According India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) of 2008, in the course of the 20th century, the average temperature in the country increased by 0.6°C. Rainfall is becoming scarce but intense, increasingly affecting the use of natural resources and agricultural productivity. In addition, almost 60% of agriculture in India is rain-fed and the majority of farmers are small and marginal, especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. NAPCC combines existing national plans on water, renewable energy, energy efficiency, agriculture and others, bundled with additional ones, into a set of eight missions, one of which is especially relevant for the project: the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). The NMSA seeks to devise appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies in the agriculture sector in the context of risks associated with climate change. It promotes improved access to climate-relevant information and advice, and pursues a strategy for adapting agriculture to climate change. The core problem for building the capacity for climate changes adaptation is the lack of network to provide effective and timely updated information for farmers as well as policy makers and service providers at different levels (village, district, state and national level).
The Climate Change Knowledge Network in Indian Agriculture (CCKN-IA) was created in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra under the project run from 2013 to 2017 with the objective to support relevant actors in agriculture at national, state and district level increasingly use information provided by the climate change knowledge network.
The project’s target group is defined as small-scale farmers (men and women) threatened by climate change in the three selected states. Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra are characterized by differing socio-economic development and exposure to the effects of climate change. The project works in three states, six districts and twelve blocks.
The objective is to be achieved by two outputs with the following theory of change as outlined:
- Output A: Public, non-government and private partner organisations of the network provide climate change relevant services: Based on baseline surveys, vulnerability assessments and stakeholder analyses, network partner organisations are identified and detailed work packages formulated. Local level experts develop and validate local climate change adaptation extension contents (so-called “advisories”) to address climate variabilities and climate changes. At the same time, a web-based knowledge management system (Network for Information on Climate (Ex)Change, NICE, http://nice.cckn-ia.org) is developed, tested and adjusted. NICE allows multiple stakeholders from domains like meteorology, agriculture science, extension systems and others to share and adapt knowledge to address local needs. The online system is accessible also through a tablet application which capacitates Field Extension Agents (FEAs) equipped by the project with tablets to receive timely, quality-checked, relevant climate change adaptation information through multiple modes (one-pagers, SMS, video links). FEAs are local farmers (“Farmers Friends”) or field level extension workers (the different states apply different models). They share the information obtained at village level by means of notice boards and farmer group meetings. In addition, farmers pilot proven, easy-to-adopt, low-cost sustainable agricultural practices of climate change adaptation.
- Output B: Lessons, concepts and guidelines of the network become part of the national decision making processes/strategies of MoA (policy advice): The learnings of the project are shared with all stakeholders. Policy briefs and policy guidelines to institutionalize the project approach are developed. The State Agricultural Departments continue using the network. State governments have new adjusted block level contingency plans which enable them to specifically react to climate change-induced extreme events at local level. MoAFW appoints a nodal agency as “owner” of NICE so that network experiences become part of national decision making.
By establishing two-way communication channels through the network, the project could contribute to mainstreaming climate change relevant knowledge through governmental structures directly to all stakeholders involved.
Objective indicator 1: The number of network members engaged in content development is in at least 70% of the months in the second year of network operation higher than in the previous year;
Objective indicator 2: The number of times the members log into NICE is in at least 70% of the months in the second year of network operation higher than in the previous year
- Achievements of Indicator 1 and Indicator 2 verify an increased use of information provided by the network. The values extracted from NICE showed an interesting pattern: In the main agricultural season when climate change adaptation information is especially important, i.e. from July to October (monsoon season or Kharif), content development activities were especially high, both in terms of number of users as well as number of logins. This confirms that content development is done according to seasonal needs of farmers, indicated by the local agricultural calendar
Objective indicator 3: At least 70% of stakeholders at district, extension agent and community level confirm that the information provided by the network is up-to-date, comprehensive, understandable and relevant.
- Achievement of the indicator 3: The results of the impact survey conducted by an Indian consultancy company in October 2016 showed that the respondents at the district, extension agent and community level assessed the information provided by the network to be up-to-date (74% of the 605 respondents), comprehensive (82%), understandable (91%) and relevant (89%). At community level, respondents found the information especially understandable (91%) and relevant (90%).
Objective indicator 4: By the end of the project, block-level plans to adapt to climate-related contingency situations are available in the project areas which are based on information of the network.
- Achievement of the indicator 4: For each of the twelve project blocks, a contingency plan was developed under leadership of the responsible organization, the Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), involving all levels, in consultation with farmers which was an innovation.
Objective indicator 5: In the six project districts, 25% of channels to communicate the information on adaptation are specifically targeted at women. Channels comprise short messages services, notice boards, farmers groups meetings, and women SHG meetings.
- Achievement of the indicator 5: In order to improve its outreach to women, the project trained nine (female) leaders of women SHGs in Ranchi District, Jharkhand in December 2016, and equipped them with tablets. The women had been selected by the local women groups; it page 7 was expected that they conveyed the information obtained through the tablets among the village’s SHGs without any payment. According to project data, the nine SHGs leaders cover in total 59 SHGs. The women highly appreciated the agriculture-related information which they got through the discussions in the SHGs. According to a KVK staff, the SHG leaders are more active in responding to information and provide more frequent feed-back through NICE than men. However, the project could not transfer the new approach to the remaining five project districts because of early project termination. Thus, only in one of its six districts (17% of the project area), 25% of the channels to communicate the information on adaptation are specifically targeted at women.
Partners: Rainfed Farming System Division (RFS) under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAFW). Implementing organisations: the National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE) and the State Agricultural Departments.
Important intermediaries are the State Extension Management Institutes, Agriculture Science Centres (Krishi Vigyan Kendra, KVK), the Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA), State Agricultural Universities, India Meteorological Department (IMD) as well as non-governmental organisations NGOs such as Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) and private sector partners
Budget: 4,000,000 EUR
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Bonn and Eschborn Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 40 53113 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 44 60 0
Fax: +49 228 44 60 1766
Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1–5 65760 Eschborn, Germany
Phone: +49 61 96 79 0
Fax: +49 61 96 79 1115
CCKN Help Desk
Call at- +91-9873874421
Mr. Florian Moder or Mr. Navin Vivek Horo for project related issues
Phone: +91- 9650102669 (Mr. Florian Moder)
Phone: +91- 9953325457 (Mr. Navin Horo)
Mr. Somnath Chaudhary for Maharashtra project related issues
Phone: +91- 8975765685
Mr. Rajesh Kumar Singh for Jharkhand project related issues
Phone: +91- 9470307848
Mr. Zakir Hussain for Odisha project related issues
Phone: +91- 8826897278