Thursday, 25 June 2015 00:18

The initiative promotes young women and female graduates` employment through the Saving and Credit mechanism introduced by the Union of Cooperative Associations for saving and Credit "UCASC" in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. 

The saving and credit mechanism assists poor households in improving their living standards and income through access, management and control over the financial recourses by providing a facility for depositing savings, and an easy channel for startup income generating project, and building capacity of cooperative leaders and members.

The establishment and running of saving and credit cooperatives are based on the following principles:

  • Decision making mechanism is fully controlled and implemented by its members;
  • Sustainability of Business Processes: Key indicators for a successful turnaround from an organization dependent on external and donor funds to an independent cooperative organization. The system should be adequately capitalized to ensure a strong position in the market and among competitors;
  • Service Quality: One of the recognized principles of the SCA is the high quality of its service;
  • Balance between Business & Rural Development Mandate;
  • Co-operative Principles: Cooperatives operations are transparent, equitable and independent of any undue outside interference;
  • Transparency and good governance built the trust of the members in the Cooperative, and their believes in the initiative.

The initiative has achieved the followings:

  • High outreach: the Union is represented in 12 cooperative associations throughout the West Bank and Gaza, representing 210 locations and villages and including 7,328 individual members, with a total (savings and shares) balance amount of $3,535,167.
  • Sustainable source of income: The activity of cooperatives generates a cumulative number of 11,216 loans were disbursed through the years with a combined value of 25,732,362 USD, for the benefit of 5,997 Palestinian women as of 31/10/2013; 1319 educational loans for the benefit of the cooperative member or her offspring and 3918 loans for the startup phase of an income generating project.
  • Employment opportunities: for low-income women and female graduates have been increased:
  • 37 women have gained experience in accounting, banking or finances at the union or cooperatives, out of which 7 were hired after finishing their training period by the same cooperative they worked in and the rest found job opportunities outside the cooperative;
  • 95% of the members achieved a private possession for the first, providing 4,239 job vacancies for women through owning income generating projects.
  • 547 rural women qualified with financial skills to be a treasurer of village group taking all the financial responsibilities of her group and as loan officer.

The success of the Savings and Credit Cooperative initiative in Palestine, encouraged IFAD to transfer the experience to other countries, namely Yemen through consulting missions, project evaluation, setting up an Operational Plan, work methodologies and guides that would assist building the capacities of women involved in the project, expand services and enhance its outreach.

Partners: Union of Cooperative Associations for Saving and Credit "UCASC", ILO, IFAD

Contact details: 
Union of Cooperative Associations for Saving and Credit "UCASC"
Palestine, Ramallah / Al Bireh
Al Ersal Street , Beside Al Jamil Center, Ashtar Building, 5th floor 
Randa AbedRabbo/zein - General Director
Tel: +972 2 2413993, Mobile: + 972 98921767
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Thursday, 28 May 2015 00:07

Development challenge and key achievements:

The project aims to support education, health and agricultural sectors with alternative solutions of using renewable energy (PV modules) through:

  1. Provision of alternative energy during power cutting in Gaza strip.
  2. Reduction of CO2 and fuel consumption during operation of generator(s) in case of cutting power situation.
  3. Raising the standard of living of people in green environment without pollution
  4. Decrease the load on the national electricity grid.

The proposed programme will be divided into three packages as follows:

  1. Construction of solar cells for four schools.
  2. Construction of solar cells for one submersible pump.
  3. Construction of solar cells for two healthcare clinics.

Project outputs: 

  • PV solar cells will be utilized in public sectors to reduce the electricity consumption, save energy and cost as well as maintain a green environment in four schools, two maternal clinics and a water well.
  • The concept of renewable energy is mainstreamed in three main infrastructure sub-sectors, where, on average, more than 50% of the energy consumption is saved for each intervention.

The comparative advantage of the solution:

  1. Addressing the huge deficit in power supply to the premises and the high cost of providing power through the use of fossil fuel with the accompanying death accidents due to the misuse of the small generators.
  2. Clean effect and noise free of using the PV cells for providing power for clinics and schools
  3. Lowering the electricity bill more than 50%.

