Fisheries and aquaculture play an important role in socio-economic terms and as a source of food. However, over the years there has not been any stable progress in increasing the production levels of fisheries. In 1988, fishery production reached 102 tonnes, but declined in the 1990s, and then slowly returned back to the same production level of 102 tonnes in 2004. It was not until the last two years that the annual fisheries catch reached 110 tonnes. Annual per capita consumption followed the same trend (from 13.5 kg in 1988 it fell to 8.5 in 1990, rising again in recent years to 9.5 kg) with a very skewed regional breakdown, due to the fact that annual per capita consumption in the interior regions is below 1.5 kg.
A way to combat this challenge is to consider marine aquaculture spatial planning, which consists of the identification of suitable areas (onshore, offshore and inshore) to exercise activity in marine aquaculture. The aquaculture activity encompasses shellfish farming, seaweed farming, and fish farming. It is implemented through the setting up of aquaculture development spatial plans that identify, in addition to favorable areas, potential species and their appropriate farming/culture techniques.
The methodology adopted for the realization of the aquaculture plans was initiated in 2013 as part of the first plan carried out at the level of the bay of Dakhla until Cintra Bay (Region of Dakhla-Oued Eddahab). This methodology has its particularity in applying a progressive selection approach, which takes into account all the technical, environmental and administrative parameters, in identifying the most conducive areas to the exercise of sustainable aquaculture that respects the environment. This approach has also allowed the organization of the aquaculture sector at national level, through the provision of turn-key projects to potential investors as part of calls for expression of interest. Moroccan public institution in charge of the development of this sector relies both on a detailed diagnosis and an in-depth analysis of a set of administrative, legal, environmental, technical and socio-economic feasibility criteria, and on a participatory approach involving all the actors of the territory concerned by marine and coastal spatial planning.
In order to ensure the sustainability of aquaculture activity, several environmental integration instruments are taken into account, from the planning and selection sites phase to the operational phase. The study of the carrying capacity consists in the assessment of the capacity of the receiving environment to host aquaculture projects, it is illustrated by the physical, productive, ecological and social load capacity, and this ensures the sustainability of the activity and the receiving environment.
The overall environmental impact assessment for an aquaculture management plan is useful in that it allows the cumulative impacts generated by the multitude of projects located in a given area to be calculated and assessed and to present mitigation measures adapted accordingly, unlike isolated environmental impact studies, which are specific to each individual project and do not allow this exercise to take place. These tools are multi-form and apply at different levels such as : i) Study of carrying capacities during the site selection phase, ii) Realization of Environmental Impact studies focusing on negative significant impacts of aquaculture and also the positive impacts of this activity, which result in the proposal of effective mitigation and enhancement measures (iii) Environmental and Social Management Plans, necessary for environmental and social monitoring of aquaculture plans.
Aquaculture plans have assessed the real aquaculture potential of the national coastline, based on reliable data and knowledge of the marine environment, and that, after analyzing all forms of current and future activities, uses, and occupations. The participatory planning approach adopted by ANDA, involving all local, regional and central actors concerned by maritime and land coastal area, constitutes an anticipation of sectoral integration allowing the optimization and the harmonization of the use of coastal areas while enhancing the assets of the coastal ecosystem.
Owing to the new methodology applied the following outcomes were achieved:
This solution also provides potential investors with areas studied at all levels, exempting them from these expensive studies and also avoiding their anarchic installation and enabling the local populations at the selected sites to benefit from artisanal aquaculture projects planned within the framework of cooperatives, in order to improve the living conditions of these populations. It also a reason for the creation of wealth and provides direct and indirect jobs and regional socio-economic growth. It is also interesting to note that the protection of the marine environment is also among the important impact of the solution.
Overall, the aquaculture plans enabled the establishment of an exhaustive and a consolidated mapping database, which served as a tool for the location and the planning of the activity. They also assist in monitoring and providing investors with turnkey projects, as well as suitable areas to host productive and sustainable aquaculture activity. As a consequence, this mapping database on the environment allows investors to better plan and design their projects, which in turn will assist in increasing fishery production levels over the coming years.
Budget: $1,8 million
National Aquaculture Development Agency
+212 538 099 700
Based on the Brazilian policy and practice of implementing milk banks (BLH), initiated by the Ministry of Health and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) in the 1980s, a Global Network of Human Milk Banks (rBLH) is an initiative that aims to expand a communication of knowledge and technologies aimed at food and nutritional security of newborns and infants, having the right to health as a central value. (ABC), with no intention of transferring to the implementation of its own resources, for the implementation of its own resources. human milk banks (in particular, Angola, Cape Verde and Mozambique became part of the RBLH as of 2010). Once companies are successful, what is what is a horizontal work plan, which is a horizontal set.
