulnerability, fight against food insecurity and poverty, and ultimately bring better lives to people in the Arab world.

The Arab Spatial tool is an outstanding solution that analyzes food availability, accessibility, stability and utilization, and the resulting nutritional status of individuals. These dimensions of food security are related to the macro-economy, developments in key sectors and governance; population, access to services, poverty, nutrition and disease; and external shocks and interventions. Moreover, it includes: 

  • A gallery of downloadable and pre-made graphs that tells narrative stories about Arab nations` development and food security;
  • Customized analytical tools that allow users to compare and explore data by indicators, regions, year, and download the results;
  • New multi-layer maps that dynamically track IFAD development projects geographically in the context of more than 200 food security and development indicators;
  • Enhanced user experience with simpler navigation and greater interactivity; and A new Iraq spatial customized for more targeted and detailed country-level information. 

Partners: IFAD and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), including the beneficiary countries in the NENA region, specifically Egypt, Gaza and the West Bank, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen 

Contact details: 
Abdelkarim Sma 
Country Program Manager 
IFAD/PMD/NEN 
Via Paolo di Dono 44 
00142 Rome, Italy 
Tel. +39 06 5459 2500 
Fax + 39 06 5459 3500 
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 09:44

The project is designed to support the Government in improving the economic and commercial standing of rural communities and enterprises to increase food security, international market competitiveness and reduce rural poverty.

On the basis of a holistic and gender sensitive approach, the project contributes to achieving the following objectives: 

  • Improve the performance of selected agro-enterprises (including food, beverage, textile and furniture production) for enhanced competitiveness and access to the global markets.
  • Empower rural communities by strengthening the overall capabilities of local cooperatives and encouraging their participation in development activities in a gender sensitive manner.

Each targeted SME benefits from technical equipment, training, business and marketing plans tailored to the particular case. A number of SMEs has been upgraded to directly contribute to creating additional job opportunities.

At the community level, the project leads to a more capable rural community organization addressing not only their priorities but also facilitating their ongoing participation in their development process. A number of households (rural producers) that benefited from this support, which is expected to: 

  • Revitalize the rural communities' productive capacity;
  • Diversify non-farm jobs; and
  • Explore new markets, especially in Europe and the MENA region.

At the institutional level, the project supports the diffusion of the lessons learned and success stories from the target to non-target areas and constitutes a platform for Government to adopt and scale-up. 

At the social level, the project contributes to rights-based local development, taking into consideration the specific needs of different social groups of community, particularly women, men and youth. Given the crucial role that women play in the food production sector, the project encourages their participation in its activities. The improved quality of life and opportunities gained from the project economic outputs contributes to stemming urban migration, particularly of youth groups.

Partners: Ministry of Industry (MoI), Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Ministry of Economy and Trade (MoET), the Association of Lebanese Industrialists (ALI), the Syndicate of Lebanese Food Industrialists (SLFI) and the Instituto per la Cooperazione Universitaria (ICU). 

Contact details: 
Mr. Cristiano Massimo PASINI, UNIDO Representative 
Address: Riadh Solh Square, P.O. Box 11-8575, Beirut, Lebanon 
Telephone: +9611974807
Fax: +9611981415
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Monday, 20 June 2016 09:34

The food security situation across Somalia remains alarming and the main contributing factors to high food insecurity are the poor rainfall and drought conditions, trade disruption, new and protracted displacement and chronic poverty. 1.6% only of Somali’s total farmland is cultivated and the rest is remained unutilized. The main problem for the agricultural development is the high cost of applying new modern techniques and technologies in local conditions. Somalis had traditionally engaged in rain-fed, dry-land farming completed by irrigation from Jubba and Shabelle river of collected rainwater.  Combination of traditional farming method and advanced method from both agricultural systems is the most sustainable solution to increase the production and food security of poor farming households. 

In 2014, Hamdi Organization for Relief and Development  with support from Diaspora and fromn own funds implemented a solution based on the combination of traditional methods with advanced ones to support 60 rain-fed farmers in both lower and middle Shabelles, in particular Bananey village and Cadayley village from Jawhar and Afgoye districts respectively.  The communities and local authorities were mobilized and informed about the project objectives, activities, selection criteria and entitlement.

