Problem: Charcoal is predominantly produced in an unsustainable (non-renewable) manner within natural forests of up to 400 km radius from Maputo. This has had serious consequences for deforestation – and carbon stock depletion in rural areas. It is estimated that charcoal consumption in Maputo leads to the annual depletion of 99 581 ha of forest per year. Charcoal production is also rudimentary and extremely wasteful, at times requiring up to 10kg of wood to produce 1 kg of charcoal. In some homes, cooking for three hours per day exposes women to similar risks as smoking two packets of cigarettes daily (WHO, 2002).
Solution: Refining locally sourced cassava into ethanol fuel to provide cleaner cooking fuel.
Goals and objectives: To have a clean and affordable cooking solution that contributes to the reduction of the health burden from Indoor-Air-Pollution and the unsustainable deforestation wrought by charcoal produced for cooking.
The company takes the surplus cassava, a starch-filled root and local food staple, sold by farmers and sends it to an ethanol fermentation plant. The ethanol produced is then sold in reusable plastic bottles to people in Maputo who own one of the 3,000 or so ethanol-burning clean cookstoves sold by CleanStar. When the fuel runs out, more can be purchased at an incipient network of CleanStar shops.
Achievements: CSM has successfully demonstrated that there is a market for a cleaner cooking fuel among low-income households in Mozambique’s capital, that it is possible to address this market profitably, and that it is possible to build and operate a branded value chain that guarantees and delivers high quality, clean and safe cooking solution.
With sales effectively starting end of 2012, CleanStar Mozambique has quickly surpassed milestones of 25,000 stove units, and 500,000 liters of clean cooking fuel sold. The gross consumption of 25,000 stoves on a yearly basis is projected to offset the deforestation of 14,000 Ha of forest and displace 169,000 tonnes of carbon. As our customer base expands to 120,000 households (projected for 2015), the offset will increase proportionally with annual offset of over 65,000 Ha of forest and 800,000 tonnes of carbon.
Mozambique, Avenida da Namacha, NÂº 87 EN4, Matola
Phone: (25884) 313-7624
Website: http://www.cleanstarmozambique.com, https://www.cleancookingalliance.org/partners/item/21/891