UN, donors, government counterparts’ discussion in 2013 on phasing out of the Humanitarian-Architecture, leads to discussion on resilience building as a plausible way forward in Zimbabwe. To this end, UNDP with the support of government ministries, UNRCO, and WFP generated a series of evidence pieces to inform the development of the Zimbabwe Resilience Strategic Framework and the set-up of the Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund to cover programming gaps. Beyond management of the platform, UNDP remains involved in evidence-building and the application of this evidence in policy making for resilience in Zimbabwe. RC is an integral part of the ZRBF Steering Committee.
The fund has recently been launched and the 3-year community projects have only recently started. However, through the particular set-up, the ZRBF constitutes a broad Platform for building resilience in Zimbabwe (noting that the new GCF proposal will also build on this foundation). Importantly, all three engagement areas of ZRBF (1. Evidence; 2. Increased absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities of at-risk communities; 3. A flexible Crisis modifier built-in have gained substantial trust and go beyond being experimentation spaces for the government and the beneficiaries – they are now becoming drivers of change for UNDP core programming Additionally, ZRBF positions UNDP within the Zimbabwean context to coordinate or jointly coordinate thinking around: SDGs 1,2,5,6 and 13.
Over the last decades, Zimbabwe has experienced a number of unprecedented economic, climatic and social shocks and stresses, many of which will have long-lasting impacts. Poverty, food insecurity, malnutrition, and environmental degradation are serious challenges in Zimbabwe, particularly in rural areas. Due to effects of climate change or extreme weather conditions and poor economic development Zimbabwe has for the last fifteen years, experienced a social and economic crisis that entrenched high levels of poverty. The national poverty rate stands at 62.6% while the rural poverty rate is at 76%, with 30.4% of the rural population living in extreme poverty and 33% of under-5 children stunted (chronically malnourished) . Frequent droughts have resulted in poor cropping and consumption seasons over the last 15 years with an estimated 4.2 million people in need of food assistance between January and March 2017. Total cereal production in 2016 was estimated at 512,000 metric tonnes: 27% lower than in 2015, and about 50% lower than the 2011–2015 average. With this background and increased frequency of hazards, the resilience approach is the most likely successful pathway to development for most affected communities.
The Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund (ZRBF) is a long-term development initiative with an overall objective of contributing to increased capacity of communities to protect development gains in the face of recurrent shocks and stresses enabling them to contribute to the development of Zimbabwe. Importantly, the facility is distinct from traditional development projects as it has no fixed log frame but rather works on the basis of calls for proposals defined by the actualized needs on the ground. ZRBF has developed a governance mechanism and vetting process to ensure that funding is allocated to the highest quality of proposals that deliver value for money to eligible partners (UN agencies, INGOs, CBOs, Academia, local government and private sector) to respond to the growing demand for greater collaboration amongst a wide range of actors and support achievement of the results of the engagement areas. The fund also consists of a crisis-modifier which provides appropriate, predictable, coordinated and timely response to risk and shocks to benefitting communities thereby ‘protecting’ the resilience investments made. The ZRBF adds value to fine-tune the design and increase the effectiveness of delivery for integrated solutions to complex development settings that require multi actors’ partnerships and multi-sectoral action across economic, social and environmental issues.
Partners: The ZRBF is funded through the EU (US$ 28 million), DfID (US$ 34 million), SIDA US$ 12 million) and with some seed-funding from UNDP (US$ 2 million). To date, ZRBF has made a total allocation of US$ 37 million to 7 Consortia with a total of 29 partners (UN agency, NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, Academia, Private Sector and Local government targeting) a total of 800,000 beneficiaries in 18 prioritized vulnerable rural districts.
Government Partners of Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund:
Ministry of Land, Agricultural and Rural Resettlement and Fund is managed by United Nations Development Programme, with some coordination with the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
United Nations Development Programme in Zimbabwe
OIC The Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund
Rwanda’s economy and its people's livelihood are highly dependent on natural resources that are under increasing pressure from unsustainable use, soil erosion, deforestation and the impact of increasing climate variability and climate change, especially in rural areas.
In partnership with the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), and a range of other ministries including Local Government, Infrastructure and Agriculture and under the leadership of the local women’s-led cooperative, the UNEP-UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) from 2010 to 2018, supported the adoption of a range of economic and environmentally sustainable approaches and technologies making Rubaya the country’s first ‘Green Village’.
Scaled up under the “Integrated Development Programme (IDP) Model Villages”, today, more than 44 village models allow to halt environmental degradation, provide green energy, livelihoods and improved infrastructure for the local inhabitants.