Needs assessment of the target area have been carried out by livelihood team together with community representatives and local administration to identify the most vulnerable farming households. 30 farming households were selected from each village based on the pre-designed criteria, validated and vetted by the community elders. The 60 farms were registered and provided with agriculture input, including seeds, land preparation facilities, farming tools, storage facilities,  fertilizers and  were equipped with the farming techniques.                  

The overall result of the the post monitoring distribution survey indicates that the project improved of the food security of the target community, showing the following results:

       1) 94% respondents were satisfied the distributed farming tools, input and the farming techniques training provided by HAMDI Organization and production level of their farm as they received more than expected;

       2) 94% of the training was relevant and added value to their farming knowledge like; distance between planting, farming methodology, harvesting and fertilizer usage methods.

       3) The yield received was satisfactory: planting of 16 kg of maize produced 400kg of maize; 4kg of beans produced 200kg of beans and 4kg of cowpea produced 150kg;

       4) 94% of the respondents confirmed that the farming input distributed improved their food security and it enabled to get beyond their consumption cereals;

       5) The PDM results indicated that 92% of the respondents increased their income and able to save income from their production.

Partners: Danish Refugee Council, local administrations of Bananey village and Cadayley village

Budget: USD 50,000.00. Targeting 100 households through aforementioned agriculture support costs only $500 per farming household as every family allocated a one hectare through traditional farmland of rain-fed.

Contact information:
Somalia
Hamdi Organization for Relief and Development
Contact person: Zaima Abdullahi
General Director
Phone: +252 615 372 878
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 09:25

Knowledge Network/Technology Transfer: Morocco

Geographic focus: Nouakchott and other regional directorates (eg: Nouadibu City).

Thematic areas: Non-revenue water and water quality management: financial and commercial aspects, organizational aspects and capacity development.

Countries that have benefited:  Mauritania, Guinea (Conakry), Burkina Faso, Cameroon

Steps/stages in practical application of the mechanism: - 2007: execution of partnership agreement between ONEE (National Office for Electricity and Potable Water) - SNDE (National Water Society of Mauritania).

     - January, 2008: implementation of a mixed task team (ONEE-SNDE) to prepare project platforms.

     - 24 March 2008: organization of a Round Table in Rabat resulting in the formalized u00abDeclaration of Principleu00bb signed by the CEO`s of drinking water and sanitations companies: Eau de Paris, Vivaqua, SWDE, ONEA, SIAAP, SNDE and the ONEE.

     - September 2008: Recruitment of the expert international year (Mr Dalloua ex CEO) of the SONEDE Tunisia) for the piloting and the realization of the study of diagnosis and the elaboration of a multiannual action plan.

     - January, 2009: Delivery of the draft of the first phase of the diagnosis report for SNDE.

     - Appointment of the new CEO of the SNDE in June 2009 - after a long period of political instability that rocked the country and stalled work.

     - Execution of a renewed cooperation agreement (ONEE-SNDE) to mark the confirmation of both parties to strengthen their partnership and to pursue the Project, with the support of the GWOPA (UNHABITAT).

     - June 2010: The SNDE, with the support of ONEE, made a commitment to organize a meeting in Nouakchott to present the results of the study diagnosis and to present the multiannual action plan of strengthening and reinforcing their organization to the members of the Network and to the other financial backers and international cooperation agencies.

Results to Date:

      a) Diagnostic report of principal activities of SNDE.

      b) Organization of the Round Table, 24 March 2008 in Rabat.

      c) Declaration of Principles which marks the launching of this process of partnership and capacity building of SNDE.

      d) Elaboration of the Terms of Reference for the realization of the Global diagnosis of SNDE.

      e) Setting of a multiannual and multidisciplinary Action Plan.

      f) Implementation of the capacity building programme (4 to 5 years) - incl. expertise and training.

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 600,000

Total Budget (USD): 13M

Focal Point and Contact:
BENSAID, Samir, General Director
International Institute for Water and Sanitation - IEA
National Office for Electricity and Potable Water Station de Traitement
Avenue Mohamed Belhassan El Ouazzani
10220 Rabat, Morocco
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 09:15

The Project started in January 2010 with an objective to implement an urgent set of adaptation - focused measures that would minimize and reverse the food insecurity of small scale farmers and pastoralists thereby reducing the vulnerability of the rural communities induced by climate change. 