UNDP partners in this project are the Ministries of Education and Higher Education, Health, Palestinian Water Authority, the “Down Syndrome Children Society”, and sector regulator “Palestinian Energy and Natural Resources Authority” as the first partner. These partners were committed to maintain and safeguard the solar cells; the concept of using solar cells and the green energy was mainstreamed and the schoolchildren became familiar with such concepts and use.

Lessons Learned:

Emphasis should be exerted on the learning and know-how of this new technology The use of renewable energy should be a part of the general strategy for the region in which it is being implemented and through market survey, the places where the PV cells to be used in respect to potential buildings that might shade the cells in the future (accurate planning).

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 1,000.000

Focal Point and Contact:
Majed Ghannam
Infrastructure, UNDP/PAPP
Omar Bin Abdel Aziz Street,
Al Remal, Gaza,
Tel: +972595606346
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Geographic Focus: All Arab countries

Thematic focus areas supported by the mechanism: HIV/AIDS - HIV Mainstreaming, Gender and MDGs

Steps/stages in practical application of the mechanism:

The MENA region is witnessing a growing response in the form of regional networks.

The Regional/Arab Network against AIDS (RANAA) is a unique regional network of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) working on HIV/AIDS in the region. Launched in 2002 in Tunis, the mission and key objectives for RANAA have been expanding to become more of a regional support facility, for CSOs especially, on capacity building, networking, representation and bridging while ensuring strategic planning, as well as monitoring and evaluation are in place. During recent years, through the technical and financial support of UNAIDS, AIDS Alliance, USAID and others, RANAA was able to give a stronger voice to civil society and scale-up its presence and response to a large extent. The RANAA membership is open to all the National Networks or civil society organizations working in the field of HIV/AIDS in the MENA region, including those working for the Most at Risk Populations (MARPs) and the People Living with HIV (PLHIV).


Results to Date:

RANAA concentrates the commitment of more than 50 Arab civil society organizations` representatives

coming from all Arab countries in addition to Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan and 5 regional or international organizations, in unifying and coordinating their action against the spread of HIV-AIDS pandemic within the  region. RANAA has a substantial impact on the work of civil society especially in technical support, networking,, information sharing and capacity and partnership development. It has provided an innovative solution for knowledge management and capacity development for CSOs in the region. It has also developed strong partnerships to mobilize resources for its activities and has recently developed plans on fundraising and communication to assist in the implementation of its new 5 years strategy.

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 400,000

Total Budget (USD):1,500,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Eltayeb Elamin
UNAIDS, Regional Support Team-MENA
Regional Support Team for the Middle East and North Africa (RST-MENA)
Abdul Razzak Al-Sanhouri St. Nasr City Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +201068823458
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Geographic focus: All Arab region in Africa and Asia, (Sudan has more attention since it is in the Nile Basin region)

Thematic focus areas supported by the mechanism:

Capacity building in Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM)/specific attention to Hydraulic Engineering and Environmental Hydrology.

Countries that have benefited:

Arab Region: Sudan, Syria, Iraq, Libya, Jordan, Yemen, Palestine, Somalia, Oman, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Tunisia, UAE. All Nile Basin: Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, S. Sudan, D.R.C,  Burundi, Rwanda, Eritrea 

Steps/stages in the practical application of the mechanism:

Various regular and short tailored courses in Water Resources for participants from the Nile Basin and the Arab States were organized. Regular courses, e.g. Hydraulic Engineering in River Basin, Environmental Hydrology for Arid and Semi-Arid Regions, short courses include water harvesting, EIA, groundwater exploration and modelling, IWRM, Integrated River Basin Management, etc.; participants should have a minimum of two years` experience working in government, Universities, institutions, private sectors, CSO etc.:- Supported partially by International agencies, e.g. UNESCOIHE, JICA, ISESCO, and locally by Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation and Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa.