(7,000 a day) died in 2016, (nearly 7 months a day) died in 2016, (nearly 7 months a day) died in 2016, which is 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, only ten Sub-Saharan African countries have partially achieved the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality by 2015.
With the mission of supporting or breastfeeding, and collecting, processing, evaluating, stocking and distributing human milk, BLHs can be created with simple and inexpensive technology, assembled in real resources, in relatively short time. In addition to its important contribution to increasing infant breastfeeding rates and neonatal health improvements, the HMB generates evidence to improve as public policies related to health. The Brazilian experience shows that HBs are an effective way to increase the survival of babies with problems (mainly premature babies) and to reduce neonatal mortality (as indicated by a rate drop of more than 70% between 1990 and 2012).
A South-South bank for the implementation of an HBL involves professional qualification, provision of specialized equipment and adequacy of physical facilities. The training of health and education and the management and information in BLH) and the accomplishment of internships (in the areas of Assistance to women in the process of breastfeeding, Communication, and information, among others). Together, an ABC and Fiocruz support technical and financial, which is an installation and qualification of milk banks in various parts of the world, through the sharing of experiences, knowledge and technologies and strengthening of local capacities, respecting the different socioeconomic and cultural contexts. This version has a long list of corrections, changes, and new developments that significantly improve functioning.
RBLH plays a central role in promoting the implementation of milk banks in the countries that are integrated by carrying out activities such as workshops and workshops and by encouraging the sharing of technical and scientific documents. Examples of such initiatives are a youtube channel with Educational VIDEOS, a distance learning platform and the Young Researchers Award involved in the rBLH.
The creation and / or strengthening of HMB in African countries is essential for the strengthening of their national health systems. The first African BLH unit was installed at the Agostinho Neto Hospital in Praia (Cape Verde) in 2011, involving a training of 96 technicians. In its first year of operation, a local team found a 50% reduction in newborn deaths; between 2011 and 2016 2,500 babies were breastfed and 17,499 women were breastfed. The project for a new Cape Verdean unit on the island of São Vicente is under discussion. The second unit of African BLH is in the phase of implantation, not Maputo Central Hospital (Mozambique), with the beginning of the activities scheduled for the first half of 2018. In turn, the first Angolan BLH to enter into operation at the Lucrécia Paim Maternity in Luanda. The other Lusophone African countries and Timor-Leste should also join the RBLH, as envisaged by the creation in October 2017 of the BLH Network of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).
Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and ministries of health of Brazil and the countries participating in RBLH
Fiocruz / Ministry of Health, through its units: the National Institute of Health of Women, Children and Adolescents Fernandes Figueira (IFF) and the Institute of Communication and Scientific and Technological Information in Health (ICICT)
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz / Ministry of Health)
João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida
Coordinator of the Global Network of Human Milk Banks (rBLH)
Implemented between 2008 and 2011 by the then Human Rights Secretariat (currently the Brazilian Ministry of Human Rights), the project "Support in the formulation and monitoring of the National Program for the Universalization of Birth Records in Guinea-Bissau" aimed at strengthening the Ministry of Justice for the elaboration and execution of a national policy of coping with civil birth registration.
Guinea Bissau is one of the least developed countries and has one of the world's highest infant mortality rates of five years (88 per 1,000). With a high growth rate (about 2.5%), Guinean population is predominantly young (42% of inhabitants are under 15). The majority of the population depends on subsistence farming to ensure their livelihood and lives in areas where schools, markets and health posts are not easily accessible. The road network is very limited and electricity, which exists only in the cities, is scarce.
Civil birth registration (RCN) is a right for all children and the first step towards access to other rights and public services, and for the full exercise of citizenship. The RCN allows the State to know how many are and where the individuals were born, favoring the development of public policies to serve citizens. The provision of legal identity for all (including birth registration) by 2030 is one of the internationally agreed specific goals associated with ODS 16. Despite the importance of the CRC, only 39% of children are registered in Guinea Bissau, according to with UNICEF. Underreporting is a challenge to the protection of Guinean children, and its main causes are the concentration of registration services, the low capillarity of the registries (registry offices), the difficulty of access to services and the collection of high fees for obtaining the RCN. Several attempts to remedy the problem in the country had been undertaken by the Government, through the Ministry of Justice, without however achieving results of impact.
In 2008, the Ministry of Justice of Guinea-Bissau requested the support of the then Secretariat of Human Rights (attached to the Presidency of the Republic of Brazil) to confront the civil sub-registration of birth in your country.
