The program aims at more effective and viable coordinated management at the level of national protected area institutions of the WAP complex (consisting of the W, Arly and Pendjari parks) and their animal and plant resources.
The aim is to ensure the conservation and promotion of natural potential as a source of added value that can contribute to poverty reduction by strengthening the sustainable and efficient conservation of WAP complex ecosystems from a regional perspective with an optimization of the benefits for the region. riparian population.
Under this South-South cooperation, planning and joint implementation of actions for the regionality of this common hastage have been initiated.
The WAP (W-Arly-Pendjari Parks) complex remains a major ecological unit in West Africa, constituting the main area of Sudanese ecosystems in a good state of conservation. The complex is organized around two units, centered respectively on the W park (which covers the three countries) and the ensemble of Arly (Burkina Faso) and Pendjari (Benin). Nearly 3,000,000 ha are protected, about half of which are under national park status (W and Pendjari).
This regional complex faces the growing challenges posed by climate instability, the fragility of natural resources as well as population growth and the ever-increasing needs of society that exert continued pressure on resources, biological diversity and the habitat.
This network of protected areas demonstrates the willingness of the three states to respond to environmental challenges and strengthen their weak institutional capacity and the financial resources to cope with them.
In addition, one of the significant challenges that the three countries face is the security challenge. Indeed, the forecasts of increase in tourism receipts related to the various developments made in the WAP complex, which were supposed to contribute to improve the mobilization of additional financial resources for the management of the complex's assets, were very negatively influenced by threats recorded in two of the three countries covered.
Set up between December 2011 and June 2014, the objective of the program is to sustainably strengthen the conservation of the WAP complex ecosystems (W, Arly and Pendjari Parks) in a regional perspective and with optimized benefits for the riverside population.
The cooperation has put in place a Master Plan for the development of the WAP protected areas cross-border complex on the basis of which each country draws up a management plan for the Park and strategies to fight against poaching and protection of large carnivores. This initiative also undertook an advocacy with the government of Burkina Faso for the revision of the legal status and the boundaries of the Arly Park for a better management of the ecosystems of the WAP complex and to influence the other countries.
This South-South cooperation enabled the 3 countries to have 2 development plans and a concerted management plan for the two blocks of parks and to coordinate their investment efforts for the promotion of parks and the protection of their biodiversity. (PAG ecological block of the 3 parks of W and PAG ecological block parks Arly and Pendjari). This cooperation has made it possible to better preserve the fauna biodiversity of the three countries.
It has also enabled the three countries to put in place / have a single, joint planning framework for their interventions for the sustainable management of the natural resources of the WAP complex. The signing by these States of a Tripartite Agreement for joint management at the close of the program is a major achievement, a considerable achievement indicating the readiness of these States to appropriate and pool their human, technical and financial resources for sustainable and joint management of this common heritage.
Supported by: EU, UEMOA, UNDP, Governments of Benin, Niger and Burkina Faso
Implementing Agency: UNDP, National Center of Management of Wildlife Reserves (CENAGREF) - Benin; General Directorate of Forests and Wildlife and National Office of Protected Areas (OFINAP) - Burkina Faso; Directorate of Wildlife, Hunting and Protected Areas (DFC / AP) and Directorate General of Environment and Water and Forests (DGEEF) - Niger