Results to Date:

Cooperation with some international funding agencies (UNESCO-IHE, JICA, ISESCO), regional (UNESCO Cairo office, Nile Basin Initiative) and local (Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa-MFA) have yielded successful conferences and results, including but not limited to the following: 

  1. Regular courses: Annual Hydraulic Engineering in River Basin, three months (1996~2012), 311 participants
  2. Annual Environmental Hydrology for Arid and Semi-Arid Regions, 6 weeks(1999~2012), 260 participants
  3. Short Tailored Courses: Hydraulic Engineering for Water Harvesting in Arid and Semi-Arid Environment, 2 weeks, (1997, 1999, 2001,2003), 95 participants
  4. International River Interface Cooperation (IRIC)- River flow and Sediment Modelling, one week (2011), 35 participants
  5. Hydrological River Basin Environmental Assessment Model, one week (2012), 24 participants

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 150,000

Total Budget (USD): 2,000,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Professor Mohamed Soliman
Regional Training Centre of Hydraulics Research Institute
National Water Research Centre of Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation
Delta Barrages P.O.Code 13621 Qalyoubiyah
Tel: +20-100-5628084
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Geographic focus: Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Thematic focus areas supported by the solution: Humanitarian partnerships with a focus on emergency preparedness, accountability to affected populations and humanitarian access.

Development challenge and key achievements:

A regional policy workshop was organized on 5 - 6 December 2012 that brought together humanitarian actors in the MENA region, with a focus on national NGOs. Organizations from over 12 countries participated with aim of sharing information, ideas and lessons learned on specific policy themes (preparedness, accountability and access). The workshop also sought to facilitate greater partnerships among regional actors in their responses to various humanitarian crises. The workshop is part of a wider process led by OCHA MENA Regional Office and The Humanitarian Forum to build understanding and support greater collaboration between humanitarian actors in the region.

The comparative advantage of the solution:

Participating organizations came from Libya, Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

The workshop was successful in that it helped foster trust among organizations through dialogue and efforts to establish operational partnerships. Key actions points were developed to foster collaboration in the three main thematic areas and another workshop will be organized in 2013 to monitor progress and further facilitate regional collaboration.

Focal Point and Contact:
Samir Elhawary
Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa
2 El Hegaz Street Roxy, Heliopolis
Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +201066650625
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 23:36

Development challenge and key achievements:

The Prosol Tunisia financing facility is an example of how international and local public support addressed critical demand-side barriers that were preventing the widespread deployment of commercially viable renewable energy technology in a developing country.

By focusing on public resources to directly support renewable energy investments, we can effectively shift demand away from fossil fuels, even if the latter are subsidised. The programme promoted the installation of more than 119,000 solar water heaters (SWH), totalling around 355,350 m2 of collector area over the timeframe analysed (2005 - 2010). With a fivefold increase in annual deployment, the combination of measures introduced with the Programme has been demonstrated to be effective in addressing the critical demand-side barriers that were preventing the deployment of a commercially viable renewable energy technology. The added SWH installations translate into 251 ktoe (kilotonne of Oil Equivalent) of energy saved and 715 ktCO2 (kilotonne of Carbon dioxide) avoided, as a result LPG subsidy savings of up to USD 101 million over the systems` lifetime. Public spurred USD 110.2 million in private investments, allowing households to save between USD 605 and 1,325 per SWH in energy bills. The domestic solar thermal industrial cluster grew significantly; and it is also estimated that about 3,000 jobs were created.

The programme helped make solar water heaters more affordable by reducing up-front investment requirements and prompting banks to offer concessional financing.

Solution Details: The comparative advantage of the solution:

  1. Innovative mix of capital cost and soft loans financial mechanism to overcome costs barriers, direct involvement of private financial sector, simplified procedures for final users, standardized procedures for eligibility of providers, installers and equipment as a quality guarantee and intense capacity building at all levels.
  2. TUNISIAN GOVERNMENT: Ministry for Industry and Energy and Small and Medium- Sized Enterprises, National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME), United Nations Environment Programme Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP-DTIE), Italian- led Mediterranean Renewable Energy Programme (MEDREP), Mediterranean Renewable Energy Centre (MEDREC), STEG: State-owned utility with a monopolistic position in the local power market
  3. Prosol Residential has stimulated the development of the domestic solar thermal industrial cluster, with local actors playing a primary role. Leading with local manufacturing capacities are being developed and expanded, building potential export opportunities as well as market competition and diversification.