In Brazil, the strategy of eradicating civil under-registration at birth allowed the under-registration index to increase from 20.9% in 2002 to 6.6% in 2010. It was based on the National Mobilization for the RCN and the National Plan for the RCN, with actions involving states and municipalities. Launched in 2004, the National Plan for RCN is based on shared management and articulation between government spheres, the legislative and judicial branches, international organizations and NGOs, and is structured around the following axes:
Considering the similarities between the Brazilian and Guinean contexts, this South-South cooperation project sought to replicate the successful Brazilian experience, adapting it to the particularities of Guinea-Bissau. The strategies adopted included, among others, the expansion of the civil registry service network (with the expansion of conservatories and the structuring of itinerant services and maternity hospitals), as well as communication and training of mobilization agents. The activities and results of the project mainly included:
On the Brazilian side: Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and Ministry of Human Rights
On the Guinean side: Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Human Rights of Brazil
Ministry of Human Rights
Thiago de Almeida Garcia
Coordinator-General for the Promotion of Birth Registration, National Secretariat for Citizenship
This project sought to respond to the problem of the exclusion of the formal secondary education system in Cape Verde, which leaves many young people lacking in skills and competences, and hinders their capacity to integrate the labor market, placing them at the margins of society and fostering juvenile delinquency. Based on the experience of the Brazilian NGO AfroReggae in some of the most violent favelas in Rio de Janeiro and in other countries, the project has developed a series of initiatives aimed at investing in the potential of disadvantaged children in three pilot neighborhoods of Praia. education, culture and art to environments marked by urban violence.
The population of Cape Verde is mostly urban (urban centers concentrate 62% of the population) and young (with an average age of 26.2 years). About 192,000 children and adolescents between 0 and 17 years old (corresponding to almost 40% of the population) live in the archipelago. Although basic education is practically universal in Cape Verde, with the great majority of students enrolled in public schools, secondary education continues to be one of the challenges for education in the country. Despite the strong expansion of secondary education between 2001 and 2009, school drop-out rates remain very high, particularly for students over the age of 14 from disadvantaged social classes. The fact that the secondary study is not gratuitous and tends to be perceived by the families as an expense and not as an investment favors the exit of the adolescents from school before the end of the secondary level, some looking for work (although of precarious nature), others looking for easy money in less desirable activities. It is estimated that in every five 17-year-olds two are out of school.
The official unemployment rate in the country was 16.8% in 2012, being highest in the urban area (19.1%). With a rate of about 21%, young people aged 15-24 are the hardest hit by unemployment. This situation in which the urban and youth segments of the population are the most affected contributes to the perpetuation of the cycles of poverty, with a potentially significant impact on school drop-out, migration and street violence, one of the problems that have been growing strongly in the last years.
In addition to unemployment and low schooling levels of youth, several other factors have been advanced as possible causes of the emergence of street gangs and the increase in urban violence in Cape Verde, in particular: the growth of social inequality among the layers of society; the expansion of the supply of consumer products and the low purchasing power of the vast majority of young people; and the process of urbanization without planning, leading to the expansion of peripheral informal neighborhoods without adequate equipment in terms of basic services.
In the environment of the marginalized neighborhoods of Praia (a city that concentrates half the urban population of the country), there is a deficit in the articulation between civil society movements and public policies, dependence on financing, especially international, for the survival of the actions of development, embryonic network of cooperation among social movements, and lack of access to information on existing public policies directed to the low-income population, mainly related to youth and education. This limits the coordinated access of young people to social services, education (secondary - especially technical and vocational - and higher) and employment opportunities.
The project for the Promotion of Social Inclusion of Young People through Culture was implemented in the Cape Verdean capital between 2013 and 2015, with the general objective of combating school evasion and social precariousness, and promoting the social participation of young people. Funded in part by revenues collected through the "Football Match Against Poverty", organized in Brazil by UNDP in December 2012, the project aimed to provide young people who are victims or at risk of social exclusion with alternative, viable and beneficial life paths for the society, through the promotion of cultural and artistic manifestations, reconciliation with the school universe, approaching the labor market and the development of social skills.
Through the transfer, with appropriate adaptations, of the social technology of the NGO AfroReggae, agents from four local organizations were trained in three districts of Praia to work in mobilization networks aimed at: return of evaders to school education; the strengthening of cultural and educational policy; and the development of debates that contribute to improving the quality of life of disadvantaged young people and to positive changes in their lives.
The project promoted cultural and artistic workshops as strategies to combat violence and social mobilization in favor of inclusion, integrating and training 70 young local multipliers in cultural expressions (such as circus, music, percussion, theater and graphite) in order to continuity to the initiative after its formal implementation period and to extend it beyond the three pilot communities initially focused. Through research involving the application of UNDP's Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) methodology, the project also included the social monitoring of the families of at-risk youth, in order to direct them to existing public policies and improve their access to public services and basic rights.