Rwanda’s economy and its people's livelihood are highly dependent on natural resources that are under increasing pressure from unsustainable use, soil erosion, deforestation and the impact of increasing climate variability and climate change. As such, unsustainable use of the environment and natural resources hinders the achievement of national development objectives.
Because of the natural topography in Rwanda, the “Land of 1000 Hills”, the rural population is vulnerable to natural risks and disasters, especially flooding and landslides, which are exacerbated by increasingly extreme weather events caused by climate change.
In many rural areas, over-cultivation of land, inadequate soil conservation and deforestation from firewood collection causes fertile soil to be washed away during heavy rains resulting in lower agricultural productivity and food security. Women and children often have to walk long distances to carry firewood or collect water, leaving little time for other activities and formal education.
Since 2010, Rubaya, a rural village nestled among the hills of Gicumbi District, located in North Rwanda and one of the poorest districts in the country, has been quietly leading a sustainable development revolution. In partnership with the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), and a range of other ministries including Local Government, Infrastructure and Agriculture and under the leadership of the local women’s led cooperative, the UNEP-UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) supported the adoption of a range of economic and environmentally sustainable approaches and technologies making Rubaya the country’s first ‘Green Village’.
Terracing and tree planting has reduced soil erosion and deforestation which improved agricultural productivity, and reduced flooding, siltation and water pollution from fertilizer run-off. The new biogas plants have provided Rubaya with a clean source of energy, reducing smoke-related health problems from open fires and dependency on firewood, thereby reducing rates of deforestation. Rainwater harvested and stored in reservoirs and underground tanks is used for crop irrigation and household consumption. With these resources now available close at hand, women and children have more time to engage in other productive activities. The project has also increased crop productivity, allowed to build better houses, a school and a health centre.
A cost-benefit analysis of the project (2017) has proven that the green village project is very cost-effective. The village cost about US$636,000 to construct and costs about US$22,000 per year to run. Using conservative figures, the project demonstrates an internal rate of return of 5.8 percent, 7.7 percent and 8.9 percent over 15, 20 and 30 years, respectively. The study also estimated that investing in an additional 30 villages of 100 households each (1 green village per district) would generate net benefits of about US$21million at a 6 percent discount rate over 30 years, generate further indirect economic benefits equivalent to 0.8 percent of GDP and lead to a 0.71 percent decrease in the extreme poverty rate of 16.3 percent (now at 39%), as villagers have been selected from the poorest strata in the country.
Based on these results and experiences of all stakeholders involved, the Government of Rwanda decided to scale-up the initiative under the “Integrated Development Programme (IDP) Model Villages” under auspices of the Ministry of Local Government and the Rwanda Housing Authority. So far 44 IDP Model Villages have been established, with Government investing USD25million in the Financial Year 2016/17. And in the newly drafted National Strategy for Transformation (NST) for the period 2018-2024, the government targets 4 IDP Model Villages per District, which will be reflected in District Development Strategies and yearly performance contracts (“imihigo”) of government officials. To support this process, REMA with UNDP-UNEP PEI support has developed “Green Village Toolkits” and provides training to national and district technical staff, and village inhabitants.
The green village model has also raised attention among other countries in the region who learned about the green village practice through study exchanges, e.g. through regional PEI events, or study tours from Burkina Faso, Tanzania and other countries.
Rwanda’s Environment Management Authority (REMA), supported by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI)
For more information:
Other useful links:
International Technical Specialist
UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI)
Solution: EduFocal is an online social learning tool for the Grade Six Achievement Test (GSAT) and Caribbean Examination Certificate exam (CSEC) students in Jamaica.
Goals and objectives: EduFocal is created to enable social learning, specifically test preparation through utilizing “gamification” and helping to keep students interested in the service.
Implementation: EduFocal was launched on March 15, 2012 and currently has over 600 students utilizing the service to practice for their exams.
Users who are registered to the EduFocal service start at level 1 in all the subjects that are offered, that is, the most basic level. To “level up”, users need to answer questions that are created by teachers on the EduFocal service; the more questions students answer correctly, the faster they level up.
The difficulty of questions depends on the level, at which the student is: the higher the level, the more difficult the questions. When students attain level 65 in a particular subject they are considered “EduSparks” and have the ability to write questions/content for others on the EduFocal service.
Another element of the EduFocal service that is adopted from game mechanics is the leader board. The leader board is a system wide feature where students compete against each other for the number one spot on the service. The student who is consistently at #1 will win a scholarship from EduFocal.
