Aquaculture is a major industry in Egypt and vulnerable to a wide range of factors, including water pollution.
In 2013, the Conative Labs (a technology start-up based in Egypt), developed Nilebot a system that measures the effects of pollution in real time and transmits that data to farmers so they can be more proactive to find solutions. The solution helps fish farms to raise the productivity, achieve higher feed conversion ratio and growth rates, facilitate management and monitoring the fish farm and ensure the quality of farmed fish for human consumption.
Nilebot measures, records and sends the parameters that affect the condition of the water to a personal account that can be used on a Smart phone, Tablet or laptop at any time and from anywhere. In case of any sudden change in water quality and exceeding the safe ranges of any parameter of the parameters such as the concentration of dissolved oxygen, Nilebot sends a warning text message (SMS) to a mobile phone to make sure that a quick response will be taken to solve this problem.
Nilebot can be used with all kinds of farms (fish – shrimp) and in different environments (salty water-fresh water).
The solution helped to reduce operating costs of the fish farm by saving 33% of the fish feed and also to decrease the rate of pumping oxygen in average for 4-6 hours.
The solution received the following awards:
Partners: GAFI, GAFRD, Ministry Of State For Environmental Affairs, Bedaya Egypt, orange, Egypt Innovate, Nahdet El Mahrousa, Academy of Scientific Research & Technology, EBNI Incubator, Aquatics.
Mailing Address: South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
Pomegranate is a fruit tree species that grows like a shrub due to its natural sucker. In Turkey and other countries many orchards are planted with the distance between 4 and 6 meters. The gardeners there are trained to multiple trunk system, according which pomegranate grows naturally like a bush. The traditional technique requires support system (such as a trellising) to prevent the incidence of the branches of pomegranate plants, which means the increasing of the initial orchard facility cost. Such system causes problems in efficiency of crop management like productivity, fruit quality, orchard mechanization and management of diseases and insects.
An innovative solution of single trunking and pruning of pomegranates has being developed and implemented by the Aegean Agricultural Research Institute since 2005 for the purpose of sustainable orchard management. In a new system, pruning system globe-shaped with narrow angles and four main branches is applied, thus, forming pomegranate plant to a single trunked tree. As a result, the plant can stand without leaning of branches with the appropriate pruning technique without any trellis installation. This is a principle difference between the solution and the old system.
The implementation of the solution does not any specific material such as metal support system and connection wires. Pruning team should be trained in the appropriate branch cutting and routing.
The solution led to the benefit of:
With the recommended systemic adaption and application, it is possible to create a more sustainable orchard management system, the main components of which are also orchard mechanization, management of diseases and insects.
Achievements: 80 percent of 1200 pomegranate farmers in the Aegean region of Turkey benefit from applying the solution.
Partners: The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey.
Budget: No need to special budget to implement the solution, only a training is needed for farmers and pruning teams.
Turkey, Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, Menemen, Izmir,
Contact person: Erol Kucuk (PhD) Andac. Cavdar (Msc),
Phone: +905308849362; +905055730650
The traditional tissue culture technique, a widely used method for the mass production of fruit tree rootstocks, consists of 5 stages: development of shoots from explants, tillering, shoot elongation, rooting to a medium and the external adaption media. It’s costly as involves laboratory infrastructure investment costs, labor, chemical consumables and energy costs. in order to reduce the cost of production, in 2016 the Aegean Agricultural Research Institute developed a solution on rooting the rootless plant directly into the external adaption media in tissue culture propagation.
The solution is a tissue culture technique, where the rootless plantlets in the elongation medium is taken directly to the external adaption media (in greenhouse-containing 85-90% moist air) instead of the rooting medium. The solution is to run in the external adaption media where the cost of rooting is lower than that of rooting application in laboratories. By eliminated a stage, where the rootless plantlets in the elongation medium is taken to the rooting medium, the time for production within the laboratory is shortened while saving labor, chemical consumables and energy; the amount of production per unit area is increased.