The project was recognized as the fourth most innovative of 54 initiatives evaluated on the African continent within the framework of the "Innovation Knowledge Fair", organized by UNDP in December 2013.
UNDP, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
On the Brazilian side: AfroReggae
On the Cape Verde side: Ministry of Youth, Employment and Human Resources Development, and four local organizations: Association of Disabled Children (ACRIDES), Zé Moniz Association, Current Activists and Hope Foundation
Joint UNDP, UNFPA and UNICEF Office
Head of the Human Capital Development Unit
The bilateral cooperation project Escola de Todos aims to strengthen Cape Verde's education system in relation to inclusion, with the training of teachers for the care of students with disabilities and special educational needs (SEN), the development of support documents for the elaboration of a national policy of inclusive education and provision of specialized spaces for complementary educational activities with these children. Implemented by the Brazilian and Cape Verdean ministries of education in partnership with the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM, Brazil), the initiative seeks to offer children and young people with SEN with the same quality as the other students in the country.
UNESCO has promoted as an international goal the provision of access to quality education for all people, regardless of factors such as gender, ethnicity and disability. Although there is no precise data, UNESCO estimates that 5% of the world's children are disabled, with about 80% of them living in developing countries. At the same time, children with special educational needs (such as intellectual impairment, visual impairment or deafness) are less likely to complete basic education. This has negative individual and collective repercussions, in particular social exclusion and the feeding of a vicious circle around poverty. There is thus a need for inclusive education that promotes greater autonomy for children with disabilities, with their integration into traditional school systems. This orientation requires additional resources, both in terms of teachers with specialized training and access to adapted teaching materials.
Following the perspective advocated by UNESCO, Cape Verde has developed initiatives in the area of special inclusive education, including the drawing up of specific plans which include the training of teachers in SEN. According to the 2000 census, 3% of the population living in Cape Verde has some type of disability, and 2001 and 2002 surveys identified about 1,000 children with SEN enrolled in the country's schools (being visual impairment and deafness the most frequent cases ). However, the number of teachers and technicians trained to deal with this audience was therefore insufficient to meet demand.
In all, about 300 teachers from Cape Verde's primary and secondary schools have already been covered by the program, as well as 50 teachers trained in specialized educational services, 40 multiplier teachers in transcription and adaptation of Braille material, and 4 multiplier teachers in deafblindness and assistive technology.
The School of All project, in a similar format, was also developed in Angola between 2008 and 2015, with the support of the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
Supported by: Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC)
Agency of implementation:
On the Brazilian side: Ministry of Education and UFSM
On the Cape Verdean side: Ministry of Education, Directorate General for Basic and Secondary Education (DGEBS / ME)
Federal University of Santa Maria, Education Center (CE / UFSM)
Ana Cláudia Oliveira Pavão, Project Coordinating Teacher
Held between 2009 and 2014, this initiative was the first South-South cooperation project developed by Brazil, whose formulation and implementation was carried out by social movements, coordinated by a Brazilian NGO (IBASE). Involving peasant organizations in Brazil, Mozambique and South Africa linked to family agriculture, the project focused on the rescue of Creole seeds and technical strengthening on planting and harvesting of them, as a way of promoting, at the same time, income generation, community empowerment and the preservation of agrobiodiversity.
Challenge: Based on large corporations and intensive monocultures that use mechanization and the use of agrochemicals, commercial seeds and chemical fertilizers to increase productivity, the dominant model of agricultural development was propagated in the 20th century in order to solve the problem of hunger in the world. However, it has been found that this model has triggered significant socio-environmental imbalances (such as the impoverishment of small-scale agriculture, the gradual impoverishment of agrobiodiversity, soil depletion and increased vulnerability of production to atmospheric variations, pests and diseases) , which, on the contrary, focus on maintaining a vicious circle between poverty, hunger and environmental degradation. Thus, agribusiness has been questioned in terms of its capacity to generate development that is both inclusive and sustainable.
According to the FAO, family farming is the main form of food supply in the world, and is the basis of livelihood for the majority of the population of African countries (although in rural areas, the majority of the population poorer). Declaring 2014 as the "International Year of Family Farming", the UN aimed to increase the visibility of this production sector, which plays a key role in food security and sovereignty, as well as in the generation of employment and income, particularly in the countries less developed countries.