Lessons Learned:

Issues of awareness, technology, and credit risk mitigation, as well as competitiveness in the face of fossil-fuel subsidization.

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 3,000,000

Total Budget (USD): 3,000,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Johny Theodory
Infrastructure Unit, UNDP/PAPP
Jerusalem- OPT, 4A Yakubi St., Jerusalem, 91191, P.O. Box: 51359
Tel: +972548174148
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 23:30

The solution was initiated by the KSPSI Pasar Minggu, the KSPSI Kalibata, the KSPI and the KSBSI from the National Confederation of Trade Unions in Indonesia to enhance understanding of young people of their rights in the workplace and how to defend them through collective bargaining and protection of trade unions.

At the social level, the solution contributes to the work quality of young people by empowering them to defend their rights through developing a manual on youth rights at work and training/raising awareness of young people on their rights, entitlements, and responsibilities at work, and training of trainers on youth rights at work to serve as the core for establishing a national pool of trainers on youth rights at work.

At the institutional level, the solution promotes reviving the culture of youth rights at work, building capacities of trade unions and other parties, raising awareness of youth on labour rights and linking them to the decent work dimension in informal apprenticeship programs. 

To increase awareness of young people on rights as well as improve outreach of trade unions to the informal economy the solution provides the following user friendly tools:

  • Participatory approach in initiating and implementing the solution among trade unions and civil society organizations (CSOs).
  • The methodology and structure of the manual on youth rights based on learning outcomes and sub-outcomes
  • Training of trainers methodology to ensure sustainability of the solution in the future
  • Manuals for Indonesia developed by the trade unions and for the trade unions (see
  • A global manual with interactive exercises, to be adapted to each country, in order to integrate their national legal frameworks and existing collective agreements. 

The solution contributes to the Jordan`s National Agenda 2006-2015 under the theme u201cEmployment support and vocational trainingu201d with an aim to increase workforce employability, improve labour market productivity, and increase workforce size through effective job placement. It also contributes to the National Employment Strategy (NES), which was formally endorsed in May 2011. The Strategy seeks to address structural employment, calling for policies and programmes to amplify job creation with a greater focus on youth employment. The Strategy also emphasizes the need to upgrade the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system.

Partners: ILO, General Federation for Jordanian Trade Unions; Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions; youth non-profit organizations; Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Jordan; all four trade union confederations in Indonesia. 

Contact details: 
ILO project office
Tayseer Na`na`ah Street- South Abdoun
P.O Box: 831201
Amman 11183 Jordan
Tel: +962 6 565 3991
Fax: +962 6 565 3807
Yasser Ali, National Project Coordinator / ILO
Tel: +962 797348283
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 23:01

Development challenge and key achievements:

UNDP-Jordan started a comprehensive project u201cEnhancing Institutional Capacities to Reduce Disaster Risk and to Integrate Climate Change in Jordanu201d focusing on two local authorities; Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA) and Petra Development Tourism Region Authority (PDTRA). Among the activities of this project is to establish a Neighbourhoods Disaster Volunteers (NVD) in the two areas. The mission of the study tour in Istanbul is to observe the NDV implementation in Istanbul and Bursa by learning and exchanging experiences with each other, aiming to have an Action Plan for both authorities.

The comparative advantage of the solution:

Aqaba and Petra have both suffered from disaster risks such as floods; earthquakes, and climate change. Their citizens have lost properties, lives and infrastructure that consumed most of the municipal budgets, and these losses occur because of a lack of experience, absence of institutional coordination in this aspect and lack of disaster risk management. This project aims to help build a framework to reduce disasters risks with UNDP, so the need to work with stakeholders who affect positively or negatively this project is imperative. One of the key stakeholders is the local community, which requires training, raising awareness, and involvement in the mission, e.g. a move to promote disaster volunteers in the neighbourhood has to be worked in both approaches: institutionally and locally.

Turkey, which is mostly vulnerable to disasters such as earthquakes, started a Neighbourhood Disaster Volunteers project; they mobilized many volunteers by training and equipping them as necessary. Therefore, a trip to Turkey provided a good opportunity for the 4 DRR staff from Petra and Aqaba to study the Turkish experience on-site, meet volunteers, and establish a solid base for a long-term partnership with the solution provider MAG foundation.