Benefits and advantages of the solution:
Achievements: 3 companies that produce rootstocks by tissue culture, including Bademli biotechnology laboratory, started implementing the solution and reduced the cost of nursery plant production by an average of 15%.
Partners: The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, the private farmers and companies.
Turkey, Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, Menemen, İzmir, Turkey
Contact person: Andac Cavdar (Msc) Erol Kucuk (PhD),
Telephone: +905055730650, +905308849362
With increasing country interest in climate action and environmental sustainability, policy-makers require information about the social, economic and employment implications of greening policies. Acquiring this information requires thorough empirical assessment; many countries lack technical capacity and expertise to conduct assessments with appropriate methodologies and quantitative tools.
The Green Jobs Assessment Institutions Network (GAIN) – a network of institutions and experts on the application of models for quantitative measurements and policy analysis, was initiated to help build capacity for assessments and policy analysis particularly in developing and low income countries.
GAIN was initiated in 2013 by the ILO in collaboration with UNEP, UNIDO and UNITAR with the aim to provide a common pool of expertise at both institutional and individual level, in order to enable national governments to access and utilize a research and advisory capacity for country- level assessments and subsequent policy making. GAIN seeks to support the development and strengthening of institutional capacity in the countries by providing direct technical support to local institutions and by connecting them to other policy research institutions around the world.
The two specific objectives of GAIN are as follows:
GAIN holds international conferences and workshops on a bi-annual basis. Between these conferences, the Network operates through video-conferencing and webinars as well as through email exchanges. Network members willing to discuss a particular assessment underway or completed may invite other Network members to a dedicated session for peer review and comments. The ILO Green Jobs Programme currently serves as Secretariat of the Network and facilitates the organisation of such dedicated webinars.
GAIN is in the process of developing a green jobs assessment training package to serve as a hands-on manual for relevant policy-makers and researchers to strengthen and enhance national capacity. The first draft of the training package was presented and discussed at the second International GAIN Conference, which took place in April 2015 at the ILO in Geneva.
GAIN is open to all institutions and experts sharing common views and interest on measuring economic and social implications of transitions to low carbon and greener economies, and recognising the importance of rigorous and credible assessment methodologies and tools. Participation in the Network is free of charge.
Mr. Moustapha Kamal Gueye, Coordinator, Green Jobs Programme
Tel: +41 22 799 7247
Mr Marek Harsdorff, Green Jobs Specialist, Green Jobs Programme
Tel: +41 22 799 7189
The Elman Peace and Human Rights Center are a Canadian registered NGO based in Mogadishu Somalia. It was established by Fartuun Adan in honor of her late husband Elman Ali Ahmed who was a peace activist. His daughter Ilwad Elman now runs a programme to rehabilitate and integrate former Al Shabab Fighters, including children, back into Society.
In recent years, Al-Shabaab has suffered major setbacks in Somalia, losing territory and support. Splinter factions have emerge, further disintegrating a once powerful group. Ideological differences within the group, the sustained military campaigns by the Somali National Armed Forces and AU forces as well as the decline in support from communities has led to an increased number of combatants defecting from Al-Shabaab. While defections have increased, Al-Shabaab’s appeal has wanted but not entirely dissipated. Hundreds of youth are still drawn to its appeal within the country and beyond within the Somali Diaspora. A bigger number live in fear within communities that reluctantly let them in and brand them as outcasts, they face continuous threats and extortion from a myriad of actors and live in extreme poverty. A bigger group of fighters remain engaged in Al-Shabaab, despite realizing the group’s misplaced claims and false ideology. It’s a pragmatic reluctance driven by their uncertainty of what awaits on the other side and a lack of visible success stories of their peers who have disengaged and have been reinserted and reintegrated successfully into society with opportunities to rebuild their lives.
Through the “Drop the Gun, Pick Up the Pen” initiative, a pioneering intervention developed by the organization’s founder and name sake in the early 90’s, the center has been successful in disarming, rehabilitating and reintegrating thousands of young women and men who were being co-opted into clan militias by the warlords and Al-Shabaab, and reinserting them back into their societies with non-violent behaviours and alternative livelihoods.