For example, in contrast to the homogenization and simplification of agricultural agribusiness procedures, family farming has been responsible for perpetuating the knowledge and practice traditionally developed over time for the selection and improvement of plants and seeds adapted to particular contexts . With energy needs and industrial inputs much lower than those of monocultures, the complex and diversified systems associated with family farming have persisted even in environments with hostile conditions (such as those subject to drought), thus contributing to the preservation of genetic heritage and cultural heritage. This is especially relevant considering that, as estimated by FAO, about 75% of agrobiodiversity disappeared in the last century.
In response to this situation, peasant movements and agroecology scientists have sought to promote the rescue of creole seeds - varieties specifically adapted to the place of cultivation - and the traditional community practices associated with them, in particular seed banks (to ensure their storage until the next planting) and the trade fairs. Thus, among the main challenges are the rehabilitation and dissemination of such practices by peasants.
Solution: Prepared with the participation of members of civil society and community leaders from the countries involved, the project of community banks of creole seeds for family agriculture aimed at the training of peasants in procedures of rescue, multiplication, storage and use of native seeds. From the transfer of social technologies and agroecology, the project also aimed at the establishment of community seed banks and the training of peasants in the processes of exchange and commercialization of these, thus contributing to the organizational and economic strengthening of family agriculture in Mozambique and South Africa.
The activities focused on the exchange of professionals for the exchange of knowledge among the three countries, through technical visits, courses and testing of planting with the participation of agronomists accustomed to working with popular movements. Representatives of Mozambican and South African peasant movements were in Brazil to exchange experiences and know techniques of planting and harvesting of creole seeds used by Brazilian social movements and, on another occasion, to visit a fair of exchange of seeds, in the state of Goiás.
With content and methodology collectively defined by the social movements of the three countries, the training courses involved peasant technicians and leaders on issues related to the cultivation and preservation of seeds, as well as cross-cutting themes related to organization, functioning, challenges and the needs of peasant social movements. The participants of the courses were also trained on how to disseminate the knowledge acquired, so that they functioned as multipliers of the initiative. The project took particular account of gender issues in family agriculture, by including a seminar especially dedicated to peasants, held by representatives of the Peasant Women's Movement of Brazil. This seminar had repercussions on the mobilization and empowerment of women in both Mozambique and South Africa, having influenced the creation of specialized structures and events in those countries.
The project also trained peasants in the methodology of implementing and operating community seed banks, carried out an inventory of the native seeds present in the areas covered by the project in the two African countries (mainly grains, roots and vegetables) and developed concrete seeds creoles. The results of the project also include recognition by the two African governments involved of peasant social movements and closer relations between them.
The main difference of this South-South cooperation project was to have rural social movements in Brazil, South Africa and Mozambique as agents to define the demands and activities and their implementation, which both strengthened the sustainability of the initiative and promoted the reinforcement of local economies.
Supported by: Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC)
Agency of implementation:
On the Brazilian side: General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, Brazilian Institute of Social and Economic Analysis (IBASE), Popular Peasant Movement (MCP) and Peasant Women's Movement (MMC)
On the Mozambican side: Ministry of Agriculture (National Directorate of Agrarian Extension) and National Union of Peasants (UNAC)
On the South African side: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Trust for Community Outreach and Education (TCOE)
Executive Director, IBASE
The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was issued in response to the international community to coordinate efforts to combat desertification and rehabilitation of degraded lands and to mitigate the negative effects of desertification on natural resources and human societies. The agreement focused on work at different levels through national action plans (NAPs) and regional / supra-regional programs (RAPs - PAS) to promote cooperation between countries in the region or under the same region through coordination of work in the region. field of monitoring and control of desertification and exchange of information and experiences in this area.
As a result, the preparation and implementation of the program was undertaken to combat desertification in West Asia in cooperation between the United Nations Environment Program / Regional Office for Western Asia UNEP / ROWA and the Arab Center for Studies on Arid Zones and ACSAD Drylands and the International Program for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas ICARDA
Objectives of the Program:
The program focused on two main themes: water and vegetation, so the program was implemented through two networks: sustainable water management (TN1) and sustainable management of plant cover (TN2) for the following objectives: a. Support the countries of the region to implement strategies for the sustainable management of water resources and vegetation. B. The development of innovative activities to improve water resources and vegetation management. T. Contribute to the development and implementation of programs to combat desertification and build partnership among all parties. W. Support the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification at national, regional and sub-national level. C. Facilitate the exchange of information and experiences among the countries of the region.
The project was implemented between 2003-2006. In addition to the positive results obtained in terms of mitigation and rehabilitation of degraded lands and improved vegetation and increased productivity of land degradation, the project achieved the following successes:
It turns out that it may be re-rehabilitation of pastoral lands that the percentage of vegetation covers more than 32% could raise that percentage to 80% after rehabilitation.
