The horizontal cooperation between Albania and Tunisia was done under the framework of the Knowledge Management Facility (KMF) on youth employment and migration. The KMF was established to promote cross-country sharing of experience, information, data and tools. It is instrumental to identify and document successful practices involving the design, monitoring and evaluation of youth employment and migration programmes. In addition, it builds a body of evidence to support policy dialogue and programme development on youth employment and migration issues. Among the knowledge-sharing tools used by the KMF are face-to-face workshops, e-helpdesk, virtual forums and online discussions. These tools have contributed to the following: enabled joint programmes to interact and exchange information on the technical areas covered by their programmes; established a community of practice to share knowledge, lessons learnt and good practices; made available policy tools developed by the various national and international partners; and supported the exchange of lessons on how to ensure the sustainability of results.
In Albania, Territorial Employment Pacts pooled local resources to ease the transition of young workers from the informal to the formal economy. An articulated social dialogue focused on decent work principles was expected to support the implementation of National Action Plans for Youth employment. Territorial Employment Pacts for Youth (Y-TEP) in Albania, were developed to implement decent work objectives for youth in consultation with representatives of workers, employers and civil society organizations. Information campaigns and training activities were organized to increase young people`s awareness about their rights at work.
Tunisia, following Albania`s experience of Territorial Youth Employment Pacts, developed the Regional Action Plans for Youth Employment (PARE) in three targeted governorates, El Kef, Gafsa and Arianna. The three PARE were defined as the proposed strategic actions that needed to be undertaken to improve the employment situation of young people in these vulnerable regions. Public-Private consultation platforms were established to develop PARE and resource mobilization was launched at the regional/local level for the first time. The initiative was proved as a successful experience in the context of the post-revolutionary transition.
The Territorial Employment Pact for Youth (Y-TEP) /Regional Action Plans for Youth Employment (PARE) represent an institutional innovation based on negotiated planning, where different actors at the local level (local authorities, public employment services, business associations, trade unions, cultural and environmental associations, professional bodies, financial institutions, private enterprises) assume complimentary roles and responsibilities in the achievement of youth employment objectives. Regional Employment Boards identify local youth employment needs, design interventions to promote the generation of youth employment and/or the shifting of informal young workers to the formal economy, and mobilize financial resources.
The Y-TEP in the Kukes Region established six service lines to ease the transition to the formal economy:
- entrepreneurship and business advisory services with a particular focus on women;
- skills training grants;
- access to credit opportunities;
- subsidized employment;
- organization building and
- regulatory environment.
Over 40 partners signed the Kukes Y-TEP, committing to the implementation of the aforementioned service lines. By the end of the joint programme, over 900 young people had benefitted from the Y-TEP interventions and the experience was being replicated in two other regions of Albania. In Tunisia, the Ministry of Employment decided to enlarge the initiative nationwide to better help targeting geographical disparities (the cause of the civil uprising); for the first time, the committees at the regional level, directly mobilized resources to implement priorities that were agreed in each of the PARE.
Partners: ILO, National Authorities: Minister of Vocational Training and Employment; Local authorities: (Regional Councils, Regional Development Offices, Municipalities, delegations) Unions and Org. Employers (UTICA, UGTT, UTAP) Regional agencies of the central institutions: Regional Directorate for Agriculture APIA, APII ANGED CEPEX ONA, PCG, etc.) NGOs and donors working in the same area (UNDP, GIZ, etc.)
Residence Ines, 1er etage; Avenue de la Bourse. Les Jardins du Lac II - Tunis (Tunisia)
Ms. Paz Arancibia, ILO Chief Technical Adviser- Youth Employment Expert
Tel: +216 71192119