Lessons Learned:

The lessons were converted into an Action Plan for establishing Neighbourhood Disaster Volunteers in both Aqaba and Petra. The Action Plans are currently being implemented by the local governments, and UNDP Jordan has continued to support with both training and equipment. Another lesson was that it is necessary to learn from similar experiences in different locations; another community-based DRR project has been identified in Morocco, which resembles more the local environment in the Petra region. Due to the local context it is important to compare with various successful experiments and work on implementing the most relevant.

Recent Annual Budget (USD): 15,000

Total Budget (USD): 23,000

Focal Point and Contact:
Pelle Lutken
DRR Programme Analyst UNDP
Queen Rania Street, Amman Jordan
Tel: +962 79 7656654
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 22:57

Expert Exchange Mechanism/ Knowledge

Geographic focus: Iraq, Tunisia, India, South Africa, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Turkey, Palestine and Jordan

Thematic focus areas supported by the mechanism: Promoting knowledge and capacity of the Independent High Elections Commission (IHEC); Governance Steps/stages in practical application of the mechanism:

A study visit was conducted to the South African Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) in Pretoria to consider an established public outreach department in another independent Electoral Management Body (EMB). The study visit provided IHEC with a timely opportunity to examine best practices and relevant examples of voter education campaigns and materials in preparation for future electoral events. Responding to the development of Iraq National E-Governance Strategic Plan, UNDP-Iraq with ESCWA organized a study tour to India for senior level government officials/stakeholders from the Public Sector to share India`s experience in: harnessing ICT technologies in service of  community development, inclusiveness and empowerment, particularly at the local level; highlighting e-governance practices in connecting citizens to the State - at both the federal and local levels - and enhancing services. In April the study tour set out to the southern Indian province of Karnataka/ Bangalore and then to New Delhi. UNDP is also supporting study tours with Egypt National Reference Laboratory, which is also providing on-going technical support to the national reference laboratory for Iraq for TB under the GFATM programme.

Results to Date:

October 2011: a senior IHEC delegation including seven IHEC Commissioners and Director Generals travelled to Tunisia to provided support to the Tunisian Independent Election Commission as agreed with, and supported by, the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This followed the announcement by the Prime Minister that it would provide financial and technical assistance to the Tunisian Election Commission for the Constituent Assembly Elections and pledged support to the Tunisian people in their first democratic elections through the provision of (1M USD) and technical support by the IHEC throughout polling, counting and tabulation of election results. UNDP also established and strengthened relationships between the Judiciaries of Iraq and Dubai. A selection of representatives of the Iraqi Judiciary travelled to observe the operations of the Dubai Judiciary and to plan for the development of the Iraqi Judiciary. Further, a study tour to Singapore has also had a specific focus on Information Technology, organizational management and human resources capacity development. UNDP supported the Committee of Experts of the Iraqi Parliament and the Secretariat in comparative knowledge and best practices modules on HRCs` internationally; solicited the expertise of the Palestine and Turkey HCHR and availed those resources to the Iraqi`s. UNDP facilitated a cooperation initiative between the Iraq and Jordan Family Protection Units, Jordan FPU is perceived as a pioneer in the region in this arena and has availed its technical resources to further enhance and build the capacity of the Iraqi units. Under the law enforcement capacity building a core group of decision makers and technical staff were selected by the IPS senior management to attend a study tour to benchmark countries. A delegation from the MOI in Baghdad and IPS in Al Basrah visited Jordan and Abu Dhabi. A 5-week training in the Royal Police Academy of Jordan aimed at strengthening the capacity in strategic planning of the IPS in Al Basrah.

Focal Point and Contact:
Peter Bachelor
Country Director, UNDP Iraq
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Thursday, 25 June 2015 22:50

The programme was launched to promote poverty reduction in the occupied Palestinian territories through access to promotional social safety net activities package and financial services.

The programme has developed a model for poverty eradication to support the ongoing national cash assistance program and offer an exit strategy from chronic cash programs and the targeting strategy that includes:

  • poverty scoring and livelihoods assessment;
  • the Islamic micro-finance revolving fund, the business development serves model supporting finance;
  • the cooperation/referral model with social service providers at local levels. 