As of now EduFocal facilitates test preparation for students sitting for GSAT test in Jamaica and the Caribbean CSEC exam, but the platform was made to facilitate other exams, e.g SATs, CAPE etc. EduFocal has been endorsed by the Jamaican Minister of Education.
Achievements: Since December 2012, students have taken over 22,000 tests on EduFocal and parents have reported that students are on the service as early as 5:00 AM. One parent claimed that her child’s performance in school has seen drastic improvement since she started using EduFocal.
EduFocal is expected to impact thousands of students over the next 5 years by giving them an appreciation for learning, and not only to see it as a boring, rote thing that is done to get by in the world.
EduFocal was created out of a need to change the educational landscape in the Caribbean, a very modest goal. The most valuable part of the service isn’t the gamification, but the data that is collected on each and every student on the service. This can be used to generate reports on each student.
Solution: Self-Employed Workers Association Kendra (SEWAK) is an innovative project improving skills of rural youth in India through employment generating services and trainings.
Goals and objectives: Unemployment is one of the major problems faced by rural youth in India today. Even though a number of schemes are being implemented by various Government Departments to provide self-employment to the youth, a large number of youths still continue to be unemployed. Lack of technical training, unawareness of available opportunities, lack of motivation, and declining entrepreneurship are some of the reasons attributed to the large-scale unemployment among rural youth. SEWAK’s prime objective is to provide quality entrepreneurship and employment generating services to improve the living conditions and livelihood opportunities of young people between 15 to 35 years from the most challenged and economically disadvantaged sections of the society.
Implementation: To address this vital issue, Nehru Yuva Kendra Palakkad started SEWAK in 2000 by registering under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. The project runs through providing young people with quality advanced training in various vocational fields so they can become self-employed. Trained youth then become part of SEWAK Skilled Workers Panel and they are eligible to work on several public work projects for the Panchayati Raj Institutions and other Government and other quasi-government agencies in the Region. Through these projects, sustainable employment is provided to trained youth.
The innovative approach of SEWAK is to generate money locally to solve unemployment challenges within the community.
Achievements: SEWAK has made remarkable achievements in generating employment avenues for poor and disadvantaged communities by mobilizing resources locally.
Solution: Holistic assessment (HA) is a process of using multiple sources to continually gather information on a child’s development, to provide feedback to support and guide learning throughout the education.
Goals and objectives: In 2009, the Singapore Primary Education Review and Implementation (PERI) Committee made recommendations to realize a more holistic primary education and prepare youth for the future. HA aims to support student learning and development, and build their confidence and desire to learn.
Implementation: key strategies for implementing HA:
Ministry of Education implemented HA in three stages (see figure below), starting with prototyping in sixteen schools in 2010, and extending to all 190 primary schools by 2013.
HA focuses on achieving greater balance, quality and child-centricity in school assessment systems to increase student motivation and success in learning). Teachers use assessment information formatively to adjust instruction and provide students with feedback and targeted practice to move learning forward. Students clarify learning intentions, assess themselves and one another, set goals for improvement, and track and communicate their progress.
Schools adopt Child-Centric Holistic Reporting Systems (comprising Holistic Report Card, Pupil Progress Report and Development Portfolio) to give parents a fuller picture of their child’s holistic development. This enables greater student involvement in communicating their learning (e.g., through Parent-Child-Teacher Conferencing) and helps develop confident learners.
Achievements: Primary schools have ranked HA as one of the most beneficial MOE initiatives for each of the past four years (2011-2014).
Teachers generally indicated higher confidence in delivering quality classroom assessment after one year of implementing HA. More than 97% of teachers surveyed indicated that they were:
Students found learning more enjoyable and became more confident and motivated to learn. They were more aware of their strengths and areas for improvement as a result of feedback received from their teachers. They had more opportunities to set goals for their learning and communicate what they had learnt to their parents and teachers. Many teachers also reported that students were more engaged during lessons, participated more actively in class and took greater ownership of their learning.
Parents gave the “thumbs up” to HA implementation despite initial reservations. They became less anxious after seeing the positive effects of HA on their children. Parents appreciated the regular feedback provided on their child’s progress and performance as it helped them to better support their child’s learning and development.
Replication: There are plans to implement HA practices in the secondary schools. PERI-HA implementation has been shared with secondary schools, junior colleges, pre-schools and special education schools as well as with overseas delegates visiting Singapore schools (e.g., from Australia, Brunei, Canada, Fiji, Hong Kong, Kenya, Korea, Lesotho, Nigeria, Oman and Thailand). Many visitors have found PERI-HA interesting and indicated an interest in adapting HA practices to their own context.