The Project is focused on:

      1) Resilience of food production systems in the face of climate change; 

      2) Institutional and individual capacities to implement climate risk management in the agricultural sector; 

      3) Strengthened and better understanding of lessons learned and emerging best practices captured and up scaled at the national level.

By 2014 the Project has promulgated and introduced modern and new technologies with the identified and tested packages of water harvesting techniques, drought resistant varieties, innovative irrigation methods, community based natural resource management and introduction of more suitable crops, alternative energy sources, animal production activities with emphasis on improved varieties of goats and supplementary feeds.

In-situ water harvesting techniques implemented in two states of Sudan have increased productivity of crops by 50% to 160%. 

In North Kordofan, three wells were dug, supplied with pumps using solar energy and are used for producing crops and vegetables and for providing irrigation of the tree shelterbelts. 

In the state of Gedarif, different water harvesting techniques were used in a total area of 650 hectares (Ha). 55 farmers benefitted from these techniques and in addition they received 208 sacks of early maturing sorghum variety. 

In South Darfur, water harvesting interventions were implemented in six sites with a total area of 636 feddans (267 ha); 270 farmers benefited from the earth embankments (terraces) constructed for harvesting rain water. Early maturing varieties of Sorghum and Millet were distributed to the farmers. There was a marked increase in the productivity of the soils that benefitted from the terraces. About 1000 tree seedlings were produced and planted by the farmers as live fences. 

In River Nile state, solar energy is used to pump water to irrigate two shelterbelts using drip irrigation. Replacement of diesel pumps used to irrigate crops by solar driven pumps is in process. 

Butane gas cylinders and stoves were distributed in the four states on a revolving fund basis.

The project has directly helped over 20,000 people in diverse socio-economic and ecological conditions to adapt to climate change, increasing resilience to climate variability and overcoming poverty. 

Owing to community participation approach through the Village Development Committees and involvement of all stakeholders in state technical committees that included researchers, academicians, agriculture and natural resources practitioners and community representatives the trust of a large number of beneficiaries, increasing their understanding of climate change, and changing their attitudes to natural resource management practices has been achieved.

Partners: Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), UNDP Sudan, Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources (Sudan)

Contact details:
P.O. Box 10488, Khartoum
Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Sudan
NAPA Implementation Project
Dr. Mutasim B. Nimir, Project Manager
Telephone: +249-183784279
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One of UNIDO`s key activities is to build trade capacity by strengthening capacities in quality, standardization and conformity assessment, both at institutional and enterprise level, in order to foster the ability of developing countries to enter global food value chains. ETRACE helps Egyptian farmers, food producers and packers along the food value chain to meet European/International food quality, safety and traceability standards, ensuring that products are safe and do not encounter barriers to trade. To this day, ETRACE has provided support to 90/200 packing houses in the country and their suppliers (which account for approximately 85% of all exports) & assisted governmental institutions and service providers.

The comparative advantage of the solution:

 a. success factors and innovative elements:

      - Integrated concept covering all value chain members

      - blend of technical and financial assistance

 b. main partners:

      - Ministry of Trade and Industry and Ministry of Agriculture

      - Export Councils and Chamber of Food Industries

      - Private Sector Impact: Overcome possible barriers to trade, thus ensuring the continuity of Egyptian exports of food products (fresh produce) and minimizing risks for businesses

      - Technical capacity at operators level developed;

      - operators are willing to invest in the future in traceability systems and expand existing ones

      - Governmental bodies such as General Organization of Export and Import Control take over responsibilities for traceability implementation at the national level 

Lessons Learned:

Enabling Government commitment and awareness raising among key stakeholders. Integrated concept covering technical as well as financial assistance in addition to inclusion of all members of the value chain & implementation through full time national staff customizing international best practices to local context

Potential mistakes to be avoided:

      - to implement such a solution in isolation from national counterparts and key stakeholder organization

      - have a rigid technical and financial assistance scheme (customization should be also done based on the size and situation of each category of beneficiaries)

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 800000

Total Budget (USD): 3000000

Focal Point & Contact: 
Alaa Fahmy
Cairo Regional Office, UNIDO
2 Latin America Street, Garden City, Cairo
+201000397575
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