Due to access to a package of financial and non-financial services that address the needs of poor families 13,500 Palestinian families have enabled to escape from poverty by establishing micro and small individual and joint enterprises and becoming entrepreneurs. These families are no longer dependent on aid and are themselves employers and contributors to national production. 

The programme has transformed lives of poor families from recipients of aid to producers and service providers in a sustainable manner using innovative business development and partnership solutions including solidarity and risk-sharing financing and investment products. 

The model can be scaled up and replicated in the countries of the regions that face similar challenges as low economic development, unemployment and poverty. Currently the program is being exported to Libya and Tunisia under the leadership of the Islamic Development Bank and with technical support from UNDP. 

Partners: The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), the United Nations Development Progam (UNDP), The Palestinian Government represented by the ministries of Social Affairs, Planning, and Labor, and Palestinian civil society organizations. 

Contact details: 
Nasser Al-Faqih - Poverty Reduction Team Leader - UNDP/PAPP
Tel: +970 599 11 88 13, +972548174162
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Tuesday, 28 June 2016 22:44

The rural community of Birin, in the district of Hebron, Palestine located in a highly unstructured region due to the Israeli occupation, has large areas for agriculture and livestock (main occupation of the 80% of the local Bedouin population). On the other hand, their water resources are significant in an area where water is a scarce and much disputed resource. Birin has a large underused source of natural water and rainwater cisterns. The use of outdated farming techniques, the lack of water and lack of electrical systems for using advanced farming techniques limits the amount and quality of the products obtained. Moreover, the lack of basic services such as electricity supply and education, causes abandonment of land and displacement of population to the cities.

In order to improve the agriculture and livestock systems in the Bedouin community of Birin and, consequently, the quality of life of the inhabitants, in 2015 Trama Tecno Ambiental (TTA), an international consulting and engineering firm, with financial support of the Spanish Cooperation Agency and co-funding from the partners involved, introduced solar electrification and pumping to the area with agricultural improvements, dairy and wool production resources with the addition of new electrical inputs in the production process, or electric weaving machines as a basis for income generation for women.

3 micro grids with solar generation (MSG) provided electricity to cover the electricity needs of production, domestic power demand, the UNRWA school that also served as a local clinic, and the illumination of the streets of Birin. Thus, improving the quality of life and safety of the population and promoting improvement in the environment.

With a mixture of clustered and scattered buildings in the village, the solution is based on a combination of a solar PV micro-grids and individual PV micro power plants under the same operation scheme. The microgrids are composed of the PV generator (without diesel generator backup), which supplies an alternating current coupled with micro power plant with a battery storage and a battery inverter. The energy supply depends on the resource availability, the solution’s capacity and on the technical conditions of the area, thus ensuring that the limited solar resource is shared without conflicts.

The energy management in place is done using the TTA’s award winning Electricity Dispensers meter (Winner of the Off-Grid Experts Awards 2015), with a project-tailored tariff system to ensure a rational electricity supply and that equipment operates within safe technical thresholds. The tariff concept is the Energy Daily Allowance (TTA’s patented EDA tariff) meant to keep the electricity consumption within a certain range to strengthen the control and avoid overconsumption. The flat rate tariffs, fixed for consumption level (between 825 Wh/day and 1650 Wh/day for households) are pre-contracted and decided with community.

Owing to the solution implemented 36 families benefited from electrification of households and the whole community benefited from electrification of community buildings: the school and the center for community productive activities. To reach all dwellers a combination of technical solutions was implemented through a solar micro grid to supply the 26 interconnected families and communal services, plus 10 individual installations for the houses located further from the nucleus. All users remain under the same operation scheme, which eases the operation and maintenance of the system and is not exclusive to the village nucleus.