Budget: Approximately US2.2 million (2010 figure)
Contact details: Ministry of Education
Solution: Job Link-Up is an initiative targeted at young people from the ages of 15 and 24 who are considered ‘at risk” of remaining unemployed. Within the framework of this initiative, “at-risk” refers to those young persons who, due to particular socio-economic factors may experience greater difficulty in finding a job and integrating into the job market; thus they are considered to be involuntarily out of work.
Goals and objectives: Job-Link Up is aimed to engage “at-risk” youth to strengthen personal development and employment skills, improved chances for employment and opportunities for further education and thus, to reduce their interest to participate in deviant behaviours.
Implementation: in 2009, the Department of Youth and Culture launched the Job Link-Up initiative that has been running since then.
For this initiative, those considered ‘at-risk’ must exhibit 3 or more of the following “hindering” factors:
Each young person attached to the programme is assisted in developing action plans that plot their entry into the workforce. These action plans includes individual counselling, group counseling, job shadowing, mentorship, job placement, academic and skills training coupled with ongoing personal development sessions.
The concept behind Job Link-Up is that by completion of each programme cycle, participants would have been fully integrated into the job market. Each programme cycle runs for 6 months and targets 15 at-risk youth per cycle.
Young people accessing the Job Link-Up programme must be referred by a select group of referral agencies, through the ‘Job Link-Up Referral Form’. These agencies are:
All decisions concerning acceptance to the initiative are made by a management team. After reviewing the forms, an initial short list of potential clients is made. These clients are then interviewed. The clients selected to commence a cycle must:
The following remuneration is provided to clients attached to a workplace:
Remuneration is provided to clients along the agreed ratio: Department of Youth and Culture 60%; and the agency of employment 40%.
Achievements: From the inception of the programme in 2009, Job Link-Up has assisted seventy-five (75) young persons. Of these persons, five percent (75%) successfully completed the programme and approximately forty- five percent (45%) have gained fulltime employment.
From the experience gained through this initiative, some participants have ventured into their own small enterprise. In addition to gaining fulltime employment, reviews have shown that participants now possess greater self-confidence, have enhanced social skills and are making a more meaningful contribution to their communities.
Partners: The Departments of Social Development, Probation and Education, Her Majesty’s Prison, the Youth and Community Development Centers, churches, Community based organizations
Budget: The Job Link-Up Programme, which runs for a six (6) months cycle has an annual budget of EC$56,601.41 (USD20, 833.00).
Anguilla Department of Youth and Culture
Bren K. Romney, Director
Telephone: 264 498 3792
Fax: 264 497 7999
According India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) of 2008, in the course of the 20th century, the average temperature in the country increased by 0.6°C. Rainfall is becoming scarce but intense, increasingly affecting the use of natural resources and agricultural productivity. In addition, almost 60% of agriculture in India is rain-fed and the majority of farmers are small and marginal, especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. NAPCC combines existing national plans on water, renewable energy, energy efficiency, agriculture and others, bundled with additional ones, into a set of eight missions, one of which is especially relevant for the project: the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). The NMSA seeks to devise appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies in the agriculture sector in the context of risks associated with climate change. It promotes improved access to climate-relevant information and advice, and pursues a strategy for adapting agriculture to climate change. The core problem for building the capacity for climate changes adaptation is the lack of network to provide effective and timely updated information for farmers as well as policy makers and service providers at different levels (village, district, state and national level).
The Climate Change Knowledge Network in Indian Agriculture (CCKN-IA) was created in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra under the project run from 2013 to 2017 with the objective to support relevant actors in agriculture at national, state and district level increasingly use information provided by the climate change knowledge network.
The project’s target group is defined as small-scale farmers (men and women) threatened by climate change in the three selected states. Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra are characterized by differing socio-economic development and exposure to the effects of climate change. The project works in three states, six districts and twelve blocks.
The objective is to be achieved by two outputs with the following theory of change as outlined:
By establishing two-way communication channels through the network, the project could contribute to mainstreaming climate change relevant knowledge through governmental structures directly to all stakeholders involved.
Objective indicator 1: The number of network members engaged in content development is in at least 70% of the months in the second year of network operation higher than in the previous year;
Objective indicator 2: The number of times the members log into NICE is in at least 70% of the months in the second year of network operation higher than in the previous year
Objective indicator 3: At least 70% of stakeholders at district, extension agent and community level confirm that the information provided by the network is up-to-date, comprehensive, understandable and relevant.