Owner: International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas ICARDA Program
00963-11-2266250 / 2266251
Geographic focus: Brazil, China, India, South Korea
Thematic focus areas supported by the mechanism:
MDG 8 on Global Partnerships for Development; As in the whole Arab region, youth empowerment is a growing challenge in Saudi Arabia, with about 60% of the population under 30 years of age. While local efforts are under way to improve education systems and expand the non-oil employment-generating industry, another need is to empower Saudi youth to emerge as globally connected citizens by sharing development experiences and lessons with partners across the emerging South .
In support of the government's push for greater intercultural dialogue, UNDP has partnered with a South-South youth exchange project through which young Saudis and women visited counterparts in Brazil, China, India and South Korea in 2012 to explore role models youth employment, urban development, green economy, ICT for development and generation of knowledge economy.
Stages / stages in the practical application of the mechanism:
The South-South youth exchange mechanism is based on a process of identification of thematic priorities to empower young Saudis and relevant exchange countries for specific themes, identification of young men and women from regions of the country, developing an agenda rigorous training for exchange visits and undertaking evaluation and follow-up to capture the lessons learned and ways to integrate these lessons into local youth empowerment activities in Saudi Arabia. It also involved a process to continue involving young people across the South as alumni of the initiative. The exchange is overseen by a Project Council with various government and private sector partners that provide guidance, quality assurance and funding.
Results to date:
The facility has been a hit with positive ratings from Saudi institutions and host partners in Brazil, China, India and South Korea.
Young Saudis benefited greatly from exposure to development models in other emerging economies and began to apply the lessons learned in their work in the Kingdom. It served as the basis for new potential South-South cooperation on specific issues of bilateral interest between countries. For example, in the Saudi-India Youth Exchange process, which focused on the role of ICT for development, was presented an innovative idea for the web-based platform for contributions of citizens to global development for development as an initiative diverted now under review by UNDP and the Government.
Most Recent Annual Budget (USD): 500,000
Total budget (USD): 1,000,000
Focal Point and Contact:
Haifa Al Mogrin
UNDP Saudi Arabia
UN sites, diplomatic quarter, Riyadh 11614
Tel: + 966-1-4885301
Several districts around the Tanzanian shores of Lake Victoria severely suffer from overfishing and deteriorating ecosystems in the lake. Local Government Authorities are piloting fish culture techniques and integrate them into district development plans and fisheries investment plans to address this challenge. Supported by UNDP, the programme also includes prior studies to assess the feasibility of planned interventions, the establishment of demonstration sites and the formation of fish farming groups. Learning visits to neighbouring countries, trainings and cost benefit analysis for advocacy purposes allow to further scale up the interventions.
Lake Victoria, the largest lake on the African continent lies between Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. About 35 million people depend on its waters for their livelihood. Initially known as a resource rich home to endemic fish, overfishing in the second half of the 20th century, combined with pollution and the introduction of non-native species has led to a rapid deterioration of its ecosystems.
Based on recommendations from a 2014 UNDP-UN Environment Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) study identifying institutional, legal and financial bottlenecks for the implementation of pro-poor environmental sustainability, Bunda District has in 2015 included measures to enhance sustainable fish farming in its district development plan. The District also developed an investment plan outlining how to finance the implementation of the district development plan. This is further informed and buttressed by a recent (2016) PEI commissioned study on the costs benefit analysis (CBA) of the nature-based enterprises that confirmed fish farming as a highly environmentally, socially and economically viable enterprise.
As part of the implementation of the plan, the District has identified local champions such as progressive farmers and the National Service and facilitated the formation of 14 fish farming groups (312 members in total out of which 40% are women) with the aim of strengthening local capacities and enhancing productivity and financing options. Two of the groups have in 2015 applied and received loans of $6,200 combined from Twiga Bancorp to initiate cage fish farming which is a more sustainable fishing option than the current practices.
In March and December 2014, different learning missions took place between institutions from Tanzania and Uganda/Kenya. These knowledge exchanges allowed to study management and technology for fish farming with a specific focus on fish culture techniques between key stakeholders involved in fish farming from Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. This includes district officials as well as local champions and research institutions.
Following these exchanges, the identification of local champions and the formation of the fish farming groups, farmers have been trained on how to operate fish-ponds and use fish rearing techniques. In addition, a demonstration site was established at the National Service, where on-site training is conducted for local fish farmers, women’s groups, and Beach Management Units. The National Service also constructed a hatchery for production of fingerlings, which has reduced the cost and improved the quality and constant supply of fingerlings.