Partners: the Spanish Cooperation Agency, SEBA (non-profit organization, Spain), ERC (Energy Research Centre of the An-Najah University, Palestine) and UAWC (Union of Agricultural Work Committees, Palestine)

Budget: 100, 000 Euro 

Contact information:
Palestine, Hebron
Contact person: Maria Anzizu –TTA 
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Tuesday, 27 October 2015 22:31

Success of the Tunisian experience in terms of population, family planning and reproduction health is the output of a remarkably synchronized correlation between various political, legislative and socio-cultural factors: promulgation of the Personal Status Code in 1956, educational reform providing for free and equal access to education for boys and girls, granting women the juridical and social identity breaking with the single procreation and maternity role assigned to them that far ... etc. 

The South-South cooperation in terms of population and development has become since ICPD in 1994 and the 2000 Millennium Summit an essential strategic choice for countries of the South with experiences to share and for other countries willing to take profit of them in order to promote partnerships and improve socio-sanitary development programs. The creation of an inter-governmental organization to boost partnerships in the fields of population and development, the South-South Initiative largely contributed to institutionalizing cooperation between countries of the South and raised the interest of Northern countries and donor agencies to invest 

Tunisia, which was appointed in 1994 by UNFPA as a Center for Excellence in terms of population for Africa and the Arab World launched through ONFP several pilot initiatives to promote reproduction healthcare and family planning programs in neighboring countries. 

One of the most and unique example of the triangular cooperation project between Tunisia, France and Niger carried out in the sanitary district of Kollo near Niamey, reflects the success of this trilogy: transfer of the Tunisian experience, adaptation of a mobile strategy to the local context of Niger and the French technical and financial support. Making use of ONFP`s technical skills and expertise, this process was carefully duplicated by the World Bank in Chad, by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation in Mauritania and in Mali, by UNFPA in Djibouti as well as in several other Francophone African countries. 

Though it brings practical and rapid solutions to emerging questions related to health in general and reproductive healthcare in particular, Tunisia through its ONFP experts supported the governmental institution under the authority of the Nigerien Ministry of Public Health responsible for the Reproductive health -RH programme. To improve the RH/FP effectiveness, the Nigerien government entered into a South-South and triangular cooperation agreement with Tunisia and the French government. 

This approach through technical support set up a new strategy and a new approach in service provision, IEC (Information-Education-Communication), and management of activities: 

  1. Strengthening services through upgrading of equipment and the competence of the personnel, support was also provided for itinerant consultations which included vaccinations and family planning.
  2. To bring the services closer to the populations, a network of four mobile teams was set up to cater for the areas beyond the l5 km radius.
  3. Personalized education was brought closer to the different targets
  4. Maintaining religious proximity to combat impediments of a religious nature. 

The project achieved the following: 

47.7 percent in prenatal consultations; 21 percent in contraception prevalence & 8.5 percent in postnatal consultations. 100 percent of the health workers were trained and equipped and 60 percent of the population retained a good knowledge of RH and FP. 

  1. Tunisia experienced conditions in the 1960-1970`s similar to those of present-day Niger, and had the same socio-demographic indicators.
  2. The application of lessons learnt from a similar experience in Tunisia led in turn to perfect complementarities between the services provided by Tunisia and the needs to be addressed in the Kollo district. By applying the tried-and-tested model of u2018mobile clinics`, designating technical experts coming from similar rural working conditions, involving the community from the early stage, and incorporating religious and cultural leaders fully into the program, the project made full use of its South-South comparative advantage.
  3. Another exemplary aspect of the project was the scaling up of the cooperation to other regions, and the adoption, by the country, of a population policy that was in line with the national plan for reproductive health.
  4. The personnel involved throughout the project were motivated, enthusiastic and u2018owned` the project and this contributed greatly to its success.
  5. The project also mobilized other sponsors; UNICEF in particular supported the project through male nurses to carry out vaccinations, extending an opportunity for increased national ownership. The experience of the Kollo project has already been replicated in Chad and Mauritania, which have initiated a mobile strategy programme for RH/FP service delivery, with financial support from the World Bank and the Spanish Cooperation Agency. In both cases, the technical assistance was provided by the Tunisian Board of Family Planning. 

Budget: The budget require for similar partnership is US$ 50,000 

Contact details: 
Tunisia Address: National Office for the Family and population/ Centre International de Formation et de Recherche 
Dr Rym Esseghairi 
Tel: + 216 71 701555 + 216 98 46215 
Fax: + 216 71 704 599