Objective indicator 4: By the end of the project, block-level plans to adapt to climate-related contingency situations are available in the project areas which are based on information of the network.
Objective indicator 5: In the six project districts, 25% of channels to communicate the information on adaptation are specifically targeted at women. Channels comprise short messages services, notice boards, farmers groups meetings, and women SHG meetings.
Partners: Rainfed Farming System Division (RFS) under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAFW). Implementing organisations: the National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE) and the State Agricultural Departments.
Important intermediaries are the State Extension Management Institutes, Agriculture Science Centres (Krishi Vigyan Kendra, KVK), the Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA), State Agricultural Universities, India Meteorological Department (IMD) as well as non-governmental organisations NGOs such as Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) and private sector partners
Budget: 4,000,000 EUR
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Bonn and Eschborn Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 40 53113 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 44 60 0
Fax: +49 228 44 60 1766
Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1–5 65760 Eschborn, Germany
Phone: +49 61 96 79 0
Fax: +49 61 96 79 1115
CCKN Help Desk
Call at- +91-9873874421
Mr. Florian Moder or Mr. Navin Vivek Horo for project related issues
Phone: +91- 9650102669 (Mr. Florian Moder)
Phone: +91- 9953325457 (Mr. Navin Horo)
Mr. Somnath Chaudhary for Maharashtra project related issues
Phone: +91- 8975765685
Mr. Rajesh Kumar Singh for Jharkhand project related issues
Phone: +91- 9470307848
Mr. Zakir Hussain for Odisha project related issues
Phone: +91- 8826897278
The main result of the initiation phase is the formulation of the operational structure which consists of the four following key pillars:
The overarching goal of the Cities Alliance is to “facilitate the building of partnerships for development and trade and investment at the city level, to assist countries [in] tackling their social and economic development challenges”. The full-fledged MCSR Cities Alliance project seeks to further align its support to the five priority areas of the “Belt and Road Initiative” namely policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration and people-to-people bond. One specific focus of the full-fledged phase is to facilitate formulation, coordination and consolidation of sectoral action plans and projects in a green economy, smart city, tourism, culture, trade and investment, among others.
Building on the achievements of the initiation phase, the Cities Alliance will reprofile as a global platform to facilitate regional and inter-regional South-South and triangular exchanges at the city level towards achieving sustainable development.
The Cities Alliance will focus on sharing knowledge and strengthening public institutions, capacities and institutional mechanisms so that participating cities can adequately address their development challenges.
South-South cooperation modality will be adopted in the management of the project. The project will be guided by principles of South-South cooperation including respect for national ownership and independence, equality, non-conditionality, mutual benefit and demand driven.
The project has been developed using a demand-driven approach. The Cities Alliance will be responsive to the needs of participating members, including any local, national, or regional development frameworks.
Since cities in participating Southern countries are the primary contributors and beneficiaries, it is envisioned that they will take ownership of the project and set the overall agenda. A strengthened Cities Alliance apparatus will only support exchanges and terms of cooperation that abide by these principles.
The project will focus heavily on engaging support and building partnerships through a multi-stakeholder approach. It will bring together actors from a wide range of sectors—the United Nations system, national and local governments, civil society, and private sector.
The following proposed activities will be conducted in line with above:
2. Operational Modality
The full-fledged phase will operate according to the structure established during the initiation phase.
3. The Key Pillars of the Cities Alliance
4. Financial Modality
5. List of Established and Preparatory Specialized Committees
Established Specialized Committees:
Preparatory Specialized Committees (pipelined to be established)
This list may be reduced in the future if committees fail to gain active membership or produce results, or it may be expanded as new themes emerge.
The terms of reference for each specialized committee will be developed and agreed by the proposing entity, and main partner institutions; and will be submitted to the Secretariat for review and approval. Two to three representatives of the specialized committees will serve as rotational members of the Project Board.
6. Highlight Activities from the Specialized Committees 2018 Workplans
Sports and Outdoor Sports Specialized Committees
Science, Education and Culture Specialized Committee
Smart City and Emerging Industry Specialized Committee
Investment and Trade Specialized Committee
Traditional Medicine Preparatory Specialized Committee
Financial Market Preparatory Specialized Committee
Logistics and Infrastructure Preparatory Specialized Committee
Information and Communication Technology Preparatory Specialized Committee
Think Tank Preparatory Specialized Committee
Environment Protection Preparatory Specialized Committee
Solution: Supporting Teachers’ English through Mentoring (STEM) is an innovative pilot project designed by the Rwanda Ministry of Education to help primary school teachers in a remote parts of Rwanda enhance their classroom English language and pedagogical skills to improve learner outcomes.