Following the piloting of the sustainable fish farming practices, the government and private sector have taken steps to scale-up cage fish farming in Tanzania. So far, 9 private companies have been licensed to undertake fish cage farming in Lake Victoria and the revised version of the national fisheries policy of 2015 aims to promote a conducive and enabling environment for the fish sector.
Implementation Timeframe: 2014-2016
Provider Countries: Kenya and Uganda
Supported by: UNDP
Implemented by Bunda District Council in collaboration with National Service, private sector, the Economic and Social Research Foundation and the Ministry for Livestock and Fishery
Mr. Ambrose Mugisha
Ms. Kristina Weibel
To address challenges of unsustainable harvesting of natural resources and water-source encroachment, UNDP Tanzania supported the establishment of demonstration sites on aquaponics and hydroponics, a learning visit to Kenya for key stakeholders and training of champion farmers with the aim of introducing the technology in Tanzania. Based on the shared Lake Victoria ecosystems, the advanced experience in Kenya provided rich lessons and insights to the prospecting fish farmers in Tanzania.
Tanzania's fast-growing population of 50 million (including 1.3 million living on Zanzibar) is highly dependent on the environment and natural resources for its livelihood. Especially in rural areas alarming levels of food insecurity persist. Unsustainable harvesting of natural resources, water-source encroachment and unchecked cultivation, coupled with the increasing impact of climate change, pose challenges to maintaining previous achievements and for reaching the SDGs.
Especially in Lake Victoria, decades of overfishing and illegal fishing activities have left the previously extremely rich fish population depleted, degraded fish breeding habitats and diminished the complex biodiversity of the lake, therefore threatening livelihoods of millions of families who depend on the lake for their living. In addition, fish farming has traditionally been a male dominated occupation and women are often excluded from the fishing value chains.
As part of a poverty-environment-gender mainstreaming initiative, UNDP Tanzania facilitated a study tour in 2015 to Kenya, a pioneer in aquaponics and hydroponics technology across East Africa.
10 key stakeholders (2 women and 8 men), including farmers, district officials, and representatives from the National Service, the private sector, and research institutions participated in the tour in order to learn from Kenyan farmers and livestock keepers about the hydroponic fodder technology with the aim of introducing the technology in Tanzania.
Upon their return, 31 additional farmers (10 women and 21 men) in the Lake Zone were trained on aquaponics and three demonstration sites were established in the Coast Region as well as Bunda and Bukoba Rural districts around the technology of aquaponics. These demonstration sites are used for on-site learning as other farmers in the districts come to learn about the new technologies, which will allow the production of fish and fodder in a circular system that uses 90% less water than conventional agriculture.
The technology has been localized to suit the local situation. For example, the locally adapted systems are not automated and do not depend on electricity and the temperature and humidity inside the hydroponic fodder system are controlled using only a hydro-net and a hydro-cloth, to ensure higher growth and the best nutritional value possible.
The private sector has also shown interest to adopt the technology. Milkcom Farms, the producer of Dar Fresh products has installed the hydroponic fodder system at their factory at Kigamboni in Dar es Salaam.
Provider country: Kenya
Supported by: UNDP
National Service and local champion farmers with support from Economic and Social Research Foundation
Smart Farming: Living Labs
Mr. Ambrose Mugisha
Ms. Kristina Weibel
The Gambia, which encompasses the smallest countries in West Africa, face severe challenges of high poverty rates (48.6%), food insecurity, youth unemployment and vulnerability to climate change. In order to fully explore the potential of the agricultural sector for economic expansion, employment, and food production, the Government of the Gambia is working with the Benin Songhai Centre to develop a functional agricultural water farming and young-entrepreneurs training system. This allows for increased agricultural productivity, raised incomes and to address food insecurity and youth unemployment.
The Gambia is a youthful nation with over 60% of its population under the age of 30 years. However, unemployment among the youth is highest (38.6% of youth are poor) and remains a major challenge. The agricultural sector, the most critical sector for the countries' economic expansion, food production and poverty reduction, only employs 20% of the employed youth.
Inspired by the Songhai model, a highly successful agro-industrial, organic and self-sufficient farming model launched in Benin in 1985, the Gambia is developing both a functional agricultural water farming system and a young-entrepreneurs training system. In line with Vision 2016 adopted by the President, the project puts a particular emphasis on youth employment and agricultural transformation through value addition and sustainable practices.
The project was developed following a knowledge exchange visit of the Gambia's Ministries of Youth and Agriculture into the Songhai Regional Centre Benin in 2014, allowing officials to study the center's integrated sustainable agricultural development strategy for employment creation and poverty reduction. Following cabinet’s approval of the mission report and recommendations for a replication of the development strategy commenced in 2015. 29 Gambian youth graduated successfully from a 6-month training in Benin and returned to Gambia to transfer their skills.
