Goals and objectives: Conservation agriculture (CA) is a concept for resource-saving agricultural production that strives to achieve acceptable profits and high, sustained production levels while conserving the environment.
Implementation: It is based on enhancing natural biological processes above and in the ground. Interventions such as mechanical soil tillage are reduced to an absolute minimum, and external inputs such as agrochemicals and nutrients of mineral or organic origin are applied optimally to not disrupt the biological processes in agroecosystems.
Sustainable agricultural practices have been tested on land in the Republic of Moldova and proven to be a solution that reduces hazards on agriculture and are feasible in various climate, relief and soil conditions. In particular, conservation of soil tillage is a relatively newsystem that provides a solution to farmers to preserve soil moisture, reduce soil loss from water and wind erosion, reduce production costs, provide food and cover for wildlife and soil organisms and finally yields are rather stable under the climate stress.
The IFAD support has led to adoption of conservation and organic agriculture by farmers in part or all of their production, obtaining significant improvements in soil protection/fertility, soil water conservation and higher yields. IFAD investments have supported the diversification of crops, reducing farmers’ dependence on monocultures that are more sensitive to climate change.
The solution has made a significant contribution to the following sectors:
- Job creation: In line with the government’s priorities to reduce rural poverty through agriculture and rural development, IFAD provides support to improve the quality of agricultural production and processing to help raise rural people’s incomes and generate employment opportunities.
- Income-generation: Since 2000, five development programmes and projects in Moldova, with a total contribution of $68.9 million for an overall cost of $116.3 million and benefiting around 70,000 poor rural people has been supported.
- Education: Over 600 farmers received practical training in 2013 on four demo plots that triggered an increase in the area under CA from 40.000 hectares to 70.000 hectares
- Networks: Promotion of the technology as a main project goal is implemented through seminars, field days, publications, study tours and TV spots.
- Environment: Currently Conservation Agriculture (CA) and Organic Agriculture (OA) are supported by the Government of Moldova.
Achievements: As a result of IFAD interventions and promotion during 2012-2013 and due to the results provided by this solution, 26 new farmers have converted their production systems to CA. In response to the demand, IFAD in partnership with GEF and DANIDA has designed a new programme to be implemented in 2014-2019 to deploy CA solutions at a much large scale.
Replication: The Moldovan experience can be a case for sharing as an alternative system in agricultural countries for climate change adaptation.
Partners: IFAD, Government of Moldova, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry of Moldova, GEF and DANIDA.
Victor Rosca, Director
162 Stefan cel Mare street, Chisinau, Moldova
Tel. (+373 22) 21 05 42
Fax. (+373 22) 87 16 59