Goals and objectives: Since October 2008, Rwanda Ministry of Education has required teachers from Primary 4 upwards to teach their subjects in English: previously they had taught in French. One of the main interventions to facilitate their transition to English medium instruction was the 2009 – 2011 nationwide Rwanda English in Action Programme (REAP). Feedback from REAP indicated a strong desire for further inputs and support to teachers to help them develop specific classroom competencies in English, as well as classroom teaching strategies.
Implementation: STEM was initiated in 2012 under the management of the British Council and its project implementation partners were the International Education Exchange (IEE) and the Association of Teachers of English in Rwanda (ATER). The implementation has involved activities ranging from the initial creation, review and revision of appropriate self-study materials to the support provided by school-based personnel to their peers in learning the materials and applying their learning in the classroom. Some of the specific steps taken by the project team include: conducting a baseline survey, from which classroom English expressions and vocabulary were selected and verified against the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) levels A1-B1 in order for them to be used in the creation of twenty units of printed and audio self-study materials. A total of 120 teachers in ten schools from two sectors of Nyamasheke district in the far west of Rwanda were selected to pilot the innovation. The STEM implementation team were then prepared for conducting learner support activities and monitoring evaluation and learning activities in the field. The STEM approach was trialed with teachers through a ‘taster’ unit and, after some revisions, the completed set of materials was distributed and teachers were inducted into the STEM approach.
Four months after the first 120 teachers started working with the materials, the project team launched a mini scale-up which has involved working with an additional twenty-six schools, an additional 413 participants and two additional sectors of Nyamasheke district. In addition, the team applied a slightly different model of STEM, based on lessons learned during the initial pilot.
The current number of direct beneficiaries is 533, including primary school leaders as well as teachers. Indirect beneficiaries are the 32,400 estimated school children whose learning experience in the classroom is improving.
Achievements: The solution has had a positive impact on the lives of teacher beneficiaries in the following ways: their knowledge of classroom English has improved, as evidenced by the mean score of classroom English tests taken in May 2014 being 52% compared with a mean score of 27% in February 2014; they are creating a more effective learning environment, with pupils more actively involved in lessons, as evidenced by improvements in scores against a range of criteria during observations carried out by the STEM monitoring and evaluation team; and teachers are developing their skills in self-assessment, as evidenced by data collected from case study teachers.
The Ministry of Education and its implementing partners (the British Council, ATER and IEE) have developed their capacity considerably as a result of working with STEM (e.g. they have developed observation, feedback, interviewing, planning, reviewing and presentation skills) and these organizations have developed their knowledge and ability in relation to managing projects and to planning for nationwide scale-up in consultation with local stakeholders.
Strong evidence for the success of self-directed study as a mode of continuing professional development in other (European and Asian) contexts gave the implementers the initial idea that this intervention could work in Rwanda. This belief was especially due to Rwanda’s ambitious and positive approach to developing its education sector. Since initial results suggest that this Good Practice has been very successful in four sectors of one district in one of Rwanda’s five provinces, there is evidence to suggest that it can work, through a phased roll out process, both nationally and in other Commonwealth countries that have similar contexts, e.g. where their teachers have relatively poor classroom English and pedagogical knowledge and skills, where there is an urgent need for them to improve these and where there is also high motivation to work towards this improvement.
The solution was the winner of the Steve Sinnot Award (an award that goes to one of the finalist of the Commonwealth Education Good Practice Awards with the strongest teacher professional development component) was presented to a representative of the Ministry of Education, Rwanda at the 19th Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers (19CCEM), held in 2015 in Nassau, The Bahamas.
Partners: the British Council, the International Education Exchange, the Association of Teachers of English in Rwanda (ATER)Local community leaders, local activists, Youth, volunteers, Theater Group Team, community.
Budget: USD 900, 000
Rwanda Education Board, Ministry of Education
Egypt scores 3 out of 10 on rule of law, 3 out of 7 on executive constraints and 1.72 out of 7 on transparency and anti-corruption. These scores signify the need to strengthen the accountability framework.
Solution: Mainstreaming Social Accountability (SA) in the Emergency Labor Intensive Investment is a mechanism of introducing accountability framework into government operations and holding public service providers accountable through a common platform, on which different actors, including government, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), media, private sector, can work together to ensure improvement of service delivery.