Potential defectors are discouraged from disengaged even if they no longer adhere to Al-Shabaab’s ideology, objectives or methods, because they do not believe communities will accept them or they that will receive fair treatment from the security services. By changing communities and security services attitudes towards disengaged combatants – re-humanising them, showing that in the long run the risk of not reintegrating is greater than the risk of reintegrating and creating tangible opportunities for them to positively contribute to society; Potential defectors will be more confident about life after Al-Shabaab. Ultimately, a successful reintegration program is the strongest counter narrative and a disengaged combatant who has gone through the full process of the disengagement to reintegration into society; Will be the most credible voice.
The organization built off of its lengthy experience in DDR to design a 3 tiered model to disengage, rehabilitate and reintegrate Al-Shabaab combatants; a community based model which has been tried and tested in numerous regions of Somalia.
The organization is implementing a project for the socio-economic rehabilitation and reintegration of disengaged combatants from different affiliations in Banadir region, Lower-Shabelle region, Middle-Shabelle region, Bay & Bakool region and Jubba regions. For 6 years, operating in parts of the country most vulnerable to Al-Shabaab violence, EPHRC has been tireless in its work in rescuing child soldiers, keeping communities affected by violent extremism together, and building relationships grounded on a peaceful co-existence.
A significant part of the work of EPHRC is dealing directly with the disillusioned youth who want to stop fighting but are unable to see any opportunities outside of the armed groups.
The cater center caters to thousands of young men and women who receive practical life skills, religious literacy and theological empowerment, vocational skills training, psychosocial support, peer-to-peer mentorship, business management training as well as financial literacy skills and business start-up grants.
The project is ongoing and is now scaling up. Given the innovative community-based approach is unique, UNDP plans to work with Elman to replicate this model in other contexts in Africa.
Programme Specialist – Justice and Human Rights
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Regional Service Centre
Governance and Peacebuilding in Africa
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 929907382
Large arrays of natural pastures in Kyrgyzstan with total area over nine thousand ha occupy more than 85% of the agricultural land area.
The Law on Pastures, adopted in Kyrgyzstan in 2009 brings a more efficient and transparent management of pasture resources decentralizing governance of pastoral systems. Under it all the pastures in the country are a national treasure, and cannot be privatized. All rights and authority to manage pastures were transferred to the National Public Pasture Users Association and local pasture committees – community organizations of herders.
The main functions of the local pasture Committee are followings:
In the process of reform 454 Pasture User Unions with pasture committees called Zhayyt committee were established. Members of pasture committees received basic trainings on sustainable pasture management.
As a result of the reform the income for use of pastures have grown in 16 times - from $1.4 million to $24 million in 2014. Revenues of local pasture committees reached $20-30 thousand per year, which allows them to independently solve the primary problems, such as repair of roads, construction and/or repair of small bridges and junctions, creation of watering livestock. This, in turn, increased the area of grazed pastures to 430 thousand ha and had a positive impact on the farms. In average, a Kyrgyz family in village has 60 heads of cattle, which, in fact, is its main source of income. Some pasture committees have social programs, such as summer camps in traditional houses “yurts” for local children.
The pasture committees since 2010 participated in the testing and implementation of the innovative electronic system “E-Pasture Committee”, which is a unique system and currently the only tool for operational management and monitoring of pasture status. All the leaders and members of the pilot pasture committees noted the importance of the electronic module, as the automated Information System "Electronic Pasture Committee" made it much easier for them to work with pasture users. In particular, they noted improved reporting procedures, possibility to monitor the vaccination process, taking into account the actual livestock population, monitor pasture degradation and payment to pasture committees.
At present, the IP "Electronic Pasture Committee" is being implemented in the pasture committees of 11 districts of three regions with pastures in the Suusamyr Valley
“Electronic pasture committee” information system promoted formation of an equitable and socially acceptable system for distributing pastures, resolving conflicts of interest, ensuring effective public control (reporting, transparency), and thereby improving the pasture management system at the local level.