The establishment of a mother farm in Chamen/The Gambia was overseen by five technicians from Benin. Since August 2015, the center is operational and has trained 137 youth and currently enrolled 40 trainees (25 female &15 Male) as the fifth batch for the third year in 2017. Farming at the Gambia Songhai Initiative is fully organic and continues to be managed by foreign instructors and the youth instructors trained in Benin. A local team of instructors are prepared by the technical team from Benin for eventual takeover.
The center now operates diverse agricultural related activities such as market gardening, agroforestry, control poultry, free-range poultry, livestock (sheep, goats, and cattle), a feed mill and is currently working on the fish ponds which are almost reaching self-sufficiency. The center has commenced generating substantial funds for the above activities which are lodged in a bank for use once external support should cease.
For the past two years, the government of The Gambia has contributed substantial amounts in its national budget as counterpart contribution to the project/ initiative and has reaffirmed its strong commitment to further develop the initiative.
Songhai Regional Centre - Benin
The Government of the Gambia, the United Nations Development Programme joined by the Food and Agricultural Organization and the Youth Employment Project implemented by the International Trade Centre funded by the European Union.
Ministry of Youth and Sports in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture
Amel Association International (Amel) is a non-governmental organization NGO) founded by Dr.Kamel Mohanna in 1979 in Lebanon. Active in emergency response as well as in long-term development programs, Amel aims to support the most vulnerable population, whether they are local or hosted, by implementing accessible activities in health and psychology, education, rural development, livelihood, food security, child protection, gender equality and human rights. Amel provides the services through its 24 centers, 2 mobile educational units, 1 protection mobile unit and 6 mobile clinics spread in the most deprived areas of Lebanon.
Currently, AMEL is working in some of the closest areas to conflicts, next to the Syrian border. Historically, AMEL has always worked in sensitive areas, for example, during the Israeli occupation and the Lebanese Civil War, the association worked in territories that were being disputed by rival political and sectarian militias. AMEL has always been independent, placing the human being above all. Through its experience, AMEL has proven that a non-sectarian approach is the most effective way to acquire durable peace and appeasement. Such an approach should be part of a global response to the current challenges faced by the Arab world.
Why is Amel an Excellence Center? A long-established institute, Amel serves as a center of excellence for basic service delivery for and capacity development of the most vulnerable population, including refugees, on a national and a regional scale. After more than 38 years of continuous efforts and dedication, AMEL still works through a field-based approach and has shown how local and national NGOs can make a difference and can contribute to alleviate hardship of destitute communities and empower individuals without discrimination. The work of AMEL is extremely valuable for Lebanon, which is not only a country that has suffered a very long and violent conflict between 1975 and 1990, but also a country suffering chronically from external instability of its neighbors and where the role of the State is weak and public services deficient. Amel, as a Center of Excellence, implements initiatives, particularly in relation with research, innovation and learning. Amel’s high standards of conduct, based on the humanitarian principles and particularly humanity, solidarity and dignity, guide its field intervention. In the sector of research, Amel’s action inform key publications related to international humanitarian law, right to health, right to education, among other topics. Amel is also contributing to various studies, through its field offices, particularly in the sector of health. As for innovation, Amel has a wide range of actions which are reshaping traditional humanitarian and development initiatives including mobile educational, protection and medical units. The learning stream is disseminated in all Amel’s activities through regular capacity building, monitoring, evaluation and capitalization processes, conducted in partnership with external consultants and universities.
International Cooperation. AMEL promotes the strengthening of the South-North cooperation through its partnership with Médecins du Monde over the 3 decades, but also the regional cooperation, such as the project in partnership with Youth of the Middle-East setting up a training course about communication and conflict management, coupled with a cultural exchange in Lebanon between young Lebanese, Syrians and Palestinians. AMEL is a member in the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the International Council of Voluntary Associations and in the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership, an extensive network of NGOs favoring better coordination of humanitarian action worldwide. In 2017, Amel has been recognized as an observer at the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and as a member of the Geneva Global Health Hub.
The organization has offices in Switzerland, USA and France to replicate its approach with the vulnerable populations in Europe. Moreover, AMEL was one of the most active NGO participating in the dialogue related to “reshaping humanitarian action” as part of the preparatory process of the World Humanitarian Summit held in 2016. Thereby, AMEL essentially aims to promote a fairer balance between international and local NGOs working in Lebanon or other parts of the world.
Dr Kamel Mohanna, President
Telephone: + 961 3 202 270