Goals and objectives: The overall aim of the project is to generate better governmental responsiveness to the needs of the target population. SA aims to lead to opening a dialogue between citizens, CSOs, youth groups, and media outlets on one hand and also to increase the degree of responsiveness of the government authorities (MSMEDA headquarters and regional offices and implementing partners.
Implementation: The solutions was launched by CARE International in cooperation with the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (MSMEDA) in Egypt in August 2014 in Beni-Suef, Assiut and Sharkeya Governorates of Egypt. The implementation was built on on CARE International in Egypt’s TPM model, which includes different phases and SA tools summarized by the input tracking, site visits, public hearings and review meetings that represent transparency, participation, accountability and responsiveness for good governance indicators.
The 1st phase starts by clarifying with the MSMEDA exactly what information we should expect to receive, so that we are tracking information that is useful to our key stakeholders, including the headquarters itself. Once the most relevant information is clarified, each party ought then to release information for the monitoring groups. The monitors then track the release of this information against stipulated obligations.
The 2nd phase includes input tracking. In order to track inputs from project-related data and budgets, the team first had to design an input tracking and reporting format, effectively an extraction format in excel in order to elicit and order key information. Youth were then trained on how to use the reporting format. The monitors then collected and compiled information into the reporting format, and periodically updated them. Monitors were then charged to write up observations on the data in their reports.
At the 3rd phase, joint site visits take place. These field site visits take place where the relevant stakeholders from the monitoring groups, CARE, the MSMEDA, the media, and others were able to corroborate or challenge the data published by CSOs and public works agencies.
Through the 4th phase, monitors were supported by CARE’s field supervisors to analyze commonalities and discrepancies between input tracking and site visits – data validation and to write a report with observations and recommendations. These observations were then shared with the EDA and local CSOs from whom data was gathered. The reports illustrate whether there were discrepancies between the input tracking reports and the field visits.
At the 5th phase, public hearings take place; such that it is worth having a meeting to redefine the key stakeholders and key issues to be addressed, as these may change over the course of the initiative. The team had specific meetings with individual stakeholders. These were designed as pre-meetings before the forum, briefings for media partners and focus group discussions with other key actors. Invitations were then sent out to different stakeholder groups, including CSOs, the local MSMEDA office, media, and direct and indirect project beneficiaries. The public hearing was then carried out. Following the public hearing, a report was written with a summary of the findings, a monitoring plan was developed to track commitments, and a press release was prepared for journalists.
The MSMEDA had implemented 24 corrective actions based on the recommendations resulting from implementing the SA model; while its implementing partners had applied 174 corrective actions. For the remaining recommendations, the MSMEDA and its implementing partners either clarified the non-applicability of these recommendations, are still debating them or considering other means of applying these recommendations.
MSMEDA SA Leaders started to have conviction for this experience and to take the lead at some SA model’s activities and most importantly facilitate the last-held public are cooperating to share their knowledge and experience and transfer them to other regional offices in Qena and Minia governorates.
Youth Monitoring Groups as the main implementers of SA-ELIIP, by the end of the project, youth monitoring groups were conducting the SA model activities on their own and facilitating public hearings. This had shown concrete building at their capacities.
TPM model was fine-tuned during the duration of the project and tested to be used and replicated by other entities within Egypt and/or within other countries.
Budget: USD 730,000
Partners: Ford Foundation, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
CARE International in Egypt
Mays Abou Hegab
According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016, Pakistan ranked 143 out of 144 countries. In rural Pakistan, women are discriminated against in almost all walks of life. Female education is deemed to be against tradition and, as a result, the majority of women in the province are illiterate. On top of this, women are often forbidden from leaving the house on their own, are married without any choice and are treated as inferior within the family unit.
Solution: The gender interactive theatre is a model of changing the communities’ perceptions about gender roles through use of interactive performances.
Goals and Objectives: The solution aimed to empower women from the community level and upwards and sensitize the larger communities to end violence against women and girls and promote the women’s participation in decision making by using theater for connecting communities to their social problems.
Implementation: Anil Kapoor, Global Youth Ambassador took an initiative in deprived community of Sindh, Pakistan, where early and forced marriages are common, to empower women through art and interactive theatre performance with support of his team. The project was implemented in 2014-2016. The interactive theatre found novel way and an effective tool to bring positive change in behaviors of communities about girl’s education and rights to choice marriages and delaying the early marriages.
The theater team is comprised on 7 members, including males and females. The theater actors received the training from different institutions and now they are practicing for social change in Sindh region. With engagement male and female community local leaders, influential, religious leaders, community activists and other relevant stakeholders to provoke critical thinking to address violence against women by men. Through the workshops they become aware of men’s power over women and how the community’s silence and unwillingness to interact with this power perpetuates violence against women.
Achievements: The project has so far reach out and benefited over 523 women in the rural communities of Sindh improving their understanding of the basic human and women’s rights. Because of the high level of inclusiveness of the project, starting from its design up to implementation, it has made it easy to gain both the support and political will of both Cultural and political leaders. This has eased its implementation of laws and sensitized the policy makers about Child marriages laws and customary practices against women and girls regarding women rights in Pakistan.
The communities in Sindh are recognizing GBV issues and organizing the awareness session, community meetings and theaters with community, parents and religious scholars for reduction of GBV especially early and formed marriages in Districts of Sindh Pakistan. Through this intervention, awareness raised among vulnerable women and teenager girls about child marriages laws and mobilized to parent to enroll the girls into school and delay their marriages for sake of education. This strategy found effective to address GBV related issues. resisted against harmful practices of early and forced marriages and honor killing and the selling of girls in Sindh. Communities are coming to realize that GBV can be countered through equality and a non-violent approach.
The solution changed the behaviors of communities to curb the child marriages, girls’ education and other related issues of teenager’s girls by interactive performances. The communities are aware and enrolling their children into schools.
Partners: Local community leaders, local activists, Youth, volunteers, Theater Group Team, community.
Proposed Budget: US$40,000 (for mobilization and supporting in buying the program equipment)
Global Youth Ambassador, Pakistan
Tel No.+92 344 3098775
The governorate of Madaba lies southwest of the capital city of Amman. It spans an area of 2,000 km2 and has a population of 150,000. Prior to the 2004 micro-PSP project, the Madaba Water Administration (MWA) had 20,000 subscribers and faced severe challenges. These are summarized as follows:
The solution, implemented in 2004, introduced a new concept in water utility management.
Goals and Objectives: The Programme Management Unit of the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ) worked with the German Technical Cooperation (then GTZ) OMS project to improve the efficiency of water utilities and, at the same time, develop private-sector capabilities to enable local companies to carry some of the responsibility in the years to come. The concept entails private sector participation in WAJ services on a micro scale (micro-PSP). Effectively, this aims to involve Jordanian companies in the operation, maintenance and management of selected business activities and smaller business units of WAJ, in order to support commercialization and efficient delivery of WAJ services.
Implementation: This concept was piloted in managing water utilities in Madaba. Engicon O&M was awarded the management of the subscriber section of the Madaba Water Authority, and this marked the first time a local company was entrusted with such an important task.
The services required from Engicon O&M under the contract were to manage water and wastewater billing and revenue collection. This included developing and implementing Geographical Information System (GIS)-based tools, a Customer Information System and a Sewerage Database for the Madaba governorate.
The contract was split into two phases: I) preparatory period and II) performance-based period.
The following objectives were identified to guide implementation of the project:
Engicon began by renovating the MWA Offices in order to create a modern customer service facility. This took place over the first nine months of the project, and included procurement of software and hardware that enabled the administration to issue its own water bills. Previously, MWA had relied on WAJ headquarters in Amman to process and issue bills. Engicon also surveyed and mapped all service subscribers, and digitized all surveyed routes in the governorate. This enabled Engicon to then re-assess the existing system, and plan more efficient routes. The meter readers were then assigned certain routes and switched to others in order to eliminate reader monopoly. In addition, a sewerage database system was installed.
To motivate the seconded staff, a bonus scheme was developed and the remuneration procedures were made transparent. Staff was then given training on computer skills, customer care, data entry, and appraisal (for management).
These changes led to a complete overhaul of the system of operation at MWA. Most notably, the administration was now able to issue its own bills and this dramatically improved efficiency. The consistency achieved by following the new procedures was quickly felt by the subscribers. The changes made, particularly the use of reader routes, increased the accuracy of meter reading. In a survey conducted in 2008 by GTZ, more than 99% of the sampled respondents said they were receiving their bills on time.
Quantitatively, the success of the project exceeded all expectations. Engicon’s involvement in this project resulted in the following major successes:
The success of the project has prompted the government to replicate this experience in other areas, including NRW reduction, energy efficiency and more. The Government of Jordan has decided to replicate the Micro PSP experience in other WAJ Administrations such as Karak and Balqa Water Administrations.
Budget:  The total cost of the contract was JAD 900,000.
Partners: The Ministry of Water & Irrigation (MWI), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH (German Technical Cooperation)
For more information:
Address: P.O.Box 926963. Amman, Jordan
Firas Matar (M.Sc.)
Phone: +962 64602120