Under economic assessment as a result of such work in Kyrgyzstan it was found that the explored area under the proper management can generate incomes equal to 13 million USD.
Partners: Ministry of Agriculture, Food Industry and Melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic, UNDP, “Kyrgyz Jayity” National Pasture Users’ Association of Kyrgyzstan
Contact person: Egemberdiev Abdimalik, Chairman
National Pasture Users Association of the Kyrgyz Republic
Phone: +996 312 375044
The technology of Water Harvesting and Conservation Agriculture was developed and demonstrated by the Agric. Engineering, Irrigation Systems & Water Harvesting Research Center, ARC. By developing this technology, Sudan was able to face the problem of alleviated the most common drought and dry spells impact on rain-fed crop productivity and stabilized and significantly increased crop yield and improved farmers food security and income. The main goal of the program is to increase food and nutrition security and diversify rural income and employment opportunities for men, women, and youth, which achieved the objectives of transforming the traditional rain-fed sector producing at the subsistence level to profitable, competitive sustainable economic sector.
This technology was developed from 2010 to 2013 and piloted in Kordofan, Gadaref and White Nile States. Starting from 2014 with the support of the Federal Ministry Finance and National Planning it has been scaling up over 15 states as a national program to 2019.
Number of activities were applied in order to implement this solution:
During the scaling up phase the ARC stations and the state Ministries of Agriculture have provided the technical advisory services including training on proper implementation by farmers, while the private sector represented by the service providers (machinery owners, agro-dealers, and micro-finance) are engaged in providing mechanized land cultivation and inputs supply supported by credit through microfinance arrangement to farmers.
The most successful element proved to be a climate smart agriculture practice that integrated the available water resources for increased agricultural water productivity that substantially improved the main staple field crops (sorghum, millet, sesame, and groundnut) yields comparing with the traditional practices. The most tangible outcome is the matching of crop water requirements by harvesting extra surface runoff water otherwise wasted and evenly distributed and water conservation techniques that led to increased and stabilized crop yield in erratic rainfall zones.
Thus, harvesting of overland surface runoff from catchment area and good distribution within the field by the construction of earth contour bunds and deep storage in the soil profile through chisel plow which creates vertical micro-pores has proven to be a good soil and water conservation measure and smart climate agriculture. It bridges the crop water requirement deficit in arid zone of pronounced low and poor distributed annual rainfall (300 – 400 mm) as well as provided a good soil moisture condition for greater response of sorghum, sesame and groundnut crops to micro-dose NPK fertilizer application to remarkably increases crop yield to 1200 kg/fed, 400 kg/fed and 800 kg/fed, respectively. The Conservation Agriculture, on the other hand, has improved crop yield significantly on areas of apparent high rainfall (500 – 700 mm), but normally produces poor crop due to remarkable runoff water loss by 30 to 40 %, which traced back to inefficient no-farm water management practices. The use of CA provided typical solution and remedial measures eliminated and minimized adverse effects of water and soil loss and hence enhanced sorghum productivity for instance to as high as 1400 – 1700 ka/fed compared to 400 – 600 kg/fed under traditional practices.
Also, the transformation of small traditional farmers from subsistence level of production to market driven and demand production supported by the adoption of improved technological packages leading to increased crop productivity was the positive impact applied on the target beneficiaries.
Budget: For successful adoption and scale-up of the solution, private sector service providers (machinery owners, agro-dealers, and micro-finance) are required to support the installation of water harvesting and CA techniques and availing inputs. These modern tools of best practices are not available to small producers, and through micro-finance, farmers could access them where the cost of feddan is around USD 80 (USD 192 per ha). In addition, technical support is needed for training of extension agents and farmers, which would cost about USD 50 per trainee, as well as increasing the portfolio credit volume of the micro-finance institutions and development of three distinct rural financial delivery models in the form of ABSUMI model, village savings and credit groups model and community owned central "sanduq" fund; and loans ceiling to improve the outreach of credit to large group of producers.
Prof. Mekki Abdellatif Omer (Ph.D)
Director of Agric. Engineering, Irrigation Systems & Water Harvesting Research Center, ARC, Soba
P.O. Box 30, Khartoum North (Shambat)
Tel.: +249-912953593, +249-112252418
The development of sturgeon breeding allows preserving the sturgeon gene pool in natural reservoirs and providing the market with delicatessen fish products, however, in Kazakhstan there were no technologies for growing sturgeon species adapted to local conditions.
From 2012 to 2014 with the purpose of forming a scientific and methodological basis for the commercial cultivation of sturgeon species in conditions of fully-system fish farms in Kazakhstan, the Kazakh Research Institute of Fisheries conducted studies on the Development of Biotechnical Methods for Cultivating New Aquaculture Facilities in Conditions of Fish Farms in Kazakhstan.
In the implementation process, methods common to genetic, physiological and ichthyopathological studies were used; In the part of fish farming and fodder production - the relevant regulatory and technical documentation and guidelines. In the framework of studies for the first time in Kazakhstan, genetic studies of sturgeon fish have been conducted and a database of morphological indicators of sturgeon of different ages has been developed.
As a result of the research, the following has been achieved:
Also patent registrations have been obtained on the following:
Partners: KazNII PPP - Kazakh Research Institute of Food Processing (co-executor), Chilik pond farm (basic fish farm)
LLP "Kazakh Research Institute of Fisheries" (KazNIIRH)
Name and title: Dr. Saule Assylbekova, Deputy General Director
The research and development (R&D) infrastructure of both public and private sectors needs to be used in the most effective way in order to use national resources rationally and gain the maximum benefit. R&D studies performed by researchers through benefiting from the infrastructure of public either alone or together with public research are frequently observed in developed countries.
Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock of Turkey (MFAL) started R&D project support for the agricultural activities of private sector under Agricultural Law No 5488 issued in 2006 and the “Communiqué on the Procedures Between Research and Development Project Coordinators in Partnership with Research Institutions Subject to Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs” numbered 2007/1, which became effective in January 2007. The communiqué is aimed to improve R&D capacity and culture of private sector; to develop new varieties, technology, models and tools; to transfer outputs to farmers and agricultural industry as well as to use the country`s limited resources effectively.
Once the communiqué was published large companies began showing interest to agricultural researches.
MFAL assigned the secretarial Tasks regarding the project application, project evaluation and monitoring of approved projects to the General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies (TAGEM), headquarter of the national agricultural research system, established in 1991.
TAGEM employs 2098 qualified researchers in 21 Central and Regional Research Institutes and 28 Subject-oriented Research Institutes located in different cities of Turkey. These Institutes carry out R&D activities in accordance with priorities of TAGEM. Additionally, 8 Veterinary Control Institutes of TAGEM are authorized to do research. The fields of TAGEM are plant breeding and agronomy, plant health, animal breeding and husbandry, animal health, aquaculture and fishery, food and feed, post-harvest technologies, biodiversity/genetic resources, organic agriculture, biosafety, soil and water resources management, climate change and environment, agricultural economics and bio-economy, extension and innovation etc.
The infrastructure of the research institutes is open to private sector. Thus private sector, individuals and non-governmental organizations are able to perform their studies that they need by taking the advantage of infrastructure opportunities held by public and created with the years of experience and high investments without the need for significant investments for R&D studies. Under the communiqué, individuals or private sector organizations gained the opportunity to execute their projects with the infrastructure and personnel support of research institutes subject to the MFAL.
Advertisement is put on theMinistry and TAGEM web page every year. The institutions and organizations wishing to benefit from R&D support offer their Project proposals within the specified time. After the projects are approved by the Evaluation Board and Secretariat created under Communiqué the contracts are signed and the projects become effective subsequently. Then the relevant project developers get 70% payment to R&D project directly from the ministry and other 30% of its cost from the private enterprises. So the financial strength of private sector and trained research personnel, experience and research infrastructure of 49 Research Institutions subject to the MFAL and spread all over the country with expertise in various disciplines were combined under this regulation.
127 project contracts were signed in the framework of cooperation between Research Institutes and private sector. In 2017 the project approval rate reached 25.2% with budget of 28.5 million TL or 7,98 million USD.
Turkey, Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü (General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies - TAGEM)
Phone: +90 (312)307 60 00 / 3157622-26
The National Center for Artificial Insemination and Genetic Improvement (CNIAAG) was established as a public Institution with Industrial and Commercial Character (EPIC) by Presidential Decree n ° 88-04 of January 5, 1988, which modified and supplemented by Executive Decree No. 05-434 of 10 November 2005. The Center is one of the entities of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The Center is administered by a Board of Directors and headed by a Chief Executive Officer. The center’s mandate is to monitor and control of all activities in the country, that has included:
In terms of genetic improvement, the Center is responsible, in particular, for:
The Center is working through 3 main pillars the first is the artificial insemination which concerns of production and distribution of semen (Bovines, sheep, goats), the second pillar is the genetic improvement which concerns of development of artificial insemination programs and their implementation and the last pillar is Genetic improvement which includes the use of the semen in accordance with a genetic program duly established to the objectives of the Ministry and introduction of cryopreservation techniques for the maintenance and development of local breeds bovine, ovine, goat, equine.
The extension of all the activities of the center on the ground is done by 475 contracted inseminators numbered in 42 districts,
The prospect of the center is to:
CNIAAG Contact details:
Centre National de l’Insémination Artificielle et de l’Amélioration Génétique
Haouch Erroussi – BP 10 Birtouta 16045 - Alger
Tel/Fax : + 213 23 40 00 12
Until 2015 there were no technologies for growing pike perch and works on artificial breeding of pike perch for stocking natural water bodies in Kazakhstan. Cultivation of marketable products in pond farms was also not carried out.
In 2015-2017 in order to develop economically effective technological methods of production of pike-planting pike perch material of the Kazakh Research Institute of Fisheries, studies were carried out on the Development of Economically Efficient Technologies for the Cultivation of Valuable Fish Species and Their Introduction at Fish-Breeding Enterprises in Kazakhstan.
During the implementation of the program works, the methods used in pond and industrial fish farming (in genetic, physiological and ichthyopathological studies) have been applied; In the part of fish farming and fodder production - the relevant regulatory and technical documentation and guidelines.
Technological methods of obtaining pike-planting pike perch material have been developed based on the spawning of pike perch in ponds, obtaining eggs, incubating eggs, obtaining larvae, frying young plants, growing juveniles.
In Almaty region, in 2016, the biotech schemes for growing commercial products (two-year-olds and three-year-olds) of pike-perch in a polyculture with Nylon tilapia`s stockyards, two-year-old carp and white amur were carried out. Survival of two-year-old and three-year-old pike-perch was 100%, the average weight of two-year-olds is 250 g, three-year-olds 750 - 800 g, which corresponds to the requirements of the pike perch commodity condition. As a result of experimental cultivation, satisfactory fish productivity values of 50 kg/hectare were obtained for pike perch in ponds. The fish that make up the polyculture (carp and white amur) during the fish-breeding season reached the marketable weight, an additional yield of fish products was obtained for two years of carp and white amur to 500 kg/hectare.
The results of the conducted researches in the Chilik pond farm showed the real possibility of growing pike-perch`s commercial products in polyculture with carp and white amur in conditions of fish farms in the south of Kazakhstan.
Based on the results of the experimental work, recommendations on the cultivation of commercial pike perch in ponds of fish farms in the south of Kazakhstan have been developed. The patent registration for an innovative way of incubation of fertilized caviar of pike perch has been obtained.
Partners: Chilik pond farm (basic fish farm)
LLP "Kazakh Research Institute of Fisheries" (KazNIIRH)
Name and title: Dr. Saule Assylbekova